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Huelva (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

 

Huelva (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Huelva electoral district in Spain

Huelva is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales. It is one of the eight electoral districts which correspond to the provinces of Andalusia. Huelva is the largest town accounting for almost a third of the electorate and there are no other municipalities with electorates over 15,000.[1] Huelva has traditionally been one of the best districts for the centre left and in the last two elections has produced the second highest percentage vote share for the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) after Sevilla district.

Contents

  • Boundaries and electoral system 1
  • Eligibility 2
  • Number of members 3
  • Summary of seats won 1977–2008 4
  • Vote share summary 1977-2008 5
  • Results 6
    • 2008 General Election 6.1
    • 2004 General Election 6.2
    • 2000 General Election 6.3
    • 1996 General Election 6.4
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [2] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Huelva and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" i.e. for "none of the above" can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
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Foreign relations

Eligibility

Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[2]

Number of members

Huelva has returned five members at every election since the restoration of democracy.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[3] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this has been to over-represent smaller provinces like Huelva at the expense of larger provinces. Huelva had a ratio of 75,686 voters per deputy in 2004 [4] a figure below the Spanish average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[5]

Summary of seats won 1977–2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 3 3
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 2 2 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3
Popular Alliance / People's Party (PP) 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2

Vote share summary 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 47.8 37.3 7.8
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 33.7 35.4 63.4 62.2 58.5 55.6 52.2 46.9 56.2 55.7
United Left (IU) 5.5 7.0 3.6 5.3 7.7 9.0 10.2 6.4 5.5 4.9
People's Party (PP) 5.0 3.3 20.8 21.4 19.6 29.2 33.9 40.2 30.6 35.0
Andalusian Party (PA) 9.6 1.7 2.3 5.1 3.0 2.7 4.7 5.3 1.5
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1.4 5.7 4.7 0.8 0.1 0.1 0.1

Results

2008 General Election

 Summary of the 11 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 149,494 55.67 3 Fátima Aburto Baselga
People's Party (Partido Popular) 93,984 35.00 2
United Left 13,210 4.92 0
Andalusian Coalition (Coalicion Andalucista) 4,110 1.53 0
Union, Progress and Democracy 2,319 0.86 0
Others 2,811 1.10 0

2004 General Election

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 154,579 56.19 3 Fátima Aburto Baselga
People's Party (Partido Popular) 84,173 30.59 2
United Left 15,097 5.49 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 14,542 5.29 0
Others 2,721 1.00 0

Source: [6]

2000 General Election

 Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 115,071 46.88 3
People's Party (Partido Popular) 98,575 40.16 2
United Left 15,729 6.41 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 11,613 4.73 0
Others 1,606 0.70 0

1996 General Election

 Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Huelva.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 138,259 52.15 3
People's Party (Partido Popular) 89,882 33.90 2
United Left 27,060 10.21 0
Andalusian Party (Partido Andalucista) 7,129 2.69 0
Others 1,606 0.70 0

References

  1. ^ Number of voters by Municipality in 2008
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  3. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  4. ^ Huelva election result 2004
  5. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  6. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

External links

  • List of members by year

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