World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Skyline of Jonava
Flag of Jonava
Coat of arms of Jonava
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Jonų ir Janinų sostinė
(The capital of Jonai and Janinos)
Jonava is located in Lithuania
Location of Jonava
Country  Lithuania
Ethnographic region Aukštaitija
County Kaunas County
Municipality Jonava district municipality
Eldership Jonava town eldership
Capital of Jonava district municipality
Jonava town eldership
First mentioned 1740
Granted city rights 1864
 • Total 13.6682 km2 (5.2773 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 34,528 (9th)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Jonava (   , Polish: Janów) is the ninth largest city in Lithuania with a population of ca 35,000. It is located in Kaunas County in central Lithuania, 30 km (19 mi) north east of Kaunas, the second-largest city in Lithuania. It is served by Kaunas International Airport. Achema, the largest fertilizer factory in the Baltic states, is located nearby. The city is sometimes called "the capital of midsummer holiday" (lt.Joninės).


  • History 1
  • Environmental catastrophe 2
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • Demography 4
    • Historical population 4.1
  • Sport 5
    • Football 5.1
    • Athletics 5.2
    • Basketball 5.3
    • Volleyball 5.4
    • Competitions 5.5
  • Education 6
  • Twin towns — sister cities 7
  • People 8
  • Gallery 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


Jonava was officially established as a city in the 18th century during the times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The city had a large Jewish population before World War II - in 1893 92% of the population was Jewish and in 1941 it was 80%. In 1932 there were 250 shops owned by Jewish families, a Jewish bank, 7 synagogues and a Jewish school.[1] During World War II Jonava was attacked by Nazi Germany. A Christian church and five Jewish synagogues were destroyed.[2] Nazis killed 552 Jews (497 men and 55 women). After the war the city built the largest fertilizer factory in the Baltic states and Jonava become one of 4 biggest industrial cities in Lithuania.

Environmental catastrophe

An explosion occurred in the chemical fertilizers factory on 20 March 1989, causing a leakage of nearly 7,500 tonnes of liquid ammonia. The catastrophe developed further into a fire within the nitrophosphate facility and fertilizer storehouses polluting the atmosphere with products of their combustion, such as nitrous oxide and chlorine. The toxic cloud drifted towards Ukmergė, Širvintos and Kėdainiai. The concentration of ammonia surpassed the permissible level by a factor of 150 in Upninkai, at 10 km from the disaster site. One day after the accident, a toxic cloud 7 km wide and 50 km long was recorded between Jonava and Kėdainiai. Seven persons died during the fire and leakage of ammonia immediately afterward, 29 persons became handicapped, and a large number of people suffered from acute respiratory and cardiac attacks. The true extend of damages and health impact from the event is however unknown. What is known is that exposure to ammonia prenatally, especially at a young age can cause serious brain damage.

Administrative divisions

Jonava is divided into 13 city regions:

  • Senamiestis
  • Girelė
  • Miškų ūkis
  • Paneriai
  • Lietava
  • Lakštingalos
  • Juodmena
  • Geležinkelio stotis
  • Baldininkai
  • Rimkai
  • Kosmonautai
  • Skaruliai
  • Virbalai


Historical population

Year Inhabitants
1939 5500
1959 5000
1970 14563
1979 28413
1989 36520
2001 34954


The city has its own "physical culture and sports center" with stadium, swimming pool and indoor arena. It has already been announced that the city is going to build a new large indoor arena "BC Jonava".


Jonava has 2 soccer teams


The marathon runners sport club Maratonas won 4 medals at Vilnius Marathon.[3]


Jonava has a basketball team, founded in 1969; Jonava SK Malsta playing in the National Basketball League (Nacionalinė Krepšinio Lyga). There is also a women's basketball team called BC Jonava which won bronze medals in the women's Second Basketball Division (Nacionalinė moterų krepšinio lyga).


Jonava has a strong women's volleyball team Achema-KKSC that playing in the highest league A Grupė. In 2010 Jonava held the international "Alfredas Ogonauskas Memorial Volleyball Championship".[4]


Jonava also hosts some less regular competitions. During the traditional midsummer holiday there was "Jonas's Republic President Cup" of Rally Slalom events.[5] In summer seasons there are some occasional cycling tournaments or cross country competitions.


Twin towns — sister cities

Jonava is twinned with:




  1. ^ Travel Lietuva - Jonava
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ Alfredas Ogonauskas Memorial Volleyball Championship in
  5. ^ Jonas's republic president cip

External links

  • Jonava Web Page
  • Portal of Jonava
  • Jewish history of Jonava
  • Article on occasion of the 20th anniversary of ecologic catastrophe in Jonava fertilizers factory
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.