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Euro Cup

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Euro Cup

For other uses, see European Championship in football.

UEFA European Championship
Founded 1960
Region Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams 53 (qualifiers)
16 (finals)
Current champions  Spain (3rd title)
Most successful team(s)  Germany
 Spain
(3 titles each)
Website Official website

The UEFA European Championship (or UEFA Euro) is the primary association football competition contested by the senior men's national teams of the members of the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the sport's European governing body. Held every four years since 1960, in the even-numbered year between World Cup tournaments, it was originally called the UEFA European Nations Cup, changing to the current name in 1968. Starting with the 1996 tournament, specific championships are often referred to in the form "Euro 2012" or whichever year is appropriate.

Prior to entering the tournament all teams other than the host nations (which qualify automatically) compete in a qualifying process. The championship winners earn the opportunity to compete in the following FIFA Confederations Cup, but are not obliged to do so.[1]

The 14 European Championship tournaments have been won by nine different national teams: Germany and Spain each have won three titles, France has two titles, and Soviet Union, Italy, Czechoslovakia, Netherlands, Denmark and Greece have won one title each. To date, Spain are the only side in history to have won consecutive titles, doing so in the 2008 and 2012 editions.

The most recent championship, co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine in 2012, was won by Spain, who beat Italy 4–0 at the final in Kiev. The next European Championship will be hosted in France.[2]

History

Beginnings

The idea for a pan-European football tournament was first proposed by the French Football Federation's secretary-general Henri Delaunay in 1927, but it was not until 1958 that the tournament was started—three years after Delaunay's death.[3][4] In honour of Delaunay, the trophy awarded to the champions is named after him.[5] The 1960 tournament, held in France, had four teams competing in the finals out of 17 that entered the competition.[6] It was won by the Soviet Union, beating Yugoslavia 2–1 in a tense final in Paris.[7] Spain withdrew from its quarter-final match against the USSR due to political protests.[8] Of the 17 teams that entered the qualifying tournament, notable absentees were England, Holland, West Germany and Italy.[9]

Spain held the next tournament in 1964, which saw an increase in entries to the qualification tournament, with 29 entering;[10] West Germany was a notable absentee once again and Greece withdrew after being drawn against Albania, with whom they were still at war.[11] The hosts beat the title holders, the Soviet Union, 2–1 at the Santiago Bernabéu Stadium in Madrid.[12]

The tournament format stayed the same for the 1968 tournament, hosted and won by Italy.[13][14] For the first and only time a match was decided on a coin toss (the semi-final against the Soviet Union)[15] and the final went to a replay, after the match against Yugoslavia finished 1–1.[16] Italy won the replay 2–0.[17] More teams entered this tournament (31), a testament to its burgeoning popularity.[18]

Belgium hosted the 1972 tournament, which West Germany won, beating the USSR 3–0 in the final, with goals coming from Gerd Müller (twice) and Herbert Wimmer at the Heysel Stadium in Brussels.[19] This tournament would provide a taste of things to come, as the German side contained many of the key members of the 1974 FIFA World Cup Champions.[20][21]

The 1976 tournament in Yugoslavia was the last in which only four teams took part in the final tournament, and the last in which the hosts had to qualify. Czechoslovakia beat West Germany in the newly introduced penalty shootout. After seven successful conversions, Uli Hoeneß missed, leaving Czechoslovakian Antonín Panenka with the opportunity to score and win the tournament. An "audacious" chipped shot,[22] described by UEFA as "perhaps the most famous spot kick of all time" secured the victory as Czechoslovakia won 5–3 on penalties.[23]

Expansion to 8 teams

The competition was expanded to eight teams in the 1980 tournament, again hosted by Italy. It involved a group stage, with the winners of the groups going on to contest the final, and the runners-up playing in the third place play-off.[24] West Germany won their second European title by beating Belgium 2–1, with two goals scored by Horst Hrubesch at the Stadio Olimpico in Rome.[25] Horst Hrubesch scored early in the first half before René Vandereycken equalised for Belgium with a penalty in the second half. With two minutes remaining, Hrubesch headed West Germany into the lead from a Karl-Heinz Rummenigge corner, securing his country's second victory in the championship.[26]

