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East India Company College

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Title: East India Company College  
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East India Company College

The East India Company College, or East India College, was an educational establishment founded in 1806 to train "writers" (administrators) for the Honourable East India Company (HEIC). It provided general and vocational education for young gentlemen of sixteen to eighteen years old, who were nominated by the Company's directors to writerships in its overseas civil service.

The College's counterpart for the training of officers for the Company's Presidency armies was Addiscombe Military Seminary, Surrey.

History

Haileybury College today

Charles Grant, Chairman of the British East India Company and Member of Parliament, was closely involved in the foundation of the college. Opening in February 1806, it was initially located in Hertford Castle, before moving in 1809 to purpose-built premises at nearby Hertford Heath. The architect of the buildings was William Wilkins, who also designed the National Gallery in London.

In 1856 an open competitive examination replaced the system of appointment to the Indian Civil Service by patronage. In January 1858, in the wake of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British government took over the administration of India and the College closed. The buildings were reopened in 1862 as a public school, Haileybury, and in 1942 its re-incarnation merged with the Imperial Service College to become Haileybury and Imperial Service College.

Administrators

Principals

The College had four principals:

Deans

The position of Dean was filled by one of the professors:

  • William Dealtry, MA (1813)
  • Charles Webb Le Bas, MA (1814–38)
  • James Amiraux Jeremie (Professor of Classics) (1838–50)
  • W E Buckley (1850–57)

Registrars

The position of Registrar was filled by one of the professors:

  • William Dealtry (1813)
  • Bewick Bridge (1814–16)
  • Edward Lewton (1816–30)
  • Henry George Keene (1831–34)
  • James Michael (1834–37)
  • Fred Smith (1838–57)

Professors

Languages

Law

Political Economy

  • Thomas Malthus taught from 1805-34. In 1809 he moved into the east side of a house (Hailey House), which he then bought in 1815 and occupied until his death, after which it was taken over by Mr Empson.
  • Richard Jones was Professor of History and Political Economy (1834–55).
  • The Rt Hon Sir James Stephen also taught political economy (1855–57)

Mathematics and Natural Philosophy

Classical and General Literature

  • Edward Lewton (1806–30)
  • Joseph Hallett Batten (1806–15)
  • James Amiraux Jeremie (also Dean) (1830–50), elected in 1850 Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge.
  • W.E.Buckley (1850–57) previously tutor and fellow at Brasenose College, Oxford and Professor of Anglo-Saxon at Oxford (1844–50), and a member and subsequently vice-president of the Roxburghe Club.

Other

Assistants in the Oriental Department included Maulavi Abdal Aly (1809–12), Maulavi Mirza Khedel (1809–19), The Revd. Robert Anderson (1820–25), and David Shea (1826–36). Moonshy Ghoolam Hyder and Thomas Medland taught oriental writing.[6][7]

Notable alumni

References

  1. ^ ODNB article by G. P. Moriarty, ‘Henley, Samuel (1740–1815)’, rev. John D. Haigh, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, May 2007 [1], accessed 21 Sept 2007.
  2. ^ a b Our Public Schools: Their Influence on English History By James George Cotton Minchin, S. Sonnenschein & co., ltd, 1901 [2], accessed 9 Oct 2007.
  3. ^ ODNB article by G. C. Boase, ‘Melvill, Henry (1798–1871)’, rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [3], accessed 18 Sept 2007
  4. ^ ODNB article by Cecil Bendall, ‘Johnson, Francis (1795/6–1876)’, rev. Parvin Loloi, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [4], accessed 21 Sept 2007.
  5. ^ ODNB article by Stanley Lane-Poole, ‘Eastwick, Edward Backhouse (1814–1883)’, rev. Parvin Loloi, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [5], accessed 20 Sept 2007.
  6. ^ a b c Sir Richard Temple (1882). Men and Events of My Time in India. London: John Murray. p. 18. Retrieved 9 Oct 2007. 
  7. ^ a b c F.C. Danvers, M Monier-Williams and others (1894). Memorials of Old Haileybury College. Westminster: Archibald Constable.  Quoted in A Dictionary of Public Administration by Shriram Maheshwari.
  8. ^ The Mulfuzāt Timūry (Autobiographical Memoirs) of the Moghul Emperor Timūr p 16 accessed 9 Oct 2007
  9. ^ ODNB article by Joanne Shattock, ‘Empson, William (1791–1852)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [6], accessed 20 Sept 2007
  10. ^ ODNB article by M. C. Curthoys, ‘Dealtry, William (1775–1847)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [7], accessed 20 Sept 2007.
  11. ^ Binns, Sheila (2014). Sir Edward Colebrooke of Abington and Ottershaw, Baronet and Member of Parliament: The Four Lives of an Extraordinary Victorian.  

Further reading

  • Farrington (ed.), Anthony (1976). The Records of the East India College, Haileybury, & other institutions. London: H.M.S.O. 

External links

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