World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Emperor Sukō

Article Id: WHEBN0000010439
Reproduction Date:

Title: Emperor Sukō  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Emperor Go-Kōgon, Emperor Kōgon, Emperor Shōkō, Emperor Go-En'yū, List of Emperors of Japan
Collection: 1334 Births, 1398 Deaths, Japanese Emperors
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Emperor Sukō

Emperor Sukō
3rd Northern Pretender
Reign 1348–1351
Predecessor Emperor Kōmyō
Successor Emperor Go-Kōgon
Born May 25, 1334
Died January 31, 1398 (aged 63)

Emperor Sukō ( (崇光天皇 Sukō Tennō)) (May 25, 1334 – January 31, 1398) was the third of Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1348 through 1351.[1]


  • Genealogy 1
  • Events of Sukō's life 2
  • Eras during his reign 3
  • Southern Court rivals 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes 6
  • References 7


His personal name was originally Masuhito (益仁;), but was later changed to Okihito (興仁).

His father was the Northern Pretender Emperor Kōgon. His predecessor, Emperor Kōmyō was his uncle, the younger brother of Emperor Kōgon.

  • Lady-in-waiting: Niwata (Minamoto) ?? (庭田(源)資子)
    • First son: Imperial Prince Fushimi-no-miya Yoshihito (伏見宮栄仁親王) (First Fushimi-no-miya)
    • Second son: Prince Okinobu (興信法親王) (Buddhist Priest)
  • Court Lady: Lady Yasukuku-dono (安福殿女御)
  • Consort: Sanjō ?? (三条局)
    • First daughter: ?? (瑞室)
    • Third son: Prince Kōsuke ?? (弘助法親王) (Buddhist Priest)

Events of Sukō's life

In his own lifetime, Sukō and those around him believed that he occupied the Chrysanthemum Throne from November 18, 1348 until November 26, 1351.

In 1348, he became Crown Prince. In the same year, he became Northern Emperor upon the abdication of Emperor Kōmyō. Although Emperor Kōgon ruled as cloistered Emperor, the rivalry between Ashikaga Takauji and Ashikaga Tadayoshi began, and in 1351, Takauji returned to the allegiance of the Southern Court, forcing Emperor Sukō to abdicate. This was intended to reunify the Imperial Line. However, the peace soon fell apart, and in 1352, the Southern Dynasty evacuated Kyoto, abducting with them Retired (Northern) Emperors Emperor Kōgon and Emperor Kōmyō as well as Sukō and the Crown Prince, Imperial Prince Naohito, the son of Emperor Kōgon. Because of this, Takauji made Emperor Kōgon's second son Imperial Prince Iyahito emperor (First Fushimi-no-miya).

Returning to Kyoto in 1357, Emperor Sukō's son Imperial Prince Yoshihito began to work with the Bakufu to be named Crown Prince, but the Bakufu instead decided to make Emperor Go-Kōgon's son (the future Emperor Go-En'yū) Crown Prince instead.

In 1398, Emperor Sukō died. But, 30 years after his death, in 1428, his great-grandson Hikohito (彦仁), as the adopted son of Emperor Shōkō, became Emperor Go-Hanazono, fulfilling Sukō's dearest wish. Sukō is enshrined at the Daikōmyōji no misasagi (大光明寺陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.

Eras during his reign

Nanboku-chō Southern court
  • Eras as reckoned by legitimate Court (as determined by Meiji rescript)
Nanboku-chō Northern court
  • Eras as reckoned by pretender Court (as determined by Meiji rescript)

Southern Court rivals

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 296–301.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Kōmyō
Northern Pretender
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Kōgon
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.