France won their first major title at home in the 1984 tournament, with their captain Michel Platini scoring 9 goals in just 5 games, including the opening goal in the final, in which they beat Spain 2–0.[27][28] The format also changed, with the top two teams in each group going through to a semi-final stage, instead of the winners of each group going straight into the final. The third place playoff was also abolished.[29]

West Germany hosted UEFA Euro 1988, and the Netherlands beat the hosts—and traditional rivals—2–1 in the semi-finals, which sparked vigorous celebrations in the Netherlands.[30][31] The Netherlands went on to win the tournament, beating the USSR 2–0 at the Olympia Stadion in Munich,[32] a match in which Marco van Basten scored one of the most memorable goals in football history, a spectacular volley over the keeper from the right wing.[33]

UEFA Euro 1992 was held in Sweden, and was won by Denmark, who were only in the finals because UEFA did not allow Yugoslavia to participate as some of the states constituting the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia were at a state of war with each other.[34][35] The Danes beat holders the Netherlands on penalties in the semi-finals,[36] then defeated world champion Germany 2–0.[37] This was the first tournament in which a unified Germany took part and also the first major tournament to have the players' names printed on their backs.

Expansion to 16 teams

England hosted UEFA Euro 1996, the first tournament to use the nomenclature "Euro [year]" and would see the number of teams taking part double to 16.[38] The hosts, in a replay of the 1990 FIFA World Cup semi-final, were knocked out on penalties by Germany,[39] who would go on to win in the Final 2–1 against the newly formed Czech Republic thanks to the first golden goal ever in a major tournament, scored by Oliver Bierhoff.[40][41] This was Germany's first title as a unified nation.

UEFA Euro 2000 was the first tournament to be held by two countries, in the Netherlands and Belgium.[42] France, the reigning World Cup champions, were favoured to win, and they lived up to expectations when they beat Italy 2–1 after extra time, having come from being 1–0 down: Sylvain Wiltord equalized in the very last minute of the game and David Trezeguet scored the winner in extra time.[43]

UEFA Euro 2004, like 1992, produced an upset: Greece, who had only qualified for one World Cup (1994) and one European Championship (1980) before, beat hosts Portugal 1–0 in the final (after having also beaten them in the opening game) with a goal scored by Angelos Charisteas in the 57th minute to win a tournament that they had been given odds of 150–1 to win before it began.[44] On their way to the Final, they also beat holders France[45] as well as the Czech Republic with a silver goal,[46][47] a rule which replaced the previous golden goal in 2003, before being abolished itself shortly after this tournament.[48]

The 2008 tournament, hosted by Austria and Switzerland, marked the second time that two nations co-hosted and the first edition where the new trophy was awarded.[49] It commenced on 7 June and finished on 29 June.[50] The Final between Germany and Spain was held at the Ernst Happel Stadion in Vienna.[51] Spain defeated Germany 1–0, with a goal scored by Fernando Torres in the 33rd minute, sparking much celebration across the country.[52] This is their first title since the 1964 tournament. Spain were the highest scoring team with 12 goals scored and David Villa finished as the top scorer with four goals. Xavi was awarded the player of the tournament, and nine Spanish players were picked for the UEFA Euro 2008 Team of the Tournament.[53]

The UEFA Euro 2012 tournament was co-hosted by Poland and Ukraine.[54] Spain defeated Italy 4–0 in the final, thus becoming the first nation to defend a European Championship title and the first nation to win three major international tournaments in succession (Euro 2008, 2010 World Cup, Euro 2012).[55] In scoring the third goal of the Final, Fernando Torres became the first player to score in two European Championship finals. He was equal top scorer for the tournament with three goals in total, along with Mario Balotelli, Alan Dzagoev, Mario Gómez, Mario Mandžukić, and Cristiano Ronaldo, despite only being used as a substitute player. The tournament was otherwise notable for having the most headed goals in a Euro tournament (26 out of 76 goals in total); a disallowed goal in the England versus Ukraine group game which replays showed had crossed the goal line, and which prompted President of FIFA Sepp Blatter to tweet, "GLT (Goal-line technology) is no longer an alternative but a necessity,"[56] thus reversing his long-held reluctance to embrace such technology; and some crowd violence in group games.

