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John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach

John William III
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Reign 1698–1729
Predecessor John George II
Successor Wilhelm Heinrich
Spouse Amalie of Nassau-Dietz
Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach
Magdalene Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels
Marie Christine Felizitas of Leiningen-Heidesheim
Issue
Wilhelm Heinrich
Princess Albertine Johannetta
Johannette, Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels
Karoline, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal
Prince Anton Gustav
Princess Charlotte Wilhelmine
Princess Johannetta Wilhelmine
Prince Karl Wilhelm
Prince Karl August
Princess Johanna Magdalene
Christiane, Princess of Nassau-Usingen
Prince Johann Wilhelm
House House of Wettin
Father John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Mother Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
Born (1666-10-17)17 October 1666
Friedewald
Died 14 January 1729(1729-01-14) (aged 62)
Eisenach
Religion Lutheranism

John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (Friedewald, 17 October 1666 – Eisenach, 14 January 1729), was a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.

He was the third son of John George I, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach and Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein. His twin brother, Maximilian, died at the age of two years.

He succeeded his brother John George II as duke of Saxe-Eisenach when his brother died in 1698.

In Oranjewoud on 28 November 1690, John William married with Amalie of Nassau-Dietz, who was eleven years older. She was a daughter of William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz. They had two children:

  1. Wilhelm Heinrich, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (b. Oranjewoud, 10 November 1691 - d. Eisenach, 26 July 1741).
  2. Albertine Johannetta (b. Oranjewoud, 28 February 1693 - d. Eisenach, 1 April 1700).

In Wolfenbüttel on 27 February 1697 — two years of the death of his first wife — John William married secondly with Christine Juliane of Baden-Durlach, a daughter of Charles Gustav of Baden-Durlach. They had seven children:

  1. Johannette Antoinette Juliane (b. Jena, 31 January 1698 - d. Schloss Dahme, 13 April 1726), married on 9 May 1721 to Duke Johann Adolf II of Saxe-Weissenfels.
  2. Karoline Christine (b. Jena, 15 April 1699 - d. Philippsthal, 25 July 1743), married on 24 November 1725 to Landgrave Charles I of Hesse-Philippsthal.
  3. Anton Gustav (b. Eisenach, 12 August 1700 - d. Eisenach, 4 October 1710).
  4. Charlotte Wilhelmine Juliane (b. Eisenach, 27 June 1703 - d. Erfurt, 17 August 1774).
  5. Johannetta Wilhelmine Juliane (b. Eisenach, 10 September 1704 - d. Eisenach, 3 January 1705).
  6. Karl Wilhelm (b. Eisenach, 9 January 1706 - d. Eisenach, 24 February 1706).
  7. Karl August (b. Eisenach, 10 June 1707 - d. Eisenach, 22 February 1711).

In Weissenfels on 28 July 1708 — one year after the death of his second wife — John William married thirdly with Magdalene Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels, a daughter of Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels. They had three children:

  1. Johanna Magdalene Sophie (b. Eisenach, 19 August 1710 - d. Eisenach, 26 February 1711).
  2. Christiane Wilhelmine (b. Altenkirchen, 3 September 1711 - d. Idstein, 27 November 1740), married on 26 November 1734 to Prince Charles of Nassau-Usingen.
  3. Johann Wilhelm (b. Marksuhl, 28 January 1713 - d. Eisenach, 8 May 1713).

In the Schloss Philippsruhe on 29 May 1727 — one year after the death of his third wife, John William married fourthly with Marie Christine Felizitas of Leiningen-Heidesheim, a daughter of John, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg and Dowager Princess of Baden-Durlach. This union was childless.

John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Born: 17 October 1666 Died: 14 January 1729
Preceded by
Johann Georg II
Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
1698–1729
Succeeded by
Wilhelm Heinrich
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