World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

French Provisional Government of 1848


French Provisional Government of 1848

Provisional government of 1848
of France
Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure,
President of the council
Date formed 24 February 1848
Date dissolved 9 May 1848
People and organisations
Head of government Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
Previous Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot
Successor Executive Commission of 1848
Members of the Provisional Government. Lets to right, top:Saint-Georges

The Provisional government was a short-lived government formed on 24 February 1848 at the start of the French Second Republic, after the Cabinet of François-Pierre Guizot and the July Monarchy had been thrown out of power. It was succeeded by the Executive Commission of 1848.


  • Formation 1
  • Ministers 2
  • Key events 3
  • References 4
  • Sources 5


The Provisional Government was formed after three days of street fighting in Paris that ended in the abdication of King Louis Philippe I at noon on February 24. The leaders of the government were selected by acclamation in two different meetings later that day, one at the Chamber of Deputies and the other at the Hôtel de Ville. The first set of seven names, chosen at the Chamber of Deputies, came from the list of deputies made by the moderate republican paper Le National. The second set of names, chosen at the Hôtel de Ville, came from a list made by the more radical republican paper La Réforme. In addition to the first set of deputies it included three journalists and a representative of the workers. Later that evening the combined list was acclaimed at the Hôtel de Ville.[1]

The members of the new Provisional Government collectively acted as head of state. They included the former deputies Armand Marrast, Louis Blanc (a socialist) and Ferdinand Flocon. The representative of the workers was Alexandre Martin, known as "Albert".[1]


Ministers were named to head the government ministries. The positions of power in the Provisional Government were mainly given to moderate republicans, although Étienne Arago was made Minister of Posts and Marc Caussidière became Prefect of Police. Alexandre Martin ("Albert"), Louis Blanc and Ferdinand Flocon did not get ministerial portfolios, and so had little power.[2]

The ministers were:
Ministry Start End Minister Sub-Secretary
President of the Council 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
Interior 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin
Foreign Affairs 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Alphonse de Lamartine
Finance 24 February 1848 5 March 1848 Michel Goudchaux
Finance 5 March 1848 9 May 1848 Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pagès Charles Duclerc (from 23 March 1848)
Justice 24 February 1848 11 May 1848 Adolphe Crémieux
Public Works 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Pierre Marie de Saint-Georges
Agriculture and Commerce 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Eugène Bethmont
Education and Religious Affairs 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 Hippolyte Carnot
Navy and Colonies 24 February 1848 9 May 1848 François Arago Victor Schœlcher (from 4 March 1848)
War 25 February 1848 20 March 1848 Jacques Gervais, baron Subervie
War 20 March 1848 5 April 1848 Louis-Eugène Cavaignac
War 5 April 1848 9 May 1848 François Arago

Key events

February 24:
  • Revolution in Paris[3]
  • Abdication of Louis Philippe I[4]
  • Formation of the Provisional Government[5]
  • Creation of the National Workshops[8]
  • Abolition of the death penalty for political offenses
  • Demonstration of public works and buildings workers in the place de l'Hôtel-de-Ville, Paris, to demand a Ministry of Labor and the 10-hour day
  • Creation of the Government Commission for workers headed by Louis Blanc, which implements the national workshops
  • Suppression of the Octroi and salt taxes[9]
March 2:
  • Abolition of the system of bargaining for hiring
  • Reduction of hours in the working day
  • Creation of the commission to implement abolition of slavery in the French colonies
  • Decision not to intervene on behalf of other European peoples revolting against their governments
  • Universal suffrage decreed for males
  • Convocation of a constituent assembly decided, with elections set for 9 April
  • Forced used of banknotes to prevent disappearance of the gold holdings of the Bank of France
  • Reopening of the Paris Stock Exchange (closed from 22 February)
  • National Guard opened to all citizens
  • Creation of a school of administration to train officials
  • Abolition of imprisonment for debt
  • Abolition of corporal punishment in criminal matters
  • Revolution in Berlin
  • Elite units of the National Guard abolished[7]
  • Workers demonstration in Paris for postponement of the election of the Constituent Assembly. Elections postponed to April 23.[10]
  • Revolt in Bordeaux against envoys of the provisional government
  • Creation of the Central Workers Committee of the department of Seine
  • Failure of the expedition of the Belgian Legion in Belgium
April 3:
  • Revolt in Valence against envoys of the Provisional Government
  • Failure of the Voraces Legion of Lyon to raise Savoy
  • Revolt in Besançon against envoys of the provisional government
  • Failure of the Paris demonstration for a further postponement of the election of the Constituent Assembly
  • Moderate success in elections to the National Assembly
  • Street fighting in Rouen between supporters of the defeated Democratic Republicans and those elected from the bourgeois list
  • Abolition of slavery in French colonies
May 4:
  • First meeting of the National Assembly[11]
  • Assembly unanimously proclamats the Republic[11]


  1. ^ a b Luna 2004.
  2. ^ Fortescue 2004, p. 70.
  3. ^ Fortescue 2004, p. 63.
  4. ^ Fortescue 2004, p. 64.
  5. ^ Fortescue 2004, p. 64-65.
  6. ^ Lamartine 1890, p. 17.
  7. ^ a b Agulhon 1983, p. 41.
  8. ^ Fortescue 2004, p. 96.
  9. ^ a b Augello & Guidi 2005, p. 132.
  10. ^ Agulhon 1983, p. 42.
  11. ^ a b Agulhon 1983, p. 47.


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.