World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Girona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Article Id: WHEBN0014919258
Reproduction Date:

Title: Girona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lleida (Spanish Congress Electoral District), Spanish general election, 2011, Province of Girona, Spanish general election, 2015, Spanish general election, 1979
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Girona (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Girona electoral district.

Girona is one of the 52 electoral districts (Spanish: circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is one of four electoral districts which correspond to the provinces of Catalonia. Girona is the largest municipality although it only has 60,000 voters out of the total electorate of 457,000. Figueres is the second largest municipality with 28,000 voters. There are no other municipalities with electorates over 25,000. The district has traditionally been one of the weakest for the national parties of the right, who, since 1982, have only won a seat on one occasion in the district. It was one of only two districts in the 2004 election (along with Lleida) where the People's Party (PP) failed to win a seat. With the PP gaining a seat in Lleida in 2008, Girona was the only district without PP representation in the 2008-2011 parliament. The PP regained their seat at the 2011 election, when they received their highest ever vote share.

The district has traditionally favoured the Convergence and Union coalition, although the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) topped the poll at the 2004 and 2008 elections.

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Girona and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% of the total vote (which includes votes "en blanco" i.e. for none of the above) can be considered. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Spain

Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

In the general elections from 1977 onwards Girona returned 5 members. That figure was increased to 6 members for the 2004 General Election.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to over-represent smaller provinces at the expense of larger provinces. In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Girona however the number of voters per deputy was only 76,215.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977–2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Convergence and Union (CiU) 2 1 2 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSC-PSOE) 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 1
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 1 2
People's Party (PP) 1 1 1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 2 1 1

Note: Seats shown for the PP include seats won by their predecessor, the Popular Alliance in 1982.

PSOE has contested elections under the label Socialist Party of Catalonia (Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya).

Democratic Convergence of Catalonia contested the 1977 election under the label Democratic Pact for Catalonia (Pacte Democràtic per Catalunya). After 1977 they have contested elections as part of an alliance with Democratic Union of Catalonia called Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió).

Republican Left of Catalonia contested the 1977 election as part of an electoral alliance called Catalan Left - Electoral Democratic Front (Esquerra de Catalunya-Front Electoral Democràtic) as openly republican parties were unable to contest the 1977 elections.[5]

Democratic Centre Union fought the 1979 election as part of an alliance called Catalan Centrists (Centristes de Catalunya.)

Vote share summary 1977-2011

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008 2011
Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC) 27.3
Convergence and Union (CiU) 24.8 36.1 45.9 46.9 42.9 41.4 41.1 27.1 27.2 39.2
Democratic Union of Catalonia (UDC) 5.4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSC-PSOE) 24.7 28.0 34.2 31.4 28.9 28.2 36.5 28.4 31.6 39.5 21.4
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 18.4 24.9 2.2
United Left-Initiative for Catalonia Greens (IU-ICV) 10.1 9.4 3.2 2.6 3.9 3.5 3.4 1.8 4.2 3.2 5.5
Catalan League - Catalan Liberal Party (LLIGA) 4.4
People's Party (PP) 3.2 3.4 13.2 9.9 7.9 13.0 12.0 15.9 11.5 12.2 16.2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 4.2 5.7 3.5 3.4 9.1 5.6 8.7 23.3 13.2 10.8
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 2.0 2.6 3.0 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.1

Results

2011 General Election

 Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Girona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 120.156 30.2 3 Carles Pàramo i Ponsetí, Jordi Xuclà i Costa, Montserrat Surroca i Comas
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 65,674 21.4 1 Àlex Sàez Jubero
People's Party (Partido Popular) 49,617 16.2 1 Concepció Veray Cama
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 33,000 10.8 1 Teresa Jordà i Roura
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left 16,777 5.5 0
Citizens for Blank Votes (Ciudadanos en blanco) 5,206 1.7 0
Platform for Catalonia 2,636 0.9 0
Others 7,520 2.5 0

2008 General Election

In 2008, PSOE had their highest ever vote share with their vote share increase being their sixth highest overall, only exceeded by the three Basque provinces, Tarragona and Las Palmas. They narrowly won a third seat for the first time, with their third candidate beating the PP frontrunner by 3276 votes for the final seat. ERC had a significant decrease, losing almost half their votes with their leading candidate only 3308 votes ahead of the PP.

 Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Girona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 131,994 39.53 3 Montserrat Palma i Muñoz, Àlex Sàez Jubero, Juli Fernández i Iruela
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 90,836 27.21 2 Jordi Xuclà i Costa, Montserrat Surroca i Comas
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 44,030 13.19 1 Francesc Canet Coma
People's Party (Partido Popular) 40,722 12.20 0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left 10,727 3.21 0
Confederation of The Greens (Els Verds) 2,028 0.61 0
Others 7,830 2.30 0

2004 General Election

The district gained a seat for the 2004 election. The PSOE topped the poll for the first time since the 1979 election. The PP narrowly lost their seat to Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC), missing out by less than 800 votes for the final seat. The 2004 election also saw ERC make a breakthrough, winning their first seats since the restoration of democracy in 1977.

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Girona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 113,089 31.62 2
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 96,928 27.10 2
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 83,482 23.34 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 40,959 11.45 0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left 15,070 4.21 0
Confederation of The Greens (Els Verds) 1,836 0.51 0
Others 3,606 0.70 0

The 2000 General Election saw the PP gain a seat for the first time since 1982.

2000 General Election

 Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Girona.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 121,116 41.05 2
Socialists' Party of Catalonia/Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 83,741 28.38 2
People's Party (Partido Popular) 46,992 15.93 1
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 25,534 8.65 0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens 5,346 1.81 0
United and Alternative Left 4,644 1.57 0
Confederation of The Greens (Els Verds) 1,790 0.61 0
Others 1,877 0.64 0

Source:[6]

External links

  • List of members by year
  • Number of voters by Municipality in 2008

References

  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ 2004 Girona election
  5. ^ http://www.esquerra.cat/web_nova/arxius/Hangles.pdf
  6. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.