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Jaén (Spanish Congress Electoral District)


Jaén (Spanish Congress Electoral District)

Location of Jaén electoral district in Spain

Jaén is one of the 52 electoral districts (circunscripciones) used for the Spanish Congress of Deputies - the lower chamber of the Spanish Parliament, the Cortes Generales.


  • Boundaries and electoral system 1
  • Eligibility 2
  • Number of members 3
  • Summary of seats won 1977-2008 4
  • Results 5
    • 2004 General Election 5.1
  • External links 6
  • References 7

Boundaries and electoral system

Under Article 68 of the Spanish constitution [1] the boundaries must be the same as the province of Jaén and under Article 140 this can only be altered with the approval of congress. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage in a secret ballot. The electoral system used is closed list proportional representation with seats allocated using the D'Hondt method. Only lists which poll 3% or more of all valid votes cast, including votes "en blanco" (i.e. for "none of the above") can be considered for seats. Under article 12 of the constitution, the minimum voting age is 18.

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Article 67.3 of the Spanish Constitution prohibits dual membership of the Cortes and regional assemblies, meaning that candidates must resign from Regional Assemblies if elected. Article 70 also makes active judges, magistrates, public defenders, serving military personnel, active police officers and members of constitutional and electoral tribunals ineligible.[1]

Number of members

In the general elections of 1977, 1979 and 1982 Jaén returned 7 members. That figure was reduced to 6 members from the 1986 General Election onwards.

Under Spanish electoral law, all provinces are entitled to a minimum of 2 seats with a remaining 248 seats apportioned according to population.[2] These laws are laid out in detail in the 1985 electoral law. (Ley Orgánica del Régimen Electoral General) The practical effect of this law has been to overrepresent smaller provinces.

In 2004 for example Spain had 34,571,831 voters giving an average of 98,777 voters per deputy.[3] In Jaén however the number of voters per deputy was slightly below that at 87,660.[4]

Summary of seats won 1977-2008

1977 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1996 2000 2004 2008
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 4 3 5 4 4 4 3 3 4 4
Democratic Centre Union (UCD) 3 3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 1
People's Party (PP) 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 2


The Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) has topped the poll at every election from 1977 to date.

2004 General Election

 Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Jaén.
Parties and alliances Votes % Seats Members elected
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 228,611 54.41 4 Antonia Martínez, María Pérez, José Pliego, Sebastián Quirós
People's Party (Partido Popular) 143,288 34.11 2 Gabino Puche, Luis de Torres
United Left 24,483 5.83 0
Andalusian Party 15,493 3.69 0
Others 3,306 0.76 0


External links

  • List of members by year
  • Number of voters by Municipality


  1. ^ a b Spanish Constitution
  2. ^ General features of Spanish electoral system
  3. ^ 2004 Spanish election
  4. ^ Jaén 2004 result
  5. ^ Interior ministry link to election results

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