World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Juan García Oliver

Article Id: WHEBN0000649204
Reproduction Date:

Title: Juan García Oliver  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Anarcho-syndicalism, Syndicalism, General strike, Rudolf Rocker, Revolutionary Catalonia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Juan García Oliver

Syndicalism

Juan García Oliver (1901, Reus, Tarragona Province – 1980, Guadalajara, Mexico) was a Spanish Anarcho-syndicalist revolutionary, and a leading figure of anarchism in Spain.

Caballero government ministers (November 1936). From left to right: Jaume Aigudé i Miró (ERC), Federica Montseny (CNT-FAI), Juan García Oliver (CNT-FAI) and Anastasio de Gracia (PSOE)

During the General Strike of 1917, García Oliver arrived in Barcelona and got involved in trade union activities. Along with Buenaventura Durruti and Francisco Ascaso, he founded Los Solidarios, an Anarchist group responsible for various assassinations, including an attempt on King Alfonso XIII's life. In 1920, he joined the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (National Confederation of Labor, CNT).

He was one of the most vocal opponents of the moderate Syndicalist trend led by Ángel Pestaña (the latter was skeptical of the means advocated by the inner group of the CNT, the Federación Anarquista Ibérica (Iberian Anarchist Federation, FAI)). Pestaña led his supporters out of the Confederación in late 1932, in order to create the Syndicalist Party; García Oliver remained virtually unopposed as the advocate of paramilitary tactics, which he had argued for since the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera.

García Oliver eventually became the leader of the FAI. When the CNT reluctantly decided to enter the [[

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.