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Foreign relations of Botswana

 

Foreign relations of Botswana

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Botswana

United Nations and the African Union. Botswana is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

Botswana has a small number of diplomatic missions abroad.

Contents

  • Bilateral Relations 1
    • Guinea-Bissau 1.1
    • Israel 1.2
    • Namibia 1.3
    • Pakistan 1.4
    • Russia 1.5
  • Bilateral Relations 2
    • Guinea-Bissau 2.1
    • Israel 2.2
    • Namibia 2.3
    • Pakistan 2.4
    • Russia 2.5
    • Samoa 2.6
    • South Africa 2.7
    • United Kingdom 2.8
    • United States 2.9
      • Principal U.S. Officials 2.9.1
      • Diplomatic missions 2.9.2
    • Zimbabwe 2.10
  • Botswana and the Commonwealth of Nations 3
  • Notes 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Bilateral Relations

Guinea-Bissau

Botswana and Guinea-Bissau established diplomatic relations on 22 March 2010.[1]

Israel

Namibia

Botswana–Namibia relations are friendly, with the two neighbouring countries cooperating on economic development. Botswana gained independence from Britain in September 1966. Namibia gained independence from South Africa in 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence. Botswana has a high commission in Windhoek.[2] Namibia has a high commission in Gaborone.[3]

Pakistan

Russia

Botswana–Russia relations

Botswana

Russia

Botswana and the Soviet Union initiated diplomatic relations on March 6, 1970. Despite its pro-Western orientation, Botswana participated in the 1980 Summer Olympics. The present-day relations between the two countries are described as friendly and long standing. In March, the two countries also celebrated the 35th anniversary of establishing diplomatic relations. According to the minister of Foreign Affairs, Russia was one of the first countries to establish full diplomatic relations with Botswana.[4]

Trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Botswana are stipulated by the Trade Agreement of 1987 and the Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation of 1988. The Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Botswana signed the Agreement on Cultural

United Nations and the African Union. Botswana is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

Botswana has a small number of diplomatic missions abroad.

Bilateral Relations

Guinea-Bissau

Botswana and Guinea-Bissau established diplomatic relations on 22 March 2010.[1]

Israel

Namibia

Botswana–Namibia relations are friendly, with the two neighbouring countries cooperating on economic development. Botswana gained independence from Britain in September 1966. Namibia gained independence from South Africa in 1990 following the Namibian War of Independence. Botswana has a high commission in Windhoek.[5] Namibia has a high commission in Gaborone.[6]

Pakistan

Russia

Botswana–Russia relations

Botswana

Russia

Botswana and the Soviet Union initiated diplomatic relations on March 6, 1970. Despite its pro-Western orientation, Botswana participated in the 1980 Summer Olympics. The present-day relations between the two countries are described as friendly and long standing. In March, the two countries also celebrated the 35th anniversary of establishing diplomatic relations. According to the minister of Foreign Affairs, Russia was one of the first countries to establish full diplomatic relations with Botswana.[7]

Trade and economic cooperation between Russia and Botswana are stipulated by the Trade Agreement of 1987 and the Agreement on Economic and Technical Cooperation of 1988. The Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Republic of Botswana signed the Agreement on Cultural, Scientific and Educational Cooperation in September 1999. Russia and Botswana have had fruitful cooperation in a variety of fields, particularly in human resource development. And Russia is still offering more scholarship in key sectors such as health, which is currently experiencing a critical shortage of manpower. Botswana also is one of the countries where Russian citizens do not require a visa.[8] Russia has an embassy in Gaborone, while Botswana covers Russia from its embassy in Stockholm (Sweden) and an honorary consulate in Moscow.

Samoa

Botswana and Samoa established diplomatic relations on 18 March 2010.[1]

South Africa

United Kingdom

United States

Botswana-United States relations
Map indicating locations of Botswana and USA

Botswana

United States
Embassy of Botswana in Washington, D.C.

The United States considers Botswana an advocate of and a model for stability in Africa and has been a major partner in Botswana's development since its independence. The U.S. Peace Corps returned to Botswana in August 2002 with a focus on HIV/AIDS-related programs after concluding 30 years of more broadly targeted assistance in 1997. Similarly, the USAID phased out a long-standing bilateral partnership with Botswana in 1996, after successful programs emphasizing education, training, entrepreneurship, environmental management, and reproductive health. Botswana, however, continues to benefit along with its neighbours in the region from USAID's Initiative for Southern Africa, now based in Pretoria, and USAID's Southern Africa Global Competitiveness Hub, headquartered in Gaborone. The United States International Board of Broadcasters (IBB) operates a major Voice of America (VOA) relay station in Botswana serving most of the African continent.

In 1995, the Gaborone. The academy, jointly financed, managed and staffed by the two nations, provides training to police and government officials from across the Sub-Saharan region. The academy's permanent campus, in Otse outside of Gaborone, opened March 2003. Over 3,000 law enforcement professionals from Sub-Saharan Africa have received training from ILEA since it began offering classes in 2001.

Principal U.S. Officials

  • Ambassador—Stephen J. Nolan
  • Deputy Chief of Mission—Philip R. Drouin
  • Office of Security Cooperation (previously Defence Cooperation)--LTC William M. Wyatt
  • Centres for Disease Control—Dr. Margarett Davis
  • International Board of Broadcasters—George Miller
  • International Law Enforcement Agency—Stan Moran
  • Peace Corps—Peggy McClure

Diplomatic missions

The U.S. Embassy is in Gaborone. OSC (previously ODC)is located at the embassy. CDC is located on Ditlhakore Way in Gaborone. ILEA is located in Otse, about 30 minutes outside Gaborone. The IBB station is located in Selebi-Phikwe, about 400 kilometres north-east of Gaborone.

Zimbabwe

Botswana still struggles to seal its border from thousands of Zimbabweans who flee economic collapse and political persecution. Due to Mugabe's policy toward White Africans, Botswana (along with the Czech Republic), Botswana's embassy in Harare is still operational.

Botswana and the Commonwealth of Nations

Botswana has been a Commonwealth republic since independence in 1966.

Notes

  1. ^ a b c "Botswana establishes relations with Samoa, Guinea Bissau" 30 March 2010 Link retrieved 1 April 2010
  2. ^ "Botswana High Commission Website in Namibia". Botswana Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  3. ^ "Namibia Embassy in Botswana". Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  4. ^ WE MUST EXPLOIT RUSSIA’S POTENTIAL
  5. ^ "Botswana High Commission Website in Namibia". Botswana Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  6. ^ "Namibia Embassy in Botswana". Retrieved 2009-07-14. 
  7. ^ WE MUST EXPLOIT RUSSIA’S POTENTIAL
  8. ^ Botswana-Russia relations

See also

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).[1]

External links

  • Embassy of the Russian Federation in Gaborone
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