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Federal city

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Title: Federal city  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bern, History of Bern, Bonn, Capital city, Federal cities of Russia
Collection: Bern, Bonn
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Federal city

The term Federal city (Bundesstadt in German) is a title for certain cities in Germany, Switzerland, the Russian Federation, and the United States.

In Germany, the former capital Bonn has been designated as a federal city. Since April 28, 1994, it is the second official residence of the President of Germany, the Chancellor of Germany, the Bundesrat (upper house), the first official residence of six federal ministries, and approximately 20 federal authorities. For Bonn, Bern etc. this is merely a title, since Bonn is like many other German cities an independent city, but part of a state.

Federal City is also the official title of Bern as it is the seat of the Swiss parliament and government. Russia also has three federal cities, Moscow, St. Petersburg, and (de facto) Sevastopol.

Historically, Washington, D.C. has been called the "Federal City".

Some national capitals, like Washington, Canberra, Mexico City, Astana, Buenos Aires, Bogota, Caracas, Seoul, Jakarta, and Brasilia, among others, have a federal status, not belonging to any state or province (or being a state or province of their own, as is the case of Oslo, Moscow, and other cities. Sometimes this is called a federal district.

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