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Ecoregions of Japan

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Title: Ecoregions of Japan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of regions of Japan, Biodiversity hotspot, Index of environmental articles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Ecoregions of Japan

Japan is home to a nine forest ecoregions, which reflect its climate and geography. The islands that constitute Japan generally have a humid climate, which ranges from warm subtropical in the southern islands to cool temperate on the northern island of Hokkaidō.

Japan lies at the convergence of three terrestrial ecozones, the Palearctic, Indomalaya, and Oceania, and its flora and fauna combine elements from all three. The ecoregions that cover the main islands of Japan, Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū, and Shikoku, along with the nearby islands, are considered part of the Palearctic ecozone. The island arcs of southern Japan, the Ryukyu Islands to the southwest and the Ogasawara Islands to the southeast, are home to subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregions; the Nansei Islands subtropical evergreen forests ecoregion is part of the Indomalaya ecozone, while the Ogasawara subtropical moist forests of the Ogasawaras is part of the Oceania ecozone.

Terrestrial ecoregions

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests

  • Hokkaidō deciduous forests
  • Nihonkai evergreen forests
  • Nihonkai montane deciduous forests
  • Taiheiyo evergreen forests
  • Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests

Temperate coniferous forests

Freshwater ecoregions

  • Sakhalin, Hokkaido, & Sikhote-Alin Coast
  • Lake Biwa
  • Honshu-Shikoku-Kyushu

Marine ecoregions

(not a complete list)

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