Expansion to 24 teams

The UEFA Euro 2016 tournament will be hosted by France, where 24 teams will play in this tournament.[57]

Although preliminary preparation of bids from Turkey, Republic of Ireland-Wales-Scotland and Azerbaijan-Georgia to host Euro 2020 had occurred, it was announced in December 2012 that the tournament would be hosted in cities across several European countries.

Trophy

Old trophy, 1960-2004
160px
New trophy, 2008-present

The Henri Delaunay Trophy, which is awarded to the winner of the European Championship, is named in honour of Henri Delaunay, the first General Secretary of UEFA, who came up with the idea of a European championship but died five years prior to the first tournament in 1960. His son, Pierre, was in charge of creating the trophy.[58] Since the first tournament it has been awarded to the winning team for them to keep for four years, until the next tournament.

For the 2008 tournament, the trophy was slightly remodelled to make it larger. The new trophy, which is made of sterling silver, now weighs 8 kilograms (18 lb) and is 60 centimetres (24 in) tall, being seven inches longer and one pound heavier than the old one. A small figure juggling a ball on the back of the original was removed, as was the marble plinth. The silver base of the trophy had to be enlarged to make it stable. The names of the winning countries that had appeared on the plinth have now been engraved on the back of the trophy.[59] This version of the trophy has only ever been won by one team, Spain up to date.

Format

The competition

Before 1980, only four teams qualified for the final tournament. From 1980, eight teams competed. In 1996 the tournament expanded to 16 teams, since it was easier for European nations to qualify for the World Cup than their own continental championship; 14 of the 24 teams at the 1982, 1986 and 1990 World Cups had been European, whereas the European Championship finals still involved only eight teams.

For 2016, the competition will increase to 24 teams. In 2007, there was much discussion about an expansion of the tournament to 24 teams, started by Scotland and the Republic of Ireland, due to the increased number of football associations in Europe after the breakups of Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union, and the inclusion of Israel and Kazakhstan. The new president of UEFA, Michel Platini, was reported to be in favour of expansion which proved an accurate assumption. Whilst on 17 April 2007, UEFA's Executive Committee formally decided against expansion in 2012, Platini indicated in June 2008 that UEFA will increase participation from 16 to 24 teams in future tournaments, starting from 2016.[60] On 25 September, it was announced by Franz Beckenbauer that an agreement had been reached, and the expansion to 24 teams would be officially announced the next day.[61]

The competing teams are chosen by a series of qualifying games: in 1960 and 1964 through home and away play-offs; from 1968 through a combination of both qualifying groups and play-off games. The host country was selected from the four finalists after they were determined through qualifying.

Since the expansion of the final tournament starting from 1980, the host country, or countries, have been chosen beforehand and qualify automatically.

Qualifying

In order to qualify, a team must finish in one of the qualifying spots or win a play-off. After this a team proceeds to the finals round in the host country, although hosts qualify for the tournament automatically. The qualifying phase begins in the autumn after the preceding FIFA World Cup, almost two years before the finals.

The groups for qualification are drawn by a UEFA committee using seeding. Seeded teams include reigning champions, and other teams on the basis of their performance in the preceding FIFA World Cup qualifying and the last European Championship qualifying. To obtain an accurate view of the teams abilities, a ranking is produced. This is calculated by taking the total number of points won by a particular team and dividing it by the number of games played, i.e. points per game. In the case of a team having hosted one of the two previous competitions and therefore having qualified automatically, only the results from the single most recent qualifying competition are used. If two teams have equal points per game, the committee then bases their positions in the rankings on:

  1. Coefficient from the matches played in its most recent qualifying competition.
  2. Average goal difference.
  3. Average number of goals scored.
  4. Average number of away goals scored.
  5. Drawing of lots.

The qualifying phase is played in a group format, the composition of the groups is determined through means of a draw of teams from pre-defined seeded bowls. The draw takes place after the preceding World Cup's qualifying competition. For UEFA Euro 2012, the group qualifying phase consists of nine groups; six of six teams and the remainder of five teams each.

