Gruppo di intervento speciale

Gruppo di Intervento Speciale
Gruppo di Intervento Speciale Official Insignia
Active 1978–present
Country Italy
Branch Carabinieri
Type Special Forces
Nickname(s) GIS, Teste di cuoio ("Leatherheads")

Gruppo di Intervento Speciale (GIS, in English "Special Intervention Group") is an elite airborne special operations counter-terrorism tactical response unit inside the Italian Carabinieri military police, first formed in 1978. In 2004 the GIS evolved into a special forces unit.

The unit has taken part in counter-terrorism operations and VIP, executive and dignitary protection security details ever since the inception of the GIS.


  • History 1
  • Organization and recruitment 2
  • Alliances 3
  • Weapons 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


In the fall of 1977, the Carabinieri's HQ decided to establish a CT Unit to counter the growing terrorist phenomena. Few months later, the GIS "Gruppo Intervento Speciale" was born. GIS is the Carabinieri CT unit and it responds directly to the Carabinieri HQ and to the Ministry of Interior. The focus of GIS has always been on very high risk CT operations, such as the storming of hijacked aircraft.

Organization and recruitment

GIS operators marching in public on the Rome Parade in 2006.

The 150-man GIS has three operational sections and one sniper/reconnaissance team. Every section is divided into a detachment of four men. In every moment there is a section ready to leave the base in 30 min. The sniper team is usually formed by two snipers, equipped with Mauser 86SRs, and by a scout, usually with a semi-automatic H&K PSG/1. During action men alternate in the scout role. Every GIS soldier is a volunteer from the 1st Carabinieri Airborne Regiment "Tuscania". During first selection, all candidates go to an interview with a GIS high officer to verify their motivation, which is a key element. The soldiers who pass the first selections go to a basic course which lasts five months. A great amount of time is devolved to martial arts (Wushu and Thai boxing), explosives, tactics, English language, topography, terrorist ideology, and photography as well as combat shooting. They use FATS (Fire Arms Training System), a laser-system which project on a screen interactive images and can record all students' reactions. Usually during this first course 50% drop out. From those who pass, only the best ones are selected to progress to a six-month-long Specialization Course, after which they become operative members. They are also trained in combat driving (reportedly held at Ferrari's famed factory and speed roadway).


GIS has very good relations with many top class CT units in the world, amongst these are Great Britain's 22nd SAS, Ireland's ARW & ERU, Spain's GEO and UEI, France's GIGN, Germany's GSG 9 and SEK, Belgium's ESI, Austria's GEK and the Netherlands's DSI.[1][2]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Gruppo Intervento Speciale (GIS) - Special Intervention Group". Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  2. ^ Giovanna Ranaldo (2008-10-13). "Speciale GIS, i professionisti dell’anti-terrorismo" (in Italian). Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Unofficial GIS Arms Page" (in Italian). Retrieved 2012-03-07. 
  4. ^ a b c "Arma dei Carabinieri" (in Italian). Retrieved 2012-03-07. 

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.