World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Ecphonesis

Article Id: WHEBN0002263875
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ecphonesis  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oremus, Christian prayer, Rhetoric, Words of Institution, Glossary of rhetorical terms
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Ecphonesis

Ecphonesis (Greek: ἐκφώνησις) is an emotional, exclamatory phrase (exclamation) used in poetry, drama, or song. It is a rhetorical device that originated in ancient literature. A Latin example is "O tempora! O mores!" ("Oh, the times! Oh, the morals!"). A modern example is "Young man!" from the song YMCA by the Village People

Edgar Allan Poe used many rhetoric literary devices[1] and ecphonesis was one he used in his writings. For example he used this device in “The Tell-Tale Heart”, "Almighty God!--no, no! They heard!--they suspected!--they knew!--they were making a mockery of my horror!--this I thought, and this I think. But anything was better than this agony! Anything was more tolerable than this derision! I could bear those hypocritical smiles no longer! I felt that I must scream or die! and now--again!--hark! louder! louder! louder! louder! "'Villains!' I shrieked, 'dissemble no more! I admit the deed!--tear up the planks! here, here!--It is the beating of his hideous heart!'". Here the use of exclamations throughout this example and the whole story lets the reader see the feelings and emotions of the main character. Even when Poe does not use ecphonesis the mood he puts the reader while using exclamatory words is already in place.[2] Poe uses these words to show the reader how a person reacts without coming out straight forward. Poe isn’t the only person using ecphonesis and here are some other examples used in modern American literature:

"No! No-no-no-no-no-no! Well, yes."- Homer Simpson of The Simpsons [3]

"Oh joy! Rapture! I got a brain!"-Scarecrow in The Wizard of Oz, 1939 [4]

In Eastern Orthodox Liturgy

In the Eastern Orthodox Church many prayers are recited silently by the priest who "speaks to God face-to-face" according to St. Symeon of Thessaloniki. However, the closing words of such prayers are usually chanted aloud, especially at the closing of an ectenia (litany), and those closing words are called an ecphonesis.

Examples:

  • In the anaphora (eucharistic prayer), the prayer following the sanctus is said silently by the priest but its ending, the Words of Institution, are intoned in a loud voice.
  • During most ectenias the priest silently recites a prayer up to its last line and then, when the ectenia has concluded, he chants aloud that last line.

References

  1. ^ G., Tyler. "Edgar Allan Poe and His Use of Literary Devices". 
  2. ^ Zimmerman, Brett (2005). Edgar Allan Poe: Rhetoric and Style. McGill-Queen's Press. 
  3. ^ "Homer The Heretic". 
  4. ^ "The Wizard of Oz (1939) Quotes". 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.