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Title: Hata-jirushi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Heraldic flag, Kyoketsu-shoge, Kubi bukuro, Kusari-fundo, Suntetsu
Collection: Japanese Heraldry, Military Communication in Feudal Japan, Samurai Weapons and Equipment
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Date Masamune's Hatajirushi.(Black flag, and Black feather on top )

Hata-jirushi (旗印) were the most common of war banners used on the medieval Japanese battlefield. The term could be translated to literally mean symbol flag, marker banner, or the like. Unlike the later nobori, which were stiffened, these banners were simple streamers attached to a shaft by a horizontal cross-piece.

Hata-jirushi served much the same purpose as the nobori, which replaced them, identifying and distinguishing regiments or sections of an army.


  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & Co.
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