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Districts of Moldova

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Districts of Moldova

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Currently, Moldova is divided into 37 first-tier units,[1] including 32 districts (Romanian: raioane; see also raions):

three municipalities:

one autonomous territorial unit:

  1. Gagauzia

and one territorial unit:

  1. Transnistria

The final status of the latter has not been settled yet, as the region, such as defined administratively, is not under the control of Moldovan authorities. The cities of Comrat and Tiraspol also have municipality status, but are not among first-tier units of Moldova; they are the seats of Gagauzia and Transnistria, respectively.

Localities

Moldova has a total of 982 incorporated localities (de jure with 982 mayors and 982 local councils), of which 5 have municipality status, 61 have city status, and 916 are villages with commune status. They cover the entire area of the country. Another 699 villages are too small to have a separate administration, and are part of either cities (40 of them) or communes (659). This makes for a total of 1,681 localities of Moldova, all but two of which are inhabited.

The status of Chișinău, Bălți, and Bender as municipalities and first-level territorial units of the country allows their suburb villages to have, when large enough, their own mayor and local council. By contrast, the villages that are administratively part of (some of) the other cities do not retain self-rule.

  • Districts 32:
Name of district District seat Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Anenii Noi Anenii Noi 892 83,100 93.2 45
Basarabeasca Basarabeasca 295 29,200 99.0 10
Briceni Briceni 814 75,300 92.5 39
Cahul Cahul 1,546 124,800 80.7 56
Cantemir Cantemir 870 62,800 72.2 51
Călărași Călărași 753 78,800 104.6 54
Căușeni Căușeni 1,163 92,300 79.3 48
Cimișlia Cimișlia 923 61,700 66.8 39
Criuleni Criuleni 688 73,100 106.2 43
Dondușeni Dondușeni 645 45,100 70.0 30
Drochia Drochia 1,000 90,100 90.1 40
Dubăsari Dubăsari 309 35,200 113.9 15
Edineț Edineț 933 82,900 88.9 49
Fălești Fălești 1,073 92,600 86.3 76
Florești Florești 1,108 90,000 81.2 74
Glodeni Glodeni 754 61,900 82.1 35
Hîncești Hîncești 1,484 122,000 82.2 63
Ialoveni Ialoveni 783 99,100 126.5 34
Leova Leova 775 53,800 69.4 39
Nisporeni Nisporeni 630 66,800 106.0 39
Ocnița Ocnița 597 56,100 94.0 33
Orhei Orhei 1,228 125,900 102.5 75
Rezina Rezina 621 52,600 84.7 41
Rîșcani Rîșcani 936 70,000 74.8 55
Sîngerei Sîngerei 1,033 93,400 90.4 70
Soroca Soroca 1,043 100,400 96.3 68
Strășeni Strășeni 730 91,300 125.1 39
Șoldănești Șoldănești 598 43,300 72.4 33
Ștefan Vodă Ștefan Vodă 998 71,900 72.0 26
Taraclia Taraclia 674 44,200 65.6 26
Telenești Telenești 849 74,200 87.4 54
Ungheni Ungheni 1,083 117,400 108.4 74
  • Municipalities 3:
Name of municipalities Municipality Seat Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Bălți Bălți 78 148,900 1909.0 3
Bender Bender 97 101,000 1041.2 2
Chișinău Chișinău 635 789,500 1243.3 35
  • Autonomous territory 2:
Name of autonomy Autonomy Seat Area
(km²)
Population (2011) Population
density
Towns/
villages
Găgăuzia Comrat 1,832 160,700 87.7 35
Transnistria Tiraspol 4,163 518,700 124.6 147

Notes

Areas not under central government control include:

