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Hasegawa Yoshimichi

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Hasegawa Yoshimichi

Count Hasegawa Yoshimichi
Japanese General Count Hasegawa Yoshimichi
Born October 1, 1850
Iwakuni Domain, Suo Province, Japan
Died January 27, 1924(1924-01-27) (aged 73)
Tokyo, Japan
Allegiance Empire of Japan
Service/branch Imperial Japanese Army
Years of service 1871-1916
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars Boshin War
First Sino-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
Awards Order of the Golden Kite (1st class)
Order of the Chrysanthemum
Order of the Red Eagle
Order of the Golden Ruler of the Korean Empire
Order of the Auspicious Stars of the Korean Empire.
Other work Japanese Governor General of Korea

Count Hasegawa Yoshimichi (長谷川 好道, 1 October 1850 – 27 January 1924) was a field marshal in the Imperial Japanese Army and Japanese Governor General of Korea from 1916-1919. His Japanese decorations included Order of the Golden Kite (1st class) and Order of the Chrysanthemum.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Hasegawa was born as the son of a samurai fencing master in the Iwakuni sub-fief of Chōshū (present-day Yamaguchi prefecture), Hasegawa served under the Chōshū forces during the Boshin War from January until March 1868 during the Meiji Restoration which overthrew the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Upon the formation of the Imperial Japanese Army in 1871, Hasegawa was commissioned a captain. Later, as a major, he was given command of a regiment during the Satsuma Rebellion, and saw action at the relief of Kumamoto Castle on 14 April 1877.

He traveled to France as military attaché in 1885 to study European military strategy, military tactics and equipment. Upon his return to Japan the following year, Hasegawa was promoted to major general

During the First Sino-Japanese War, Hasegawa won distinction for valor on behalf of his 12th Infantry Brigade at the Battle of Pyongyang on 15 September 1894 and in skirmishes around Haicheng from December 1894 until January 1895. After the war, he was ennobled with the title of danshaku (baron) under the kazoku peerage system.

During the Russo-Japanese War, Hasegawa was assigned to the First Army under General Kuroki Tamemoto as commander of the Imperial Guards Division in the spring of 1904. He later fought with distinction at the Battle of the Yalu on 30 April - 1 May 1904, and was soon after promoted to general in June 1904.

He was commander of the Korea Garrison Army from September 1904 until December 1908. In 1907, Hasegawa was elevated to the title of shishaku (viscount).[1] Hasegawa was appointed Chief-of-Staff of the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff in 1912. He forced War Minister Uehara Yusaku to resign over Prime Minister Saionji Kinmochi's tight fiscal policy and attempted revision of the system whereby only active duty officers would be able to serve as Ministers of War and Navy. The collapse of Saionji’s government was known as the "Taishō Political Crisis".

In 1915, Hasegawa was awarded the title of field marshal, and was elevated to the title of hakushaku (count) in 1916. From October 1916, he served as the second Japanese Governor-General of Korea, and was later criticized for his military approach to the Samil Independence Movement.

Hasegawa died in 1924. His grave is at Aoyama Cemetery in Tokyo.

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hasegawa Yoshimishi" in , p. 293Japan Encyclopedia, p. 293, at Google Books.

References

  • Craig, Albert M. Chōshū in the Meiji Restoration. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1961. OCLC 482814571
  • Dupuy, Trevor N. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 1992. ISBN 0-7858-0437-4
  • Jansen, Marius B. and Gilbert Rozman, eds. (1986). Japan in Transition: from Tokugawa to Meiji. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691054599; OCLC 12311985
  • ____________. (2000). The Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674003347; OCLC 44090600
  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External links

  • National Diet Library. "Hasegawa Yoshimichi". Portraits of Modern Historical Figures. 
Preceded by
Viscount Terauchi Masatake
Governor-General of Korea
1916-1919
Succeeded by
Saitō Makoto
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