World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

František Čelakovský

Article Id: WHEBN0008525140
Reproduction Date:

Title: František Čelakovský  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Czech literature, List of Czechs, Bohemian literature, Franc Serafin Metelko, František Škroup, Pavel Haas, List of Czech writers, Jernej Kopitar, History of Wrocław
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

František Čelakovský

František Ladislav Čelakovský
Jan Vilímek
Born (1799-03-07)7 March 1799
Strakonice, Austrian Empire
Died 5 August 1852(1852-08-05) (aged 53)
Prague, Austrian Empire
Resting place Olšany Cemetery
Pen name Marcian Hromotluk
Occupation Poet
Nationality Czech
Genres Sentimentalism
Notable work(s) Ohlas písní ruských
Ohlas písní českých
Spouse(s) Bohuslava Rajská
Children Ladislav Josef Čelakovský
Jaromír Čelakovský
Marie Čelakovská

František Ladislav Čelakovský (7 March 1799 in Strakonice – 5 August 1852 in Prague) was a Czech writer and translator.


Starting in 1812, he attended the secondary school in České Budějovice, then in Písek and finally studied philosophy in Prague. Due to financial difficulties, he had to go back to České Budějovice, but was soon excluded because of reading out works by Jan Hus. He then lived as a translator and educator. In 1830 he received an offer from Russia—to found and lead a Slavic library in Saint Petersburg along with Pavel Jozef Šafárik und Václav Hanka. However, Čelakovský soon received a pension from Prince Kinský. From 1833 onwards he was the editor of a newspaper in Prague, but was forced to leave it due to having published an article that criticized Russian Tsars. In 1838 he became librarian to the Kinský family. In 1841 he was appointed Professor of Slavonic Literature in Wrocław, and worked there until 1849, when he held the same position at the University of Prague.


He wrote several volumes of poetry, of which one of the best-known is Růže stolistá (The hundred-petalled rose).

Ohlasy písní ruských (Echoes of Russian songs) was inspired by Russian byliny. The hero is a rich, young and handsome man who rises above the masses by his bravery, and fights against evil in the name of the simple people. The story took place around the 15th century, when the Turks and Tartars attacked Russia.

Ohlasy písní českých (Echoes of Bohemian songs) was not about a heroic epic, but more about a satiric and lyrical love poem. Many of his books feature illustrations by Adolf Kašpar.

He published Bohemian, Moravian, and Slovak poetry, which he dedicated to Václav Hanka. At the same time, he also translated Russian, Serbian, and Lithuanian folk songs. Among his most famous translations are works from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Walter Scott, and Johann Gottfried Herder.

Čelakovský was one of the first literary critics who recognized the poetic gifts of the Slovene poet France Prešeren. His positive assessment of Prešeren's poetry played a very important part in the development of the poet's self-esteem.

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.