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Kapitän zur See

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Title: Kapitän zur See  
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Subject: German Navy, Karl Dönitz, Kriegsmarine, Erich Raeder, German battleship Bismarck, German auxiliary cruiser Atlantis, Bernhard Rogge, Alfred von Tirpitz, St Nazaire Raid, SMS Königsberg (1905)
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Kapitän zur See

Hierarchy of naval officer ranks
Flag officers:
Admiral of the navy

Admiral of the fleetFleet admiral
General admiralGrand admiralAdmiral
Squadron admiralFlotilla admiral
Vice admiralLieutenant admiral
Rear admiralCounter admiral
Commodore admiralSchout-bij-nacht
Port admiral

Senior officers:

CommodoreFleet captain
Post captainCaptain
Captain of sea and warShip-of-the-line captain
Captain at seaCorvette captain
Frigate captainCommander

Junior officers:

Lieutenant commanderCaptain lieutenant
Flag lieutenantLieutenant
Ship-of-the-line lieutenantCorvette lieutenant
Frigate lieutenantLieutenant (junior grade)
Sub-lieutenantEnsign

Training officers:

Passed midshipmanMidshipman
Naval cadet



Captain at sea (German: Kapitän zur See; Dutch: kapitein-ter-zee) is a naval rank corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship.

The equivalent in other navies is ship-of-the-line captain or the naval rank of captain in the Commonwealth of Nations and USA.

Germany

Captain at sea (Kapitän zur See, KptzS/KZS) was and is the highest staff officer rank in the Kaiserliche Marine and the German Navy, corresponding to command of a ship-of-the-line or capital ship. It is equivalent to Oberst in the Bundeswehr or to Flottenarzt/Oberstarzt, Flottenapotheker/Oberstapotheker and Oberstveterinär in the Zentraler Sanitätsdienst der Bundeswehr.

Its rank insignia, worn on the sleeves and shoulders, are one five-pointed star above four gold stripes (without the star when rank loops are worn). It is grade A16 or B3 (when deployed to a higher position than CO of a ship) in the pay rules of the Federal Ministry of Defence. Holders of the rank commanded or command capital ships and heavy cruisers, naval schools, and the staff-officer sections of all training-schools - even the Gorch Fock is commanded by a captain at sea.

Netherlands

In the Royal Netherlands Navy the rank of kapitein-ter-zee is the third grade of superior officer, equivalent to colonel in the land-forces. His insignia is made up of four bands and he commands a capital ship or a shore establishment (until recently, a kapitein-ter-zee commanded the Onderzeedienst and Mijnendienst, the Netherlands Navy's submarine and mine-laying training establishments). Smaller vessels such as destroyers and frigates are commanded by a kapitein-luitenant ter zee.

Until recently flagships of the Netherlands Navy (such as Template:Sclass/cores) were also commanded by a kapitein-ter-zee. Currently Template:Sclass/cores are commanded by a kapitein-luitenant-ter-zee.


See also

nl:Kapitein-ter-zee

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