Earl's Colne Priory

Colne Priory at Earls Colne, Essex was a Benedictine priory, initially a dependent cell of Abingdon Abbey, Berkshire (now in Oxfordshire). It was founded by Aubrey de Vere I and his wife Beatrice in or before 1111. Their eldest son Geoffrey had died at Abingdon about seven or eight years earlier and was buried there. On his deathbed, Geoffrey had bequeathed to Abingdon the church and lands at Kensington, Middlesex, and his parents and brothers had confirmed that grant, as had King Henry I.

Aubrey and Beatrice became very attached to Abingdon, but as they lived primarily in Essex, the aging couple found it difficult to journey there. They founded Colne Priory, the only cell of Abingdon, in order to have monks of that house close to them and as a family mausoleum. About 1112 Aubrey I retired to the priory, joined by his youngest son, William de Vere, both of whom died there shortly thereafter.

Colne Priory became the principal burial place of the earls of Oxford, with all but a few buried there to 1703. After the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century, the Crown granted the priory to John de Vere (1482–1540), 15th Earl of Oxford on 22 July 1536.[1] The surviving tombs at Colne, some with effigies, were removed in the 1930s to St Stephen's Chapel near Bures, Suffolk, where they are now. A late 12th-century cartulary exists.

The relations between Abingdon and its priory were occasionally discordant, and in the 13th century Colne Priory became an independent priory.

References

Sources

Coordinates: 51°55′36″N 0°42′36″E / 51.9267°N 0.7100°E / 51.9267; 0.7100 (Earl's Colne Priory)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.