World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Article Id: WHEBN0018695240
Reproduction Date:

Title: House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Portuguese House of Burgundy, Pedro V of Portugal, Peter III of Portugal, House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Amélie of Orléans
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Ramo de Bragança-Saxe-Coburgo e Gota
Country Kingdom of Portugal
Parent house House of Braganza
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (male line)
Founded 9 April 1836
Final ruler Manuel II
Current head Extinct
Deposition 5 October 1910

The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha[1] (also known as the House of Coburg-Braganza)[2] was a dynasty descended through a distaff line of the House of Braganza that ruled the Kingdom of Portugal from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910.

The designation Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, due to the last four Kings of Portugal descending from Queen Maria II of Portugal, from the House of Braganza, and Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. European custom classifies a descendant branch on the basis of patrilineal descent, which means that the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, and therefore of the House of Wettin.

Nonetheless, the Portuguese constitution stated that the House of Braganza was the ruling house of Portugal, by way of Queen Maria II, and her descendants still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza.[3]

As there are no living descendants left in Portugal, the claim to the crown of Portugal is again with the House of Braganza.


The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza. Members of the royal house held the title Infante (or Infanta) of Portugal and Duke (or Duchess) of Saxony.[4] On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty.

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established. Manuel II went into exile in England, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct.[1]

Before his death, King Manuel II reconciled with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty. So, with his death, the claim to the throne of Portugal passed to the pretender, Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza.[5][6]

The Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza surname was also used by Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança, a woman who claimed to be a bastard daughter of King Carlos I.


Family tree

Fernando II
Maria II
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Pedro V
Luís I
Maria Pia of Savoy
Maria Anna
Amélie of Orléans
Carlos I
Nevada Stoody Hayes
Luís Filipe
Manuel II
Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern


  1. ^ a b  
  2. ^ Maclagan, Michael (2002). Lines of Succession. Tables by Jiri Louda.  
  4. ^  
  5. ^ "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal".  
  6. ^ "Successor Expects Throne". The New York Times. 1932-07-06. p. 19. 

External links

House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza

Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal
Monarchy Abolished
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.