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Freedom and Independence

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Title: Freedom and Independence  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Marian Bernaciak, Ministry of Public Security (Poland), History of Poland (1945–89), Franciszek Błażej, Mokotów Prison
Collection: History of Poland (1945–89), National Liberation Movements
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Freedom and Independence

Monument to soldiers of Wolność i Niezawisłość WiN in Lublin

Zrzeszenie Wolność i Niezawisłość WiN (English: Freedom and Independence) was a

  • Wnuk, Rafał (2002). ""Polska konspiracja antysowiecka na Kresach Wschodnich II RP w latach 1939–1941 i 1944–1952" (Polish Anti-Soviet Conspiracy in the Eastern Borderlands of the Second Polish Republic, 1939–1941 and 1944–1952)". "Tygiel narodów" (Melting Pot of Nations) (in Polish). Warszawa / London: ISP PAN / RYTM. pp. 157–251.  
  1. ^ Henryk Piecuch (1996). Akcje specjalne: od Bieruta do Ochaba. Wydawn. "69". p. 116.  
  2. ^ a b Dr. Janusz Marek Kurtyka, Ph.D., WiN | Freedom and Independence - A Historical Brief by Instytut Pamięci Narodowej IPN, Poland.
  3. ^ "POLAND: Out of the Woods". Time. April 21, 1947. 
  4. ^ Doomed Soldiers - The Untold Story, homepage.


See also

  1. September 2, 1945 to November 5, 1945 colonel Jan Rzepecki
  2. November 1945 to October 18, 1946 colonel Franciszek Niepokólczycki
  3. October 1946 to January 5, 1947 lieutenant colonel Wincenty Kwieciński
  4. January 1947 to November 1947 lieutenant colonel Łukasz Ciepliński
WiN's presidents

[4] In April 1947, many WiN members came out of hiding to take advantage of an apparent

Łukasz Ciepliński, last president of WiN.

Final Days

Despite protestations of the DSZ leadership, recognizing their common origins and similar goals of ridding both Poland and Ukraine of Soviet and Nazi influence, WiN engaged in talks with the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). By spring 1947 in the Lublin region and Podlasie WiN signed an armistice with UPA. Occasionally, WiN and UPA cooperated in destroying communist establishments (for example in a joint May 1946 attack on secret police headquarters in Hrubieszów). Similar agreements were reached in May 1945 in Ruda Różaniecka, as well as April 1945 in Siedliska.

Talks with the Ukrainian Underground

WiN was initially divided into three different geographical operational theatres: Western run out of Poznań, Central, run out of Warsaw as well as Southern, run out of Cracow. By 1946 this was reduced to Central and Southern. In January 1947 WiN called on the PSL to boycott the Soviet sponsored elections and to await intervention by Western Allies.

In 1946 new WiN leadership decided to subordinate the organization's structures to the Polish Home Army.

It was WiN that first carried the news of the falsification of the Urząd Bezpieczeństwa agents, and its security compromised as early as late 1945.[2]

Col. Franciszek Niepokólczycki, one of the presidents of WiN.

Initial Activities

[2] The main purpose of its activity was to prevent

Political Goals and Realities


  • Political Goals and Realities 1
  • Initial Activities 2
  • Talks with the Ukrainian Underground 3
  • Final Days 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6


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