World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Félix Gouin

Article Id: WHEBN0000585240
Reproduction Date:

Title: Félix Gouin  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Georges Bidault, Charles de Gaulle, Vincent Auriol, Léon Blum, Jacques Chaban-Delmas
Collection: 1884 Births, 1977 Deaths, French Military Personnel of World War I, French Section of the Workers' International Politicians, Government Ministers of France, Grand Croix of the Légion D'Honneur, Heads of State of France, Members of the Chamber of Deputies of the French Third Republic, Members of the Constituent Assembly of France (1945), Members of the Constituent Assembly of France (1946), Members of the National Assembly of the French Fourth Republic, People from Bouches-Du-Rhône, Politicians from Provence-Alpes-Côte D'Azur, Recipients of the Grand Decoration with Sash for Services to the Republic of Austria
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Félix Gouin

Felix Gouin
President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic
In office
26 January 1946 – 24 June 1946
Deputy Maurice Thorez
Francisque Gay
Preceded by Charles de Gaulle
Succeeded by Georges Bidault
President of the Constituent National Assembly
In office
8 November 1945 – 22 January 1946
President Charles de Gaulle
Preceded by Himself (Consultative Assembly)
Édouard Herriot (1940)
Succeeded by Vincent Auriol
President of the Consultative Assembly
In office
9 November 1943 – 8 November 1945
President Charles de Gaulle
Succeeded by Himself (Constituent Assembly)
Personal details
Born 4 October 1884
Peypin, France
Died 25 October 1977(1977-10-25) (aged 93)
Nice, France
Nationality French
Political party Socialist

Félix Gouin (French: ; 1884–1977) was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).


  • Personal life 1
  • Honours and awards 2
  • Government (26 January – 24 June 1946) 3
  • References 4

Personal life

Félix Gouin was born in Peypin, Bouches-du-Rhône, the son of school teachers. He studied law in Aix-en-Provence.

In 1940 he was among the minority of parliamentarians refusing to grant full powers to Marshal Philippe Pétain.

During the war, he was part of the central committee which reconstituted the Human Rights League and also co-founded the Brutus Network, a Socialist Resistance group.

In 1946, he then succeeded Charles de Gaulle as head of the French Provisional Government. Gouin's tenure was arguably most notable for seeing the enactment of France’s first ever compulsory, amply funded retirement and worker’s compensation laws.[1] In addition, both the 40-hour law and overtime pay were re-established, while the comites d'entreprise (works councils) were extended to firms with 50 workers.[2] In April 1946, a statute was adopted by the French Parliament that abolished the colonial legal status of France’s four oldest colonies: Reunion, Guyane, Martinique, and Guadeloupe.[3] Gouin's time in office also witnessed a significant extension of the role of the state in the workings of the French economy, with electricity, gas, coal, and the nine main insurance groups nationalized during Gouin's time in office.[4]

Honours and awards

Government (26 January – 24 June 1946)


  1. ^ Hicks, Alexander (1999). Social Democracy and Welfare Capitalism: A Century of Income Security Politics. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.  
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ A History of the Twentieth Century: Volume Two: 1933-1951 by Martin Gilbert
  5. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 38. Retrieved 2 October 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles de Gaulle
Chairman of the Provisional Government of France
Succeeded by
Georges Bidault
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.