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Hungarian parliamentary election, 1994

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Title: Hungarian parliamentary election, 1994  
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Subject: Hungarian Workers' Party, Sándor Lezsák, Bokros package, Leader of the Opposition (Hungary), Péter Zwack
Collection: 1994 Elections in Europe, 1994 in Hungary, Elections in Hungary
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Hungarian parliamentary election, 1994

Results of SMCs
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Hungary
Foreign relations

Parliamentary elections were held in Hungary on 8 May 1994, with a second round of voting in 174 of the 176 single member constituencies on 29 May.[1][2] They resulted in the return to power of the Hungarian Socialist Party, the former Communist party, under the leadership of Gyula Horn, who became Prime Minister. The Socialists achieved a remarkable revival, winning an overall majority of 209 seats out of 386, up from 33 in 1990. At the time, it was the most seats that a Hungarian party had ever won in a free election.

The governing Hungarian Democratic Forum was severely defeated, falling from 165 seats to 38 for third place. It was also a disappointment for the principal opposition party of the previous parliament, the Alliance of Free Democrats, which failed to capitalize on the government's unpopularity and lost seats. Poor economic performance, apparent government incompetence and a certain nostalgia for the social security of the communist era appear to be the main reasons for the result, together with significant reform of the Socialists' policies, with commitment to the expansion for the market economy and continued compensation for the victims of communism.

Despite winning an overall majority, Horn decided to form a coalition with the Free Democrats, giving him a two-thirds majority. This was partly to assuage public concerns inside and outside Hungary over an ex-communist party with an overall majority, and partly to get his reform package past his own party's left wing.

Results

Party SMCs MMCs National
seats
Total
seats
+/–
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Hungarian Socialist Party 1,689,081 31.3 149 1,781,867 33.0 53 7 209 +176
Alliance of Free Democrats 1,005,766 18.6 16 1,066,074 19.7 28 25 69 –23
Hungarian Democratic Forum 649,966 12.0 5 633,957 11.7 18 15 38 –126
Independent Smallholders' Party 425,482 7.9 1 476,416 8.8 14 11 26 –18
Fidesz 416,143 7.7 0 379,295 7.0 7 13 20 –1
Christian Democratic People's Party 397,887 7.4 3 379,573 7.0 5 14 22 +1
Workers' Party 177,458 3.3 0 172,117 3.2 0 0 0 New
Agrarian Alliance 132,181 2.4 1 113,405 2.1 0 0 1 –1
Republican Party 104,289 1.9 0 137,484 2.5 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Justice and Life Party 67,162 1.2 0 85,623 1.6 0 0 0 New
Liberal Civic Alliance–Entrepreneurs' Party 42,951 0.8 1 33,367 0.6 0 0 1 New
Unified Smallholders' Party 43,234 0.8 0 44,315 0.8 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Social Democratic Party 32,913 0.6 0 51,122 0.9 0 0 0 0
National Democratic Alliance 32,258 0.6 0 28,075 0.5 0 0 0 New
ASZ-SZDSZ 9,280 0.2 0 0 0
VP-Fidesz-ASZ-SZDSZ 6,440 0.1 0 0 0
Hungarian Market Party 5,459 0.1 0 635 0.0 0 0 0 New
Conservative Party, Alliance of Farmers and Civilians 5,241 0.1 0 2,046 0.0 0 0 0 New
Green Party of Hungary 4,766 0.1 0 8,813 0.2 0 0 0 0
SZDSZ-KP 4,664 0.1 0 0 0
Compromise Independent Smallholders' Party 4,386 0.1 0 5,918 0.1 0 0 0 New
Gypsy Solidarity Party 3,282 0.1 0 0 0 New
Green Alternative 2,638 0.1 0 849 0.0 0 0 0 New
Independent Hungarian Democratic Party 2,366 0.0 0 0 0 0
Democratic Coalition 2,117 0.0 0 0 0 New
National Alliance of Hungarian Families 2,005 0.0 0 0 0 New
Historic Independent Smallholders' Party 1,792 0.0 0 0 0 New
Entrepreneurs' Party-Fidesz 1,347 0.0 0 0 0
Pensioners' Party 1,245 0.0 0 0 0 New
Social Democratic Party 1,197 0.0 0 0 0 New
Democratic Party 1,150 0.0 0 0 0 New
EKGP-KDNP 840 0.0 0 0 0
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party 704 0.0 0 0 0 New
Party of Hungarian Interest 416 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Biomedicists' and Life Reformers' Party 334 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Mothers' National Party 265 0.0 0 0 0 New
Electoral Coalition for the Hungarians 211 0.0 0 0 0 New
Party for Historic Hungary 203 0.0 0 0 0 New
Hungarian Party of the Unemployed 190 0.0 0 0 0 New
National Forces' Movement 188 0.0 0 0 0 New
Independents 122,190 2.3 0 0 –6
Invalid/blank votes 78,535 80,198
Total 5,480,222 100 176 5,481,149 100 125 85 386 0
Registered voters/turnout 7,960,293 68.9 7,960,280 68.9
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p899 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p925
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