Each group is played in a league format with teams playing each other home and away. Teams then either qualify for the final tournament or to further playoffs depending on their position in the group. As with most leagues, the points are awarded as three for a win, one for a draw, and none for a loss. In the eventuality of one or more teams having equal points after all matches have been played, the following criteria are used to distinguish the sides:

  1. Higher number of points obtained in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  2. Superior goal difference from the group matches played among the teams in question.
  3. Higher number of goals scored in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  4. Higher number of goals scored away from home in the group matches played among the teams in question.
  5. Results of all group matches:
    1. Superior goal difference
    2. Higher number of goals scored
    3. Higher number of goals scored away from home
    4. Fair play conduct.
  6. Drawing of lots.

Final tournament

Sixteen teams progress to the final tournament; for the 2012 tournament, they were joint hosts Poland and Ukraine, the winners and the highest ranked second placed team from the nine qualifying groups as well as the winners of four play-off matches between the runners-up of the other groups. These sixteen teams are divided equally into four groups, A, B, C and D, each consisting of four teams. The groups are drawn up by the UEFA administration, again using seeding. The seeded teams being the host nations, the reigning champions, subject to qualification, and those with the best points per game coefficients over the qualifying phase of the tournament and the previous World Cup qualifying. Other finalists will be assigned to by means of a draw, using coefficients as a basis.

The four groups are again played in a league format, where a team plays its opponents once each. The same points system is used (three points for a win, one point for a draw, no points for a defeat). A schedule for the group matches will be drawn up, but the last two matches in a group must kick off simultaneously. The winner and runner-up of each group progresses to the quarter-finals, where a knockout system is used (the two teams play each other once, the winner progresses), this is used in all subsequent rounds as well. The winners of the quarter-finals matches progress to the semi-finals, where the winners play in the final. If in any of the knockout rounds, the scores are still equal after normal playing time, extra time and penalties are employed to separate the two teams. Unlike the FIFA World Cup, this tournament no longer has a third place playoff.

Future

Bids for future tournaments

Main articles: UEFA Euro 2016 bids and UEFA Euro 2020 bids

On 28 May 2010, UEFA announced that Euro 2016 will be hosted by France. France beat bids of Turkey (7–6 in voting in second voting round) and Italy, which had the least votes in first voting round.[62] UEFA Euro 2016 will be the first to have 24 teams in the finals.[63] This will be the third time France have hosted the competition.

For the 2020 tournament three bids had been proposed:

In December 2012, however, UEFA announced that the 2020 tournament would be hosted in several cities in various countries across Europe.[67]

Results

Year Host Final Third place match Number of teams
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1960
Details
 France
Soviet Union
2–1
aet

Yugoslavia

Czechoslovakia
2–0
France
4
1964
Details
 Spain
Spain
2–1
Soviet Union

Hungary
3–1
aet

Denmark
4
1968
Details
 Italy
Italy
1–1 aet
2–0 replay

Yugoslavia

England
2–0
Soviet Union
4
1972
Details
 Belgium
West Germany
3–0
Soviet Union

Belgium
2–1
Hungary
4
1976
Details
 Yugoslavia
Czechoslovakia
2–2 aet
(5–3) ps

West Germany

Netherlands
3–2
aet

Yugoslavia
4
1980
Details
 Italy
West Germany
2–1
Belgium

Czechoslovakia
1–1[n 1]
(9–8) ps

Italy
8
Year Host Final Losing semi-finalists[n 2] Number of teams
Winner Score Runner-up
1984
Details
 France
France
2–0
Spain
 Denmark and  Portugal 8
1988
Details
 West Germany
Netherlands
2–0
Soviet Union
 Italy and  West Germany 8
1992
Details
 Sweden
Denmark
2–0
Germany
 Netherlands and  Sweden 8
1996
Details
 England
Germany
2–1
asdet

Czech Republic
 England and  France 16
2000
Details
 Belgium &
 Netherlands

France
2–1
asdet

Italy
 Netherlands and  Portugal 16
2004
Details
 Portugal
Greece
1–0
Portugal
 Czech Republic and  Netherlands 16
2008
Details
 Austria &
  Switzerland

