Enrico IV

This article is about the play by Pirandello. For other uses, see Henry IV.

Enrico IV (Henry IV) is a 1921 Italian play by Luigi Pirandello, premiered the following year. A study on madness with comic and tragic sides, it has been translated into English by Tom Stoppard and others. Its titular character is a man who believes himself to be Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Rex Harrison starred in a noted British production which went to Broadway in 1973, but the Stoppard translation was not used in the production.[1]

Plot overview

A talented actor and historian falls off his horse in a historical pageant while playing the role of Henry IV. When he comes to, he believes himself to be Henry. For the next twenty years his nephew, Count de Nolli, funds an elaborate hoax in a remote villa, where actors play the roles of Henry's privy councillors and simulate the 11th century court.

On request from his dying mother, de Nolli brings a Doctor referred to as the latest in a succession to try to cure Henry (whose real name, if it is not Henry, is never mentioned). All the action of the play occurs in this one day of the visit.

Accompanying de Nolli and the Doctor are:

  • Frida, de Nolli's fiancĂ©e.
  • Frida's mother, Matilda (whom Henry loved, unrequited, before the accident). The character notes describe Matilda as widow, and neither Henry nor Belcredi are Frida's father. A portrait of the young Matilda in costume from the pageant, dressed as Matilda of Tuscany hangs on the wall of the throne room. Frida is now the spitting image of her mother as she was then.
  • Matilda's lover, Belcredi.

In the first two acts the visitors play parts from the period whilst interacting with Henry.

The play begins with the induction of Bertoldo to the band of privy councillors, who has prepared for the part in Henry IV's court. The visitors then arrive and are later introduced to Henry. Henry mistakes Belcredi's disguise of a simple monk for Peter Damian and reacts angrily, but is later calmed.

Act two begins with speculation among the visitors about Henry, as well as what he sees in Matilda, who argues constantly with Belcredi. Henry enters once more and his behaviour is increasingly erratic. Once the visitors arrive Henry declares to his councillors that he is not truly mad, but has been aware of the nature of his existence for some time. However he has preferred to stay as he was than to live in the 20th century (the play is set in the 1920s). And his behaviour and speech are still abnormal.

Upon learning of this revelation the visitors confront Henry, who acts angrily to them, particularly Belcredi. At the end of the act he grabs Frida, who is dressed as in the portrait in preparation for the Doctor's plan to shock Henry out of his madness. In the ensuing altercation Henry stabs Belcredi. The visitors flee, and Henry resumes his regal persona as the curtain falls.


External links

  • Westinghouse Studio One live television performance of December 1949

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