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Kafr Qasim

 

Kafr Qasim

Kafr Qasim
  • כַּפְר קָסִם, כפר קאסם
  • كفر قاسم
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Kpar Qásim, Kpar Qáˀsem
 • Also spelled Kafar Qasem (official)
Kufur Kassem (unofficial)
Monument in Kafr Qasim to the victims of the massacre in 1956.
Monument in Kafr Qasim to the victims of the massacre in 1956.
Kafr Qasim is located in Israel
Kafr Qasim
Kafr Qasim
Coordinates:
Grid position 167/148 PAL
District Central
Founded 19th century
Government
 • Type City (from 2008)
 • Mayor Adel Badir
Area
 • Total 9,154 dunams (9.154 km2 or 3.534 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 21,100 Increase
Name meaning The village of Kasim[1]

Kafr Qasim (Hebrew: כַּפְר קָאסִם, Arabic: كفر قاسم‎), also known as Kafr Qassem, Kufur Kassem, Kfar Kassem and Kafar Kassem, is a hill-top Israeli Arab city located about 20 km (12 mi) east of Tel Aviv, near the Green Line separating Israel and the West Bank, on the southern portion of the "Little Triangle" of Arab-Israeli towns and villages. The town became notorious for the Kafr Qasim massacre, in which the Israel Border Police killed 49 civilians on October 29, 1956. On February 12, 2008, Israeli Minister of the Interior Meir Sheetrit declared Kafr Qasim a city in a ceremony held at the town.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ottoman period 1.1
    • British Mandate of Palestine period 1.2
    • Post-1948 1.3
  • Demographics 2
  • Sports 3
  • People from Kafr Qasim 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Bibliography 7
  • External links 8

History

The town's area was populated in ancient times, based on remains from the Middle Paleolithic period found in the Qesem Cave. [2] Cisterns, a winepress and terraced fields have also been documented.[3]

Ottoman period

In 1870, during the Ottoman period, French explorer Victor Guérin visited the village, which he called Kafr Kasim. He found the place to be "the site of a more ancient town, as is shown by cisterns and the mass of rubbish found outside the present village".[4] The village had about four hundred inhabitants.[5]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as being of moderate size, with buildings constructed principally of adobe, on low hill in open ground. The survey also noted a the existence of a rock-cut tomb to the south of the village.[6]

British Mandate of Palestine period

In 1917, during World War I, Kafr Qasim (together with the rest of the area) was captured from the ruling Ottoman Empire by the British Army and was later placed under the British Mandate of Palestine.

In the 1922 census of Palestine Kufr Quasem had a population of 661, all Muslims,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 989, still all Muslims, in a total of 241 houses.[8]

In 1945 the population of Kafr Qasim was 1,460, all Arabs, who owned 12,765 dunams of land according to an official land and population survey.[9] 239 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 491 were plantations and irrigable land, and 8,980 were planted with cereals,[10] while 58 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[11]

Post-1948

Israeli military advances came to a halt at Kafir Kasim during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. In 1949, Israel annexed the town in accordance with the armistice agreements, which ended the war.

On October 29, 1956, Israeli border police (MAGAV) killed 49 villagers returning to Kafr Qasim from work, unaware of the imposition of a military curfew resulting from the Sinai War. The incident became known as the Kafr Qasim massacre.

In 1959, the town was granted local council status by the Israeli Interior Ministry.

In recent years, the town became known as the place where Sheikh Abdullah Nimar Darwish started the Islamic Movement. Israeli parliamentarian Sheikh Ibrahim Sarsur, a native of Kafr Qasim, served for a decade on the town council and heads the southern faction of the Islamic Movement of Israel since 1999. In 2008, it was announced that Kafr Qasim could soon become a city.[12]

Demographics

According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, the town has 21,100 mostly Muslim inhabitants at the end of 2012.[13] There are 936 females for every 1,000 males. The population increases at an annual rate of 2.7%.

The social-economic rank of the town is relatively low (3 out of 10). Only 50.2% of 12th graders were eligible for graduation (Bagrut) certificates in 2000. The average monthly wage in 2000 was 3,633 NIS, as opposed to the national average of 6,835 NIS at that time.

Sports

F.C. Kafr Qasim plays in the Liga Alef South division. Following their promotion to Liga Alef, they play home matches at the Lod Municipal Stadium in Lod.

People from Kafr Qasim

See also

References

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 230
  2. ^ Khalaily, 2005, Kafr Qasim (East)
  3. ^ Zbenovich et al., 2005, Kafr Qasim, Development Survey
  4. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 141, as cited in Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 324
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 141
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 285
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus p. 26
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 64
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 75
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 126
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 176
  12. ^ Majadele: New Arab city will bolster our sense of belonging
  13. ^

Bibliography

External links

  • Kufur-Kassem home page
  • Kufur-Kassem official home page
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 14: IAA,
  • the village location
  • Material in English
  • Material in Hebrew כפר קאסם בעברית
  • Welcome To Kafr Qasem
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