World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Ferdinand I of Portugal

Ferdinand I
Engraving of Ferdinand; Pedro Perret, 1603.
King of Portugal and the Algarve
Reign 18 January 1367 – 22 October 1383
Predecessor Peter I
Successor John I
King of Castile (in Galicia)
In opposition to Henry II
Reign 1369 – 1371
Predecessor Peter I
Successor Henry II
Born 31 October 1345 (1345-10-31)
Coimbra, Kingdom of Portugal
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 37)
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Burial Carmo Convent, Lisbon, District of Lisbon, Portugal
Spouse Leonor Telles de Meneses
Issue
among others...
Beatrice of Portugal
House House of Burgundy
Father Peter I
Mother Constance of Peñafiel
Religion Roman Catholicism

Dom Ferdinand I (Portuguese: Fernando;[1] 31 October 1345 – 22 October 1383), sometimes called the Handsome (o Formoso or o Belo ) or occasionally the Inconstant (o Inconstante), was the King of Portugal and the Algarve from 1367 until his death.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Marriages and descendants 2
  • Ancestry 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Life

Ferdinand was born in Coimbra, the second but eldest surviving son of Peter I and his wife, Constance of Castile.[2] On the death of Peter of Castile in 1369, Ferdinand, as great-grandson of Sancho IV by the female line, laid claim to the vacant Castilian throne. The kings of Aragon and Navarre, and later John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, who had married Peter of Castile's eldest daughter, Constance, also claimed the throne.

The throne was held by Henry of Trastámara (Henry II of Castile), Peter of Castile's illegitimate brother, who had defeated him in the Castilian Civil War in 1366 and assumed the crown. After one or two indecisive campaigns, all parties were ready to accept the mediation of Pope Gregory XI. The conditions of the treaty, ratified in 1371, included a marriage between Ferdinand and Leonora of Castile. But before the union could take place Ferdinand had become passionately attached to Leonor Telles de Meneses, the wife of one of his own courtiers. Having procured a dissolution of her previous marriage, he lost no time in making Leonor his queen.[2]

The Funeral of D. Fernando from the Chronique d' Angleterre; Jean de Wavrin, late 14th century.

This conduct, although it raised a serious insurrection in Portugal, did not at once result in a war with Henry. However, the outward concord was soon disturbed by intrigues with the Duke of Lancaster, who entered into a secret treaty with Ferdinand for the expulsion of Henry from his throne. The war which followed was unsuccessful; and peace was again made in 1373.

On the death of Henry in 1379, the Duke of Lancaster once more put forward his claims, and again found an ally in Portugal. According to the Continental annalists, the English proved as offensive to their allies as to their enemies in the field. So Ferdinand made a peace for himself at Badajoz in 1382. It stipulated that Beatrice, Ferdinand's daughter and heiress, would marry King John I of Castile, and thus secure the ultimate union of the two crowns.

Ferdinand left no male heir when he died at Lisbon on 22 October 1383, and the direct Burgundian line, which had been in possession of the throne since the days of Count Henry (about 1112), became extinct. The stipulations of the treaty of Badajoz were set aside, and John, Grand Master of the order of Aviz, Ferdinand's illegitimate brother, claimed the throne. This led to a period of war and political indefinition known as the 1383-1385 Crisis. John became the first king of the House of Aviz in 1385.

Marriages and descendants

Fernando married Leonor Telles (or Teles) de Meneses, formerly the wife of the late nobleman João Lourenço da Cunha, Lord of Pombeiro, and daughter of Martim Afonso Telo de Meneses. She bore him two sons, who both died young, and one daughter.

Name Birth Death Notes
By Leonor Telles de Meneses (c. 1340- 27 April 1386; married in 1371)
Infanta Beatriz 1372 1408 Heiress of her father. Married King John (Juan) I of Castile.
Infante Pedro (Peter) 1370 or 1380 1370 or 1380  
Infante Afonso 1371 or 1382 1371 or 1382  
Illegitimate offspring
Isabel of Portugal 1364 1395 Countess of Gijón and Noreña through marriage to Alfonso Enríquez, Count of Gijón and Noroña, illegitimate son of Henry II of Castile.

Ancestry

Bibliography

  • García Oro, José (1987): Galicia en los siglos XIV y XV. Fundación "Pedro Barrie de la Maza, Conde de Fenosa", A Coruña. ISBN 84-85728-59-9. (Spanish)

References

  1. ^ Portuguese pronunciation: 
  2. ^ a b , Graeme Mercer Adam ed., J. D. Morris, 1906Spain and Portugal

External links

Ferdinand I of Portugal
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 8 April 1320 Died: 18 January 1367
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Peter I of Portugal
King of Portugal and the Algarve
1367–1383
Succeeded by
John I of Portugal
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Peter I of Castile
King of Castile (in Galicia)
In opposition to Henry II

1369–1371
Succeeded by
Henry II of Castile
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.