World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Emperor Kōmyō

Article Id: WHEBN0000229358
Reproduction Date:

Title: Emperor Kōmyō  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Emperor Sukō, Emperor Kōgon, Emperor Go-Kōmyō, Emperor Go-Fushimi, Emperor Go-Kōgon
Collection: 1322 Births, 1380 Deaths, Japanese Emperors
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Emperor Kōmyō

Emperor Kōmyō
2nd Northern Pretender
Emperor Kōmyō
Reign 1336–1348
Predecessor Emperor Kōgon
Successor Emperor Sukō
Born January 11, 1322
Died July 26, 1380 (aged 58)

Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇 Kōmyō Tennō) (January 11, 1322 – July 26, 1380) was the 2nd of the Ashikaga Pretenders, although he was actually the first to be supported by the Ashikaga Bakufu. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1336 through 1348.[1]

Contents

  • Genealogy 1
  • Events of Kōmyō's life 2
  • Eras of Kōmyō's reign 3
  • Southern Court Rivals 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • See also 7

Genealogy

His personal name was Yutahito (豊仁). Second son of Emperor Go-Fushimi. His mother was Neishi (寧子), the daughter of Saionji Kinhira (西園寺公衡)

Events of Kōmyō's life

In his own lifetime, Kōmyō and those around him believed that he occupied the Chrysanthemum Throne from September 20, 1336 to November 18, 1348.

When Ashikaga Takauji, rebelling against Emperor Go-Daigo's Kemmu Restoration, entered Kyōto in 1336, Go-Daigo fled to Enryakuji on Mount Hiei. Despite lacking the sacred treasures, Prince Yutahito was enthroned as emperor, beginning the Northern Court. On the 12th day, 21st day, Go-Daigo escaped to Yoshino, founding the Southern Court.

On November 18, 1348, he abdicated in favor of the eldest son of his older brother, the former claimant to the throne Emperor Kōgon, who became the Northern Pretender Emperor Sukō.

In 1352, taking advantage of the Kan'ō Disturbance, a family feud in the Ashikaga clan, the Southern Emperor Emperor Go-Murakami entered Kyoto, capturing it and carrying away Kōmyō along with Emperor Kōgon and Emperor Sukō and the Crown Prince.

In the Shōhei Reunification, Kōmyō and his companions were placed under house arrest in Yamato Province, in what is today the village of Nishiyoshino, Yoshino District, Nara. In 1355, returning to Kyōto, he entered a monastery.

  • July 26, 1380 (Kōryaku 2, 24th day of the 6th month): The former emperor died at age 60.[2]

Eras of Kōmyō's reign

The years of Kōmyō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[3]

Nanboku-chō Northern court
Nanboku-chō Southern court

Southern Court Rivals

Notes

Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294–295.
  2. ^ Titsingh, p. 315.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 294.

References

See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Kōgon
Northern Pretender
1336–1348
Succeeded by
Emperor Sukō
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.