Spain
1–0
Germany
 Russia and  Turkey 16
2012
Details
 Poland &
 Ukraine

Spain
4–0
Italy
 Germany and  Portugal 16
Notes


Teams reaching the final

Team Titles Runners-up Finalists
 Germany 3 (19721, 19801, 1996) 3 (19761, 1992, 2008) 6
 Spain 3 (1964*, 2008, 2012) 1 (1984) 4
 France 2 (1984*, 2000) 2
 Soviet Union 1 (1960) 3 (1964, 1972, 1988) 4
 Italy 1 (1968*) 2 (2000, 2012) 3
 Czech Republic 1 (19762) 1 (1996) 2
 Netherlands 1 (1988) 1
 Denmark 1 (1992) 1
 Greece 1 (2004) 1
 Yugoslavia 2 (1960, 1968) 2
 Belgium 1 (1980) 1
 Portugal 1 (2004*) 1
* hosts
1 as West Germany

Players records and statistics

Main article: List of UEFA European Championship records

Rainer Bonhof is the only player with three medals, and one of twelve players with two winners medals. He was in the West Germany squad in 1972 (winners), 1976 (runners-up), and 1980 (winners). He played in a final match only in 1976.

The following have played in two final matches:

The following players have won two tournaments:

Goalscorers

Overall top goalscorers (finals tournaments)

Rank Player Appearances Goals
1 France Michel Platini 5 (1984) 9
2 England Alan Shearer 9 (1992, 1996, 2000) 7
3 Netherlands Ruud van Nistelrooy 8 (2004, 2008) 6
Netherlands Patrick Kluivert 9 (1996, 2000, 2004) 6
Sweden Zlatan Ibrahimović 10 (2004, 2008, 2012) 6
France Thierry Henry 12 (2000, 2004, 2008) 6
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo 14 (2004, 2008, 2012) 6
Portugal Nuno Gomes 14 (2000, 2004, 2008) 6
9 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Savo Milošević 4 (2000) 5
England Wayne Rooney 6 (2004, 2012) 5
Netherlands Marco van Basten 9 (1988, 1992) 5
Czech Republic Milan Baroš 11 (2004, 2008, 2012) 5
Germany Jürgen Klinsmann 13 (1988, 1992, 1996) 5
Spain Fernando Torres 13 (2004, 2008, 2012) 5
France Zinedine Zidane 14 (1996, 2000, 2004) 5

Still active players in Bold

Top scorers by tournament

Year Player Maximum
matches
Goals
1960 France François Heutte
Soviet Union Valentin Ivanov
Soviet Union Viktor Ponedelnik
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Galić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dražan Jerković
2 2
1964 Spain Jesús María Pereda
Hungary Ferenc Bene
Hungary Dezső Novák
2 2
1968 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragan Džajić 2 2
1972 West Germany Gerd Müller 2 4
1976 West Germany Dieter Müller 2 4
1980 West Germany Klaus Allofs 4 3
1984 France Michel Platini 5 9
1988 Netherlands Marco van Basten 5 5
1992 Denmark Henrik Larsen
Germany Karl-Heinz Riedle
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp
Sweden Tomas Brolin
5 3
1996 England Alan Shearer 6 5
2000 Netherlands Patrick Kluivert
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Savo Milošević
6 5
2004 Czech Republic Milan Baroš 6 5
2008 Spain David Villa 6 4
2012 Croatia Mario Mandžukić
Germany Mario Gómez
Italy Mario Balotelli
Portugal Cristiano Ronaldo
Russia Alan Dzagoev
Spain Fernando Torres
6 3

Hat-tricks

A hat-trick is achieved when the same player scores three goals in one match. Listed in chronological order.

Sequence
Player Tournament No. of
goals
Time of goals Representing Final
score
Opponent Round Date
1 Müller, DieterDieter Müller Euro 1976 3 82', 115' (e.t.), 119'(e.t.)  West Germany Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/04–2  Yugoslavia 3 Semi-finals Template:Dts/out0
2 Allofs, KlausKlaus Allofs Euro 1980 3 20', 60', 65'  West Germany Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/03–2  Netherlands 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0
3 Platini, MichelMichel Platini Euro 1984 3 4', 74', 89'  France Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/05–0  Belgium 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0
4 Platini, MichelMichel Platini Euro 1984 3 59', 62', 77'  France Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/03–2  Yugoslavia 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0
5 van Basten, MarcoMarco van Basten Euro 1988 3 44', 71', 75'  Netherlands Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/03–1  England 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0
6 Conceição, SérgioSérgio Conceição Euro 2000 3 35', 54', 71'  Portugal Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/03–0  Germany 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0
7 Kluivert, PatrickPatrick Kluivert Euro 2000 3 24', 38', 54'  Netherlands Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/06–1  FR Yugoslavia 4 Quarter-finals Template:Dts/out0
8 Villa, DavidDavid Villa Euro 2008 3 20', 44', 75'  Spain Template:Number table sorting/Qyes/04–1  Russia 6 Group stage Template:Dts/out0

