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Devlet Hatun

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Devlet Hatun

Devlet Hatun
Born Daulat
c. (?)[1]
Kütahya, Germiyan dynasty
Died c. January 1414[1]
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Devlet Hatun Türbesi, Bursa
Residence Bursa, Anatolia, Rumelia
Ethnicity Germiyan dynasty
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Beyazid I
Children Mehmed I[1]

Devlet Hātûn (fully Devletlu İsmetlu Daulat Hātûn Hazretleri, Ottoman Turkish: دولت شاه خاتون, c. (? - 1412) (Daulat meaning "State"), also known as Devlet, was the Twelveth[1] wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Mehmed I.[2]

Inscription at the entrance of "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" states that she was a Germiyanids and her mother was a grand-daughter of Mawlana Rumi. "Devlet Hātûn Türbe" had been constructed by Ottoman Sultan Mehmed I for the memory of her mother Devlet Hātûn. According to the inscription she died on 1412.

Biography

Devlet Hatun was born in Kütahya to an Anatolian prince, Süleyman Shah, the ruler of the Anatolian Germiyan dynasty. She was a descendant of Rumi, founder of the Sufi order of Mevlevis, through his son Sultan Walad, whose daughter Mutahhare Abide Hatun was her mother.[3] The impressive lineage of Devlet descended from the powerful princes and charismatic sheikhs.

Devlet Hātûn's Türbe.

Her role during the period of Ottoman Interregnum

She was married to Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I as his twelfth wife. She gave birth to Mehmed I who became the next Sultan of the Ottoman Empire.[4] The other two famous Shahzades, namely İsa Çelebi - The First Sultan of Anatolia and Düzmece ( Phony or False ) Mustafa Çelebi - Sultan of Rumelia were the sons of Devletşah Hatun.[5] Süleyman Çelebi - The First Sultan of Rumelia, İsa Çelebi - Governor of Anatolia 1390, of Balıkesir, and Musa Çelebi - The Second Sultan of Rumelia were all eliminated by Mehmed Çelebi in a decade long succession war that followed Bayezid's defeat by Timur. During the succession tribute they were not given Germiyan support, but in fact the Germiyan ruler Yakup delivered Musa into the hands of Mehmed, while Isa found support with several of the Anatolian principalities but not with Germiyan. Düzmece Mustafa claimed the throne second time after the death of Mehmed I in 1421 and defeated by Mehmed I'son Murad II. Devlet Hatun died in January 1414[1] and was buried in "Devlet Hatun Tomb (Türbesi)" located in Bursa.

Burial place

The tomb of Devlet Hatun stands alone in Bursa neighbourhoods separate from the mosque complexes that contained the tombs of the sultans and other mbers of the dynasty, following two royal mothers, Nilüfer Hatun and Gülçiçek Hatun. It is well tended by the Bursa neighbourhood in which it is situated and functions as a local pilgrimage site. On the board located outside her tomb in Bursa, gives details about her:

It was built by Sultan Mehmed I. Devlet Hatun was the wife of Sultan Bayezid I and the mother of Sultan Mehmed I. She was the daughter of a Germiyan prince. Her mother was the granddaughter of Mevlâna Celâleddini Rumi. Devlet Hatun died in 1412.[6]

See also

Further reading

  • Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).

References

  1. ^ a b c d e The Imperial House of Osman
  2. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press. ISBN . 
  3. ^ "Consorts Of Ottoman Sultans (in Turkish)". Ottoman Web Page. Retrieved 2010-12-17. 
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles, Medlands Project, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved August 2012 
  5. ^ Daulat Shah Khanum (b. at Kutahya, 1365; d. at Bursa, 1414), daughter of Amir Sulaiman Shah II Bey Adil, Bey of Germiyan, by his wife, Mutahhari Abida Khanum, daughter of Sultan Valad b. Maulana Jalil ud-din of Rumelia
  6. ^ Board located outside the mausoleum of Devlet Hatun
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