World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gülbahar Hatun

Article Id: WHEBN0022394457
Reproduction Date:

Title: Gülbahar Hatun  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Valide sultan, Ottoman family tree, Bayezid II, Nakşidil Sultan, Ottoman Albania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Gülbahar Hatun

Gülbahar (Kül-Bahār) Hatun
گل بهار خاتون
The tomb of "Gülbahar Hatun" is located inside "Gülbahar Hatun Mosque" in Trabzon
Born ?
c. (?)[1]
Died c. 1510
Trabzon, Ottoman Empire
Resting place
Gülbahar Hatun Camii, Trabzon
Residence Amasya, Trabzon
Known for Mother of Ottoman Sultan Selim I[1]
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Bayezid II
Children Selim I
Parents The daughter of Abdu's-Samad[1]

Gülbahar (Kül-Bahār) Hatun[2] (Ottoman Turkish: گل بهار خاتون; c. ? – c. 1510[3]), also known as A'ishā (Ayşe) Khātun was the Eighth wife of Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II and the mother of Sultan Selim I of the Ottoman Empire.[4]

Entrance to Gülbahar Hatun Mosque, Trabzon, Turkey.
Dome of Gülbahar Hatun Mosque.
Courtyard of Gülbahar Hatun Mosque, Trabzon, Turkey.
Interior view of Gülbahar Hatun Mosque located in Trabzon, Turkey.
Wudu ("ablution") area of Gülbahar Hatun Mosque.


The theories of her background are:

  • According to the first theory sopported by some reliable sources, she was the daughter of an Albanian turned Turk.[5] The Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abd-us-Samed (Daughter of Abd-us-Samed), Abdu's-Samad[1] which supports the widespread view that her father was an Albanian who had "turned Turk", that is converted to Islam and joined the Turkish Millet. Abd-us-Samed, Abdu's-Samad[1] meaning Servant of God, was the anonym that was applied to many Balkan and Anatolian Christians who converted to Islam in the classical Ottoman period.[3][6][7]
  • According to the second theory (most sources have claimed that) she was the daughter of Alaüddevle Bozkurt Bey, the eleventh ruler of the Dulkadirids centered around Elbistan in Kahramanmaraş. Her real name was Ayşe and was renamed Gül-Bahar after her marriage.[8][9][10][11]


Bayezid married her in 1469 at Amasya. When Bayezid was still a şehzade ("Ottoman prince") and the governor of Amasya sanjak when she gave birth to Selim I in 1470.[3] When Mehmed the Conqueror died in 1481, Bayezid moved to Constantinople, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, along with his family to ascend the throne.[3]

According to Turkish tradition, all princes were expected to work as provincial governors (Sanjak-bey) as a part of their training.[10] Mothers of princes were responsible for the proper behaviour of their sons in their provincial posts.[10] In 1495 was sent to Trabzon sanjak and Gülbahar accompanied him.[3]

However, she herself never became recognized as a Valide Sultan because she died in 1505 before Selim's accession to the sultanate.[12] Her tomb is located in Gülbahar Hatun Camii, Trabzon.[10] It was built in 1514 in honour of his mother and was restored in 1885.[13]

See also

Further reading

  • Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).


  1. ^ a b c d e The Imperial House of Osman 4
  2. ^ Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, page 157, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2
  3. ^ a b c d e "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press.  
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Consorts Of Ottoman Sultans (in Turkish)". Ottoman Web Page. 
  7. ^ Anthony Dolphin Alerson (1956). The Structure of the Ottoman Dynasty. Clarendon Press. 
  8. ^ "Yavuz Sultan Selim Han".  
  9. ^ "Mother Of Yavuz Sultan Selim". Osmanlı Araştırmaları Vakfı (Ottoman Research Foundation). 
  10. ^ a b c d Leslie P. Peirce (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. pp. 106–107.  
  11. ^ Dijkema, F.TH (1977), The Ottoman Historical Monumental Inscriptions in Edirne, BRILL, p. 32,  
  12. ^ Mausoleum of Gülbahar Hatun (Ayşe Hatun)
  13. ^ Description about Gülbahar Hatun (Ayşe Hatun) Mosque
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.