  • Transnistria, which with the exception of six communes (comprising a total of ten localities) corresponds to the geographic part of Moldova situated to the east of the Dniestr (Romanian: Nistru) river, is de jure a part of Moldova, but in fact is governed by breakaway authorities. (See also: War of Transnistria.) The city of Dubăsari (administratively in Transnistria, and not in the Dubăsari district), and these six communes (administratively in the Dubăsari district of Moldova, and not in the administrsative definition of Transnistria), all controlled by the central authorities (except the village of Roghi in commune Molovata Nouă, which is controlled by Tiraspol), form the northern part of the security zone set at the end of the war.
  • Bender municipality (the city itself, and the commune Proteagailovca), and three communes (five localities) of Căușeni district (Gîsca, Chițcani, and Cremenciug) are de facto controlled by the breakaway regime of Transnistria. Together with one the commune Varnița of Anenii Noi district and the commune Copanca of Căușeni district under Moldovan control, these localities form the southern part of the security zone set at the end of the war. The city of Bender has both a Moldovan police force (mostly symbolic) and a Transnistrian militsiya force (practically in charge in most instances).

Population

  • The smallest entity electing a mayor is commune Salcia, Taraclia district, population 441. It consists of the village Salcia, population 382, and the village Orehovca, population 59. The largest entity is themunicipality of Chișinău, electing a mayor for 712,218 inhabitants.
  • The largest number of localities governed by a single commune or city government in Moldova is 6. This is the case for:
On the opposite end, 42 of the 66 cities, and about half the communes of Moldova have local administration providing services for a single locality.
The village of Schinoasa was outlined within commune Țibirica, Călărași district in 2007, and information is not available yet whether it has any population.
  • Village (hamlet) Ivanovca, commune Natalievca, Fălești district, population 19, inhabited by 14 Russians and 5 Ukrainians, is the only inhabited locality in Moldova without any ethnic Moldovans. On the opposite end, one commune, Cigârleni, Ialoveni district, population 2,411, and 42 villages of sub-commune level (population varying from 1 to 673), have 100% Moldovan population.

Coincidal names

Previous divisions

Counties (1998-2003)

Between 1998 and February 2003, Moldova was divided into 12 territorial units, including 1 municipality, 1 autonomous territorial unit, 1 territorial unit, and 9 counties (Romanian: județe; seats in brackets):

  1. Chișinău municipality, surrounded by Chișinău county, but different from it
  2. Bălți County (Bălți)
  3. Cahul County (Cahul)
  4. Chișinău County (Chișinău)
  5. Edineț County (Edineț)
  6. Lăpușna County (Hîncești)
  7. Orhei County (Orhei)
  8. Soroca County (Soroca)
  9. Tighina County (Căușeni)
  10. Ungheni County (Ungheni)
  11. Găgăuzia, autonomous territorial unit (Comrat)
  12. Stânga Nistrului, territorial unit (Dubăsari)

In 2003, just before the abolition of the county system, a Taraclia County was split out from the Cahul County; it coincides with the current Taraclia district.

Cities and districts (1991-1998)

Between 1991-1998, Moldova was divided into 10 cities and 40 districts:[2]

Cities
Districts
  • Anenii Noi
  • Basarabeasca
  • Brinceni
  • Cahul
  • Camenca
  • Cantemir
  • Căinari
  • Călărași
  • Căușeni
  • Ciadîr-Lunga
  • Cimișlia
  • Comrat
  • Criuleni
  • Dondușeni
  • Drochia
  • Dubăsari
  • Edineț
  • Fălești
  • Florești
  • Glodeni
  • Grigoriopol
  • Hîncești
  • Ialoveni
  • Leova
  • Nisporeni
  • Ocnița
  • Orhei
  • Rezina
  • Rîbnița
  • Rîșcani
  • Sîngerei
  • Slobozia
  • Soroca
  • Strășeni
  • Șoldănești
  • Ștefan Vodă
  • Taraclia
  • Telenești
  • Ungheni
  • Vulcănești

See also

References

External links

  • Moldovan Ministry of Local Public Administration
  • .
    • Modification 37-XV-14.02.2003
    • Modification 124-XV-18.03.2003
  • Moldovan Law 431-XIII from April 19, 1995, Monitorul Oficial al Republicii Moldova, no. 31-32/340, June 9, 1995
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