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Hounslow West

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Hounslow West

Hounslow West
Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I Template:R-I
Hounslow West
Hounslow West
Location of Hounslow West in Greater London
Location Hounslow
Local authority London Borough of Hounslow
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 2
Accessible
Fare zone 5

London Underground annual entry and exit
2009 Increase 3.10 million[2]
2010 Increase 3.20 million[3]
2011 Decrease 3.18 million[4]
2012 Increase 3.24 million[4]

Original company Metropolitan District Railway
21 July 1884 Opened as Hounslow Barracks; terminus of line
1 December 1925 Renamed Hounslow West
13 March 1933 Piccadilly Line service introduced
9 October 1964 District Line service ceased
14 July 1975 Relocated
19 July 1975 Line extended to Hatton Cross

Listing grade II
Entry number 1241237[5]
Added to list 23 September 1998

Lists of stations

London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°28′25″N 0°23′08″W / 51.4736°N 0.3856°W / 51.4736; -0.3856

Hounslow West is a London Underground station in Hounslow in West London. The station is on the Heathrow branch of the Piccadilly Line, between Hatton Cross and Hounslow Central stations, and is located on Bath Road (A3006) about 600m from the junction of Bath Road, A4 Great West Road and Great South West Road (A30). It is in Travelcard Zone 5. The layout is an island platform reached by stairs. There is step-free access for wheelchair users only.

History

The station was opened by the Metropolitan District Railway (MDR, now the District line) on 21 July 1884.[6] The station was originally named Hounslow Barracks in reference to the Cavalry Barracks, Hounslow south of the station on Beavers Lane.[6] The station was the terminus of a single track branch line constructed from the MDR's existing route to Hounslow Town station (now closed) on Hounslow High Street.

The branch line diverged from the main route about 300m east of Hounslow East station, although Hounslow East was not opened until later and when the branch opened there were no intermediate stations between Hounslow Barracks and Osterley & Spring Grove (now Osterley).[6]

In 'My Early Life' Winston Churchill recalls travelling on the Underground Railway to Hounslow Barracks two or three times a week whilst living at his mothers house in Knightsbridge around 1896.[7]

Electrification of the MDR's tracks took place between 1903 and 1905 with electric trains replacing steam trains on the Hounslow branch from 13 June 1905.[8] On 1 December 1925 the station was given its present name at the same time that Hounslow Central and Hounslow East received their current names.[6]

During 1930 and 1931 a new station building was constructed facing on to Bath Road to replace the original building which was parallel with the tracks and set back at an angle from the road. The new building, by the Underground's architect Stanley Heaps in conjunction with Charles Holden in a style reminiscent of Holden's designs for the 1926 Morden extension of the City and South London Railway (now part of the Northern line),[9] was constructed in Portland stone and features a tall heptagonal ticket hall with glazed screens to all sides. The original building was gradually demolished as the new one was built and the new building opened on 5 July 1931. The building is very similar to the reconstructed station at Ealing Common built at the same time, also by Heaps and Holden.[9] Basil Ionides designed the interior of the ticket hall at Hounslow West tube station.[10]

Piccadilly line services, which had been running as far as Northfields since January 1933 were extended to run to Hounslow West on 13 March 1933.[6] From this date, the branch was operated jointly by both lines but District Line services (which had more capacious higher carriages) were progressively reduced to just rush-hour services in the late 1950s and withdrawn on 9 October 1964.[6]

Heathrow extension


In the early 1970s works began on extending the Piccadilly Line from Hounslow West to Heathrow Airport. The original alignment of the tracks and platforms at Hounslow West was southwestwards. If the tracks had been extended directly on that alignment, much of residential west Hounslow would have been demolished to reach the airport. Instead, a route needing little demolition was found by following the Bath Road and Great South West Road in a cut and cover tunnel in a trench alongside the road which passed the Traveller's Friend junction around 1971. The line surfaces briefly over the River Crane before descending under Heathrow. Because most of the tunnelling was by cut and cover it would have been possible to size the tunnels for the more capacious District type carriages with minimum extra work but this did not happen. Re-extending the District Line to Hounslow West is still a possibility which has recently been re-evaluated.[11] The first phase of the extension works was to build two new platforms at Hounslow West in a covered trench with a more westerly alignment to reach the chosen route. The new platforms were adjacent and to the north of the existing three and the access from the 1930s station building was extended to reach them. The new platforms were brought into use on 14 July 1975 and the line was opened as far as Hatton Cross five days later on 19 July 1975.[12]

Transport links

London bus routes 81, 222, 203, 482, H32, H98 and H91.

See also

  • Map showing operational dates for lines and stations in Hounslow

References

External links

  • London Transport Museum Photographic Archive
    • Hounslow Barracks station, 1927
    • New station building under construction beside the old, which has been partially demolished, 1931
    • Ticket hall, 1932
    • Station building from platforms, 1957
    • Hounslow West station, 1971
    • New platforms, 1975
  • Abandonedstations.org.uk - Hounslow West station
  • [1] 'Britain from Above' view Hounslow West and Hounslow Barracks ca.1926
  • [2] Churchill commutes to Hounslow ca. 1896
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Piccadilly line
towards Cockfosters
Disused railways
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Terminus District line
Hounslow branch
towards Upminster
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