World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Kiryat Ata

Article Id: WHEBN0000323352
Reproduction Date:

Title: Kiryat Ata  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Yossi Yona, Highway 79 (Israel), Highway 70 (Israel), Haifa District, Rekhasim
Collection: 1929 Palestine Riots, Cities in Haifa District, Cities in Israel, Krayot
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Kiryat Ata

Kiryat Ata
  • קִרְיַת אָתָא
  • كريات آتا
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259 Qiryat ʔataˀ
 • Also spelled Qiryat Ata (official)
Kiryat Ata (unofficial)
HaTzionut Boulevard
HaTzionut Boulevard
Official logo of Kiryat Ata
Logo
Kiryat Ata is located in Israel
Kiryat Ata
Coordinates:
Grid position 160/244 PAL
District Haifa
Government
 • Type City (from 1969)
 • Mayor Yaakov Peretz
Area
 • Total 16,706 dunams (16.706 km2 or 6.450 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 50,700

Kiryat Ata (Hebrew: קִרְיַת אָתָא; also Qiryat Ata, Arabic: كريات آتا‎, Kiryāt ʾĀtā) is a city in the Haifa District of Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2009 the city had a total population of 50,700.[1] It is also still known by its former name of Kfar Ata (Hebrew: כְּפַר עָטָּה).

Contents

  • History 1
    • Ottoman era 1.1
    • British Mandate era 1.2
    • Kiryat Ata 1.3
  • Economy 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Income 5
  • Education 6
  • Sports 7
  • Notable persons 8
  • References 9
  • Bibliography 10
  • External links 11

History

Archeological surveys at Khirbet Sharta in the northeast part of the city revealed traces of habitation dating to the Bronze, Iron, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, and Mamluk eras.

In 1283 it was mentioned as part of the domain of the Crusaders, according to the hudna between the Crusaders and the Mamluk sultan Qalawun. At the time it was called Kafrata.[2]

Ottoman era

Incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, Kufrata appeared in the census of 1596, located in the Nahiya of Acca of the Liwa of Safad. The population was 15 households, all Muslim. They paid taxes on wheat, barley, fruit trees, cotton, occasional revenues, goats and beehives; a total of 1508 Akçe.[3][4] The village appeared under the name of Koufour Tai on the map that Pierre Jacotin compiled during Napoleon's invasion of 1799.[5]

In 1859 the population was estimated to be 100, and the cultivation was 16 feddans.[6] In 1875 Victor Guérin visited, and found the village to have 50 houses.[7] In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Kefr Etta[8] as "a small adobe village, on the plain, with a well on the north and olives on the east."[6]

British Mandate era

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufritta showed a population of 400, 7 Christians and 393 Muslims,[9] decreasing in the 1931 census when Kufritta had a population of 4 Muslims and 29 Jews, in a total of 13 occupied houses.[10]

In 1945 the population of Kefar Atta (Kufritta) consisted of 1,690 Jews and the land area was 6,131 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[11] Of this, 6 dunams were designated for citrus and bananas, 39 dunams for plantations and irrigable land, 1,527 for cereals,[12] while 3,591 dunams were built-up areas.[13]

Kiryat Ata

In the early 20th century, the lands of the Arab village of Kefr Etta were purchased by a Warsaw religious foundation named "Avodat Israel" through intermediaries in the American Zion Commonwealth. Avodat Israel founded Kfar Ata in 1925, which was renamed Kiryat Ata in 1965 when the village was merged with adjacent Kiryat Binyamin. During the 1929 riots the town was attacked and abandoned. A year later the residents returned and rebuilt the community. The town was known for the Ata textile factory, established in 1934 by Erich Moller.[14]

Economy

The Ata plant, which opened in 1934, became an icon of the Israeli textile industry. It suffered from financial problems in the 1960s and closed down in 1985.[15]

Climate

Kiryat Ata has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and cool and rainy winters. The hottest month is July and the coldest is February. Snowfall is rare, but snow was recorded three times in the 20th century: in 1950, 1992 and 1999. Annual precipitation is approximately 524 millimeters (21 in).

Demographics

According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was 99.8% Jewish and other non-Arab, without significant Arab population. See Population groups in Israel. According to CBS, in 2001 there were 23,700 males and 24,900 females. The population of the city was spread out with 31.4% 19 years of age or younger, 15.7% between 20 and 29, 18.5% between 30 and 44, 18.3% from 45 to 59, 4.1% from 60 to 64, and 11.9% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 0.8%.

Income

In 2000, there were 17,236 salaried workers and 1,226 self-employed. The mean monthly wage was ILS 5,157. Salaried males had a mean monthly wage of ILS 6,759 (a real change of 4.6%) versus ILS 3,456 for females (a real change of 2.7%). The mean income for the self-employed was 6,470. There were 1,092 people who received unemployment benefits and 4,153 people who received an income guarantee.

Panorama of Kiryat Ata

Education

In 2000, there were 20 schools and 8,762 students in the city: 14 elementary schools with 4,899 students, and 11 high schools with 3,863 students. 52.0% of 12th graders were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.

Sports

The city's main football club, Maccabi Ironi Kiryat Ata, plays in Liga Leumit, the second tier of Israeli football. The local basketball club, Elitzur Kiryat Ata, are in Ligat HaAl, the top division.

Notable persons

References

  1. ^ a b "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF).  
  2. ^ al-Qalqashandi version of the hudna, referred in Barag, 1979, p. 207, no. 59
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 193
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the Safad register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 162
  6. ^ a b Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 285
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 409
  8. ^ meaning "Village of Etta", where Etta is a personal name, according to Palmer, 1881, p. 110
  9. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Haifa, p. 33
  10. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 94
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 48
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 90
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 140
  14. ^ Ata: Factory, Fashion Dream
  15. ^ When the guns fell silent, Haaretz

Bibliography

  • Barag, Dan (1979). "A new source concerning the ultimate borders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem".  
  • Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine. 
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.  
  • Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253. 
  • Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. 
  •  
  •  

External links

  • CBS population estimates for 2005/2006
  • (Hebrew) Municipality website
  • (Hebrew) Beit Fischer City Museum
  • Survey of Western Palestine, Map 5: IAA,
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.