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Juan García Oliver

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Title: Juan García Oliver  
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Subject: Anarcho-syndicalism, Syndicalism, General strike, Rudolf Rocker, Revolutionary Catalonia
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Juan García Oliver


Juan García Oliver (1901, Reus, Tarragona Province – 1980, Guadalajara, Mexico) was a Spanish Anarcho-syndicalist revolutionary, and a leading figure of anarchism in Spain.

Caballero government ministers (November 1936). From left to right: Jaume Aigudé i Miró (ERC), Federica Montseny (CNT-FAI), Juan García Oliver (CNT-FAI) and Anastasio de Gracia (PSOE)

During the General Strike of 1917, García Oliver arrived in Barcelona and got involved in trade union activities. Along with Buenaventura Durruti and Francisco Ascaso, he founded Los Solidarios, an Anarchist group responsible for various assassinations, including an attempt on King Alfonso XIII's life. In 1920, he joined the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labor, CNT).

He was one of the most vocal opponents of the moderate Syndicalist trend led by Ángel Pestaña (the latter was skeptical of the means advocated by the inner group of the CNT, the Federación Anarquista Ibérica (Iberian Anarchist Federation, FAI)). Pestaña led his supporters out of the Confederación in late 1932, in order to create the Syndicalist Party; García Oliver remained virtually unopposed as the advocate of paramilitary tactics, which he had argued for since the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera.

García Oliver eventually became the leader of the FAI. When the CNT reluctantly decided to enter the [[

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