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Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy

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Title: Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy  
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Subject: Odo III, Duke of Burgundy, Odo II, Duke of Burgundy, Battle of Arsuf, House of Burgundy, Third Crusade
Collection: 1142 Births, 1192 Deaths, Christians of the Third Crusade, Dukes of Burgundy, House of Burgundy
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Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy

Hugh III of Burgundy
Seal of Hugh III of Burgundy
Spouse(s) Alice of Lorraine
Béatrice of Albon
Noble family House of Burgundy
Father Odo II, Duke of Burgundy
Mother Marie of Champagne
Born 1142
Died 25 August 1192(1192-08-25)
Acre

Hugh III of Burgundy (1142 – August 25, 1192) was duke of Burgundy between 1162 and 1192. Hugh was the eldest son of duke Odo II and Marie of Champagne, daughter of Theobald and Mathilda of Carinthia. [1]

The rule of Hugh III marked the ending of a period of relative peace in the duchy of Burgundy. Hugh was a belligerent man and soon was involved in conflicts against king Louis VII of France over their borders. When King Philip Augustus succeeded Louis in 1180, Hugh seized the opportunity and forced several men to change alliance to Burgundy. Philip II was not happy with the loss of his vassals and invaded the duchy, besieging Châtillon. The town fell and with it, its garrison, commanded by Eudes, Hugh's heir. A peace was negotiated and Hugh had to pay a high ransom for his son and give up ambitions over French territory.

In 1187, Hugh transferred the capital of Burgundy to Dijon, and endeavoured to turn the city into a major commercial centre.

Hugh then turned his energies to the Holy Land, embarking in the Third Crusade in the retinue of Philip II.[2] When Philip returned to France, he left Hugh in charge of the French troops.[3] Hugh played a major role in the victory of the battle of Arsuf (September 7, 1191) and at the siege of Acre, where he died August 1192. [4]


Marriage and issue

He was married twice:

Firstly, in 1165, to Alice of Lorraine (1145–1200),[1] daughter of Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine; he repudiated her in 1183. By his first marriage, he produced:

  • Odo III (1166–1218),[1] his successor in the Duchy
  • Alexander (1170–1205),[1] Lord of Montagu, founder of the line of Seigneurs of Montagu
  • Douce (1175 – c.1219), married in 1196 Simon of Semur (d.1219), Lord of Luzy
  • Alix (b.1177), married Béraud VII, Lord of Mercœur


Secondly, in 1183, to Béatrice of Albon (1161–1228),[1] Countess of Albon and Dauphine of Viennois, daughter of Guigues, Count of Albon and Dauphin of Viennois. By his second marriage, he produced:

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Constance Brittain Bouchard, Sword, Miter, and Cloister: Nobility and the Church in Burgundy, 980–1198, (Cornell University Press, 1987), 256.
  2. ^ The Third Crusade: Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus, Sidney Painter, The Later Crusades, 1189-1311, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard, (University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), 85.
  3. ^ John Gillingham, Richard I, (Yale University Press, 1999), 164.
  4. ^ The Third Crusade: Richard the Lionhearted and Philip Augustus, Sidney Painter, The Later Crusades, 1189-1311, ed. Kenneth M. Setton, Robert Lee Wolff and Harry W. Hazard, (University of Wisconsin Press, 1969), 85.

See also

Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy
Born: 1142 Died: 25 August 1192
Preceded by
Odo II
Duke of Burgundy
1162–1192
Succeeded by
Odo III
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