World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fraternal Forestry

Article Id: WHEBN0027580162
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fraternal Forestry  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oronhyatekha, List of general fraternities, Leverett George DeVeber, Rousseau Owen Crump, James C. McLaughlin, Sodom, Ontario, Jordan W. Smith, Joseph Willis Margeson
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Fraternal Forestry

The Independent Order of Foresters (IOF) is a fraternal organization, now based in Toronto, Canada, and operating under the brand Foresters.[1]


Foresters traces its origin to a British Friendly Society, a mutual organization caring for the sick. The original Foresters groups were said to band together for mutual aid and protection in 14th century England, in or near the ancient royal forests which belonged to the monarchy.[2] Although the older history cannot be proven, there was a society called the Royal Foresters in the 18th century. Membership originally was gained by combat, first with quarterstaffs, then swords and finally with cudgels, until initiation by combat was abandoned in 1843.[3]

In 1834 the Royal Foresters formed a Friendly Society, the Ancient Order of Foresters (AOF).[4] The IOF in the United States became independent of the AOF in 1874,[5] and now operates a separate UK division, Forester Life, based in Bromley.

The expansion of the Independent Order of Foresters (IOF) into Canada in 1875 is attributed to a prominent doctor and community leader, Oronhyatekha. Of Mohawk descent, born in 1841 at Six Nations near what is now Brantford, Ontario, Oronhyatekha ("Burning Sky") was baptized Peter Martin and later attended Oxford where he became an MD.[6]

Dr. Oronhyatekha held the office of Supreme Chief Ranger (now called International Fraternal President) from 1879 until 1906; he died in 1907. By the early 1890s, he had successfully transformed the Foresters into one of North America's leading fraternal benefit societies.[7] Foresters membership reached 257,000 in 1906. Through the 20th century it amalgamated with various other fraternal organizations, including the Ontario part of one of the oldest, the Ancient Order of United Workmen.[5]

Like other friendly societies and fraternal organizations of the time, Foresters helped transform the insurance industry by extending insurance benefits to the average working family. In addition to admitting women as full members, Foresters provided orphan benefits to the children of deceased Foresters members - benefits that are still available today as part of Foresters membership.[7]

Historically, Foresters has also been active in helping communities in need. Today, Foresters supports various community causes in Canada, the US and UK, through direct investment in national and local community partnerships, branch funding and educational scholarships.[5]

See also


External links

  • Foresters official website (Canada and United States)]
  • Forester Life (United Kingdom division)
  • -logo.svg 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.