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Hornindal

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Hornindal

Hornindal kommune
Municipality
Coat of arms of Hornindal kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Hornindal kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Hornindal within Sogn og Fjordane
Hornindal within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates:
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Nordfjord
Administrative centre Grodås
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Anne-Britt Øen Nygård (Sp)
Area
 • Total 191.60 km2 (73.98 sq mi)
 • Land 178.44 km2 (68.90 sq mi)
 • Water 13.16 km2 (5.08 sq mi)
Area rank 384 in Norway
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,238
 • Rank 392 in Norway
 • Density 6.9/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 3.6 %
Demonym(s) Horndøl[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1444
Official language form Nynorsk
Website .no.kommune.hornindalwww
Data from Statistics Norway

Hornindal is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Grodås. The municipality sits at the eastern end of the lake Hornindalsvatnet, the deepest lake in Northern Europe. The rest of the lake lies inside neighboring Eid municipality.

Hornindal municipality was separated from Eid Municipality in 1867. Hornindal was part of the municipality of Stryn from 1965–1977, but was then separated again.

The European route E39 highway is being re-routed through Hornindal municipality to complete a ferry-free highway route along the western coast of Norway. The Kviven Tunnel was completed in 2012 as part of the new E39 route connecting Hornindal to Volda Municipality in Møre og Romsdal county to the north and avoiding the ferry crossing over the Voldsfjorden.

Contents

  • General information 1
    • Name 1.1
    • Coat of arms 1.2
    • Churches 1.3
  • Government 2
    • Municipal council 2.1
    • Mayor 2.2
  • Geography 3
    • Location 3.1
    • Mountains 3.2
  • Attractions 4
    • Hornindalsvatnet 4.1
    • Anders Svor Museum 4.2
  • Famous people 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

General information

Map of Hornindal
Hornindal church

Since ancient times, Hornindal was a sub-parish (sokn) of Eid prestegjeld (see formannskapsdistrikt). In 1865, Hornindal became a parish of its own and then two years later, on 1 January 1867, Hornindal was established as a separate municipality. At this time, Hornindal had a population of 1,612.[2]

On 1 January 1965, the municipality of Hornindal was dissolved and it was divided between the neighboring municipalities of Eid and Stryn. Navelsaker and Holmøyvik and all of Hornindal west of there (population: 310) was transferred to Eid, and the 1,184 residents to the east of those areas went to Stryn.[2]

On 1 January 1977, the municipality of Hornindal was separated from Stryn. The portions of Hornindal that were moved to Eid in 1964 remained there. The new municipality had a population of 1,202.[2]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the farm Horne (Old Norse Hornvin), since the first church (Hornindal Church) was built there. The first element is horn which means "horn" (here referring to a pointed mountain behind the farm), the last element is vin which means "meadow" or "pasture". So the meaning of the compounded name Hornindal is "the valley/dale of Horne".

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was introduced in 1987 and was designed by Petter Eide. It shows three silver blades of scythes on a blue background. Historically, farming and blacksmithing were vital industries in Hornindal. At one point, there were as many as 200 blacksmiths in the area. There was also a rich tradition of making handmade scythes and this was very symbolized by putting scythes on the coat-of-arms.[3]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hornindal. It is part of the Nordfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Hornindal
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hornindal Hornindal Church Grodås 1856

Government

View of the Hornindalsrokken mountain
View of Steindalsegga

All municipalities in Norway, including Hornindal, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Hornindal is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. For 2011–2015, the party breakdown is as follows:[4]

Hornindal Kommunestyre 2011–2015
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 2
  Conservative Party Høgre 5
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 7
  Liberal Party Venstre 3
Total number of members: 17

Mayor

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Anne-Britt Øen Nygård of the Centre Party was elected mayor for the 2011–2015 term.[5]

Geography

Hornindal
The mountain Hornindalsrokken and Honndøla bridge

Location

Hornindal is located on the northern border of Sogn og Fjordane county. Hornindal is bordered to the west by the municipality of Eid, to the south by Stryn, to the east by Stranda (in Møre og Romsdal county), and to the north by Ørsta and Volda (both in Møre og Romsdal county).

Mountains

  • Hornindalsrokken mountain (1,495 metres or 4,905 feet)
  • Gulkoppen mountain (1,304 metres or 4,278 feet)
  • Middagsfjellet (903 metres or 2,963 feet)

Attractions

Hornindalsvatnet

The Hornindalsvatnet lake is the deepest lake in Europe at 514 metres (1,686 ft) deep. None of the glacier streams run out into the lake and this has resulted in one of Europe's clearest lakes.[6]

Anders Svor Museum

Anders Svor was born in 1864 on the Svor Farm in Hornindal. At the age of 21 he left for Denmark where he enrolled at the Copenhagen Academy of Art. He later participated in many art exhibitions in Kristiania, Copenhagen, Paris, and Chicago. The Anders Svor Museum was opened in 1953 and features 450 of his works. His art is characterised by simple, clean lines, and deep authenticity.[7]

Famous people

References

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ a b c Juvkam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  3. ^ Tvinnereim, Jarle (24 April 2008). "Kommunevåpenet til Hornindal" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  4. ^ "Members of the local councils". Statistics Norway. 2011. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  5. ^ Hornindal Kommune. "Presentasjon av ordføraren" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  6. ^ "Hornindal Municipality in Norway". GoNorway.com. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  7. ^ "Anders Svor Museum, Hornindal". 13 August 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 

External links

  • Official website of Hornindal (Norwegian)
  • NRK: Hornindal (Norwegian)
  • Webcam in Hornindal (Norwegian)
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