World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Guigo II

Article Id: WHEBN0026943304
Reproduction Date:

Title: Guigo II  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Christian mysticism, Meditation, Adam of Dryburgh, Mystical theology, Cataphatic theology
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Guigo II

Guigo II, sometimes referred to as Guy, or by the moniker "the Angelic", was a Carthusian monk and the 9th prior of Grande Chartreuse monastery, from 1174-80. He died possibly in 1188[1] or 1193, and is distinct from both Guigo I, the 5th prior of the same monastery, and the late thirteenth-century Carthusian Guigo de Ponte.[2]

Works

His most famous book is most commonly known today as Scala Claustralium (The Ladder of Monks), though it has also been known as the Scala paradisi (The Ladder of Paradise) and the Epistola de vita contemplativa (Letter on the Contemplative Life, which is its subtitle). Drawing from Jacob's vision in Genesis 28.12 of angels ascending and descending a ladder to God, bringing human prayers to heaven and God's answers to earth, Guigo wrote an account to explain how the ladder was meant for those in the cloister, seeking the contemplative life. Guigo named the four steps of this "ladder" of Lectio Divina prayer, a practice which continues daily in contemporary Benedictine ritual meditation,[3] with the Latin terms lectio, meditatio, oratio, and contemplatio. In Guigo's four stages one first reads, which leads to think about (i.e. meditate on) the significance of the text; that process in turn leads the person to respond in prayer as the third stage. The fourth stage is when the prayer, in turn, points to the gift of quiet stillness in the presence of God, called contemplation.[4][5]

Scala Claustralium is considered the first description of methodical prayer in the western mystical tradition,[6] and Guigo II is considered the first writer in the western tradition to consider stages of prayer as a ladder which leads to a closer mystic communion with God. The work was among the most popular of medieval spiritual works (in part because it commonly circulated under the name of the renowned Bernard of Clairvaux or even Augustine), with over one hundred manuscripts surviving. It was also translated into some vernacular languages, including into Middle English.[7]

It is still a basic guide for those who wish to practice lectio divina.

Guigo II also wrote twelve Meditations, which were clearly less widely known as they survive in only a few manuscripts.[8] From internal evidence, it appears they may have been written before the Scala Claustralium.[9]

References

  1. ^ The date cited by Bernard McGinn, The Growth of Mysticism, (1994), p357
  2. ^ A history of Christian spirituality: an analytical introduction by Urban Tigner Holmes 2002 ISBN 0-8192-1914-2 page 55
  3. ^ Marett-Crosby, Anthony (2003). A Benedictine Handbook.   First published in 2003 by the Canterbury Press Norwich.
  4. ^ Christian spirituality: themes from the tradition by Lawrence S. Cunningham, Keith J. Egan 1996 ISBN 0-8091-3660-0 page 38
  5. ^ The Oblate Life by Gervase Holdaway, 2008 ISBN 0-8146-3176-2 page 109
  6. ^ An Anthology of Christian mysticism by Harvey D. Egan 1991 ISBN 0-8146-6012-6 pages 207-208
  7. ^ Bernard McGinn, The Growth of Mysticism, (1994), p357
  8. ^ Bernard McGinn, The Growth of Mysticism, (1994), p357
  9. ^ Colledge and Walsh, 'Introduction', SC 163: 25-6

Further reading

  • Guigo the Carthusian, The Ladder of Monks and Twelve Meditations: A Letter on the Contemplative Life, trans Edmund Colledge and James Walsh, (London: Mowbray, 1978; reprinted Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1981) [This was originally printed in the Sources Chretiennes series as Lettre sur la vie contemplative. Douze meditations, ed Edmund Colledge and James Walsh, SC 163]
  • The Ladder of Monks: A Letter on the Contemplative Life and Twelve Meditations. Image Books. 1978. ISBN 0-385-13596-3; ISBN 978-0-385-13596-2. 

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.