Team summary

Participation details

  • Participation by year of debut (every edition of the tournament has featured a nation making its debut)
    • 1960: Czechoslovakia, France, Soviet Union, Yugoslavia
    • 1964: Denmark, Hungary, Spain
    • 1968: England, Italy
    • 1972: Belgium, Germany
    • 1976: Netherlands
    • 1980: Greece
    • 1984: Portugal, Romania
    • 1988: Republic of Ireland
    • 1992: Sweden, Scotland
    • 1996: Bulgaria, Croatia, Switzerland, Turkey
    • 2000: Norway, Slovenia
    • 2004: Latvia
    • 2008: Austria, Poland
    • 2012: Ukraine


Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place (not determined after 1980)
  • 4th – Fourth place (not determined after 1980)
  • SF – Semi-finals (since 1984)
  • QF – Quarter-finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • Q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew from the European Championship / Banned
  •    — Hosts

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team 1960
(4)
1964
(4)
1968
(4)
1972
(4)
1976
(4)
1980
(8)
1984
(8)
1988
(8)
1992
(8)
1996
(16)
2000
(16)
2004
(16)
2008
(16)
2012
(16)
Years
 Austria GS 1
 Belgium × 3rd 2nd GS GS 4
 Bulgaria GS GS 2
 Croatia Part of  Yugoslavia QF GS QF GS 4
 Czech Republic3 3rd 1st 3rd 2nd GS SF GS QF 8
 Denmark 4th SF GS 1st GS GS QF GS 8
 England × 3rd GS GS GS SF GS QF QF 8
 France 4th 1st GS SF 1st QF GS QF 8
 Germany1 × × 1st 2nd 1st GS SF 2nd 1st GS GS 2nd SF 11
 Greece × GS 1st GS QF 4
 Hungary 3rd 4th 2
 Republic of Ireland GS GS 2
 Italy × 1st 4th SF GS 2nd GS QF 2nd 8
 Latvia Part of  Soviet Union GS 1
 Netherlands × 3rd GS 1st SF QF SF SF QF GS 9
 Norway GS 1
 Poland GS GS 2
 Portugal SF QF SF 2nd QF SF 6
 Romania GS GS QF GS 4
 Russia2 1st 2nd 4th 2nd 2nd GS GS GS SF GS 10
 Scotland × × GS GS 2
 Serbia4 2nd 2nd 4th GS × [68] × QF 5
 Slovenia Part of  Yugoslavia GS 1
 Spain × 1st GS 2nd GS QF QF GS 1st 1st 9
 Sweden × SF GS QF GS GS 5
  Switzerland GS GS GS 3
 Turkey GS QF SF 3
 Ukraine Part of  Soviet Union GS 1
1 Includes five appearances as West Germany
2 Includes five appearances as the Soviet Union and one as the CIS
3 Includes three appearances as Czechoslovakia
4 Includes five appearances as Yugoslavia

Statistics

As of 2 July 2012.
Team P W D L GF GA GD
 West Germany (1972–1988)
 Germany (1992–present)
43 23 10 10 65 45 +20
 Spain 36 17 11 8 50 32 +18
 Netherlands 35 17 8 10 57 37 +20
 France 32 15 8 9 49 39 +10
 Portugal 28 15 5 8 40 26 +14
 Italy 33 13 15 5 33 25 +8
 Czechoslovakia (1960–1980)
 Czech Republic (1996–present)
29 13 5 11 40 38 +2
 Soviet Union (1960–1988)
 CIS (1992)
 Russia (1996–present)
30 12 6 12 36 39 −3
 England 27 9 9 9 36 31 +5
 Denmark 27 7 6 14 30 43 −13
 Croatia 14 6 4 4 18 16 +2
 Sweden 17 5 5 7 24 21 +3
 Greece 16 5 3 8 14 20 −6
 Belgium 12 4 2 6 13 20 −7
 Turkey 12 3 2 7 11 18 −7
 SFR Yugoslavia (1960–1984)
 FR Yugoslavia (2000)
14 3 2 9 22 39 −17
 Scotland 6 2 1 3 4 5 −1
 Romania 13 1 4 8 8 17 −9
  Switzerland 9 1 2 6 5 13 −8
 Norway 3 1 1 1 1 1 0
 Republic of Ireland 6 1 1 4 3 11 –8
 Bulgaria 6 1 1 4 4 13 −9
 Ukraine 3 1 0 2 2 4 –2
 Hungary 4 1 0 3 5 6 −1
 Poland 6 0 3 3 3 7 −4
 Slovenia 3 0 2 1 4 5 −1
 Austria 3 0 1 2 1 3 −2
 Latvia 3 0 1 2 1 5 −4

