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Hatfield Peverel Priory

St Andrew's Parish Church, Hatfield Peveral - former conventual church of Hatfield Priory

Hatfield Peverel Priory (also known as Hatfield Priory) was a Benedictine priory in Essex, England, founded as a secular college before 1087 and converted into priory as a cell of St Albans by William Peverel ante 1100.[1][2][3][4] It is in the English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England[5] and is located on the south side of the village of Hatfield Peverel, about 5 miles north-east of Chelmsford. At the Dissolution of the Monasteries, a timber frame structure dominated the property.[6]

According to tradition the priory was founded by the Saxon Ingelrica, wife of Ranulph Peverel and reputed to be the mistress of William the Conqueror, to atone for her sins. The parish church, St Andrew's (Church of England) is the surviving fragment of the Norman priory church nave.

The property was acquired by the Wright family when John Wright, a coachmaker, first landed his family in Essex in 1764.[7] The current house, in a park designed by Richard Woods in 1765 and built in 1769, stands on a rise of land overlooking the Chelmer valley.[8] The property passed to Wright's son, John Wright II, who died in 1796 without male issue. The estate then passed under entail to his nephew (i.e. his sister’s son) Peter Luard, who took the name and arms of Wright as required under the will. Peter (Luard) Wright, elder brother of William Wright Luard of The Lodge, Witham (and father of Admiral William Luard), occupied and expanded the property considerably, which remained in the family until 1928 when it was sold.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Detailed Result: CHURCH OF ST ANDREW". Pastscape. 1986-03-13. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Houses of Benedictine monks - Priory of Hatfield Peverel | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  3. ^ Seax Archaeology - Unlocking Essex's Past
  4. ^ Seax Archaeology - Unlocking Essex's Past
  5. ^ Grade II Reference GD1113
  6. ^ P. Muilman, A New and Complete History of Essex; II, (1769)
  7. ^ Pevsner, N. & Radcliffe, E. The Buildings of England: Essex (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1965)
  8. ^ English Heritage Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest (Swindon: English Heritage 2008)

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