World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eleftheria i thanatos

Article Id: WHEBN0000904044
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eleftheria i thanatos  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Psara, Flag of Greece, Hymn to Liberty, List of inscribed flags, Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi
Collection: Liberty Symbols, National Mottos, National Symbols of Greece, Political Slogans
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Eleftheria i thanatos

Eleftheria i thanatos (Greek: Ελευθερία ή θάνατος, pronounced , "freedom or death") is the motto of Greece.[1][2] It arose during the Greek War of Independence in the 1820s, where it was a war cry for the Greeks who rebelled against Ottoman rule.[3] It was adopted after the Greek War of Independence. It is still in use today, and is a popular theory regarding the use of 9 stripes (for the nine syllables of the motto) in the Greek flag, the five blue stripes for the syllables "Έλευθερία" and the four white stripes "ή Θάνατος".[4][5] The motto symbolized and still symbolizes the resolve of the people of Greece against tyranny and oppression.

The Filiki Eteria at its emblem had the letters "ΗΕΑ" and "ΗΘΣ". These are the letters of the words "Ή ΕλευθερίΑ" "Ή ΘάνατοΣ", which means Freedom or Death.[6][7] Also, this is the motto of the 4th Infantry Division of the Greek Army.[8]

The symbol of Filiki Eteria. It has the letters "ΗΕΑ" and "ΗΘΣ" which are the letters of the words "Ή ΕλευθερίΑ" "Ή ΘάνατοΣ" (Freedom or Death).

Legacy

Nikos Kazantzakis' novel Captain Michalis was subtitled Freedom or Death, which became its title in the United States, Germany, France, and other countries.

See also

References

  1. ^ Pedersen, Christian Fogd (1971). The International Flag Book in Color. Morrow. p. 166. 
  2. ^ Crampton, William (1991). Complete Guide to Flags. Gallery Books. p. 57.  
  3. ^ "Greek Independence Day.". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 2009-09-09. The Greek revolt was precipitated on March 25, 1821, when Bishop Germanos of Patras raised the flag of revolution over the Monastery of Agia Lavra in the Peloponnese. The cry “Freedom or Death” became the motto of the revolution. The Greeks experienced early successes on the battlefield, including the capture of Athens in June 1822, but infighting ensued. 
  4. ^ Hinde, Robert A.; Watson, Helen (1995). War: A Cruel Necessity?: the Bases of Institutionalized Violence. I.B. Tauris. p. 55.  
  5. ^ Smith, Whitney (2001). Flag Lore of All Nations. Milbrook Press. p. 40.  
  6. ^ Greek Army website
  7. ^ FHW-Membership card of the Philiki Etaireia
  8. ^ Greek Army website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.