Tounament statistics

Total and average goals

Year Teams Matches Goals Top scorer Average goals
1960 4 4 17 2 4.25
1964 4 4 13 2 3.25
1968 4 5 7 2 1.40
1972 4 4 10 4 2.50
1976 4 4 19 4 4.75
1980 8 14 27 3 1.93
1984 8 15 41 9 2.73
1988 8 15 34 5 2.27
1992 8 15 32 3 2.13
1996 16 31 64 5 2.06
2000 16 31 85 5 2.74
2004 16 31 77 5 2.48
2008 16 31 77 4 2.48
2012 16 31 76 3 2.45

Most Goals and Highest Top Scorer in bold
Most and Fewest Avg in bold

Attendance

Year Matches Attendance Lowest att. Highest att. Average
1960 4 78,958  Czechoslovakia France 3rd-place play-off 9,438  France Yugoslavia Semi-finals 26,370 19,740
1964 4 156,253  Hungary Denmark 3rd-place play-off 3,869  Spain Soviet Union Final 79,115 39,063
1968 5 299,233  Yugoslavia England Semi-finals 21,834  Italy Yugoslavia Final 85,000 59,847
1972 4 121,880  Hungary Belgium 3rd-place play-off 10,000  Belgium West Germany Semi-finals 55,669 30,470
1976 4 106,087  Netherlands Yugoslavia 3rd-place play-off 6,766  Yugoslavia West Germany Semi-finals 50,562 26,522
1980 14 345,463  Greece Czechoslovakia Group stage 4,726  England Italy Group stage 59,646 24,676
1984 15 597,639  Romania Spain Group stage 17,102  France Portugal Semi-finals 54,848 39,843
1988 15 888,645  Republic of Ireland Soviet Union Group stage 38,308  Soviet Union Netherlands Final 72,308 59,243
1992 15 430,111  Scotland CIS Group stage 14,660  Denmark Germany Final 37,800 28,674
1996 31 1,276,137  Bulgaria Romania Group stage 19,107  Scotland England Group stage 76,864 41,166
2000 31 1,122,833  FR Yugoslavia Slovenia Group stage 16,478  Italy -  Netherlands Semi-finals 51,300 36,220
2004 31 1,156,473  Italy Bulgaria Group stage 16,002  Portugal England Quarterfinals 65,000 37,306
2008 31 1,140,902  Turkey Czech Republic Group stage 23,871  Germany Spain Final 51,428 36,803
2012 31 1,440,896  Denmark Portugal Group stage 31,840  Sweden England Group Stage 64,640 46,479

Winning coaches

Year Head coach Champions
1960 Soviet Union Gavriil Kachalin  Soviet Union
1964 Spain José Villalonga  Spain
1968 Italy Ferruccio Valcareggi  Italy
1972 West Germany Helmut Schön  West Germany
1976 Czechoslovakia Václav Ježek  Czechoslovakia
1980 West Germany Jupp Derwall  West Germany
1984 France Michel Hidalgo  France
1988 Netherlands Rinus Michels  Netherlands
1992 Denmark Richard Møller Nielsen  Denmark
1996 Germany Berti Vogts  Germany
2000 France Roger Lemerre  France
2004 Germany Otto Rehhagel  Greece
2008 Spain Luis Aragonés  Spain
2012 Spain Vicente del Bosque  Spain

See also

References

External links

  • Union of European Football Associations
  • UEFA European Football Championship history at Union of European Football Associations

Template:UEFA Euro winners

Template:European Championships Template:UEFA competitions

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