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Krzyż Oświęcimski

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Title: Krzyż Oświęcimski  
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Subject: Orders, decorations, and medals of Poland, Greta Ferusic, Władysław Dworaczek, Jan Kobylański
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Krzyż Oświęcimski

For the cross erected at Auschwitz, see Auschwitz cross.

The Auschwitz Cross (Polish: Krzyż Oświęcimski), instituted on 14 March 1985, was a Polish decoration awarded to honour inmates of Nazi German concentration camps, including but not limited to Auschwitz (the Polish name of Auschwitz is Oświęcim).

It was awarded generally to Poles, but it was possible to award it to foreigners in special cases. It could be awarded posthumously. It ceased to be awarded in 1999. An exception was made in the case of Greta Ferusic, who was awarded it in February 2004.[1]

Description

The Cross is a silver Greek cross with wide arms, 42 x 42 mm. Obverse shows barbed wire and camp poles; the year 1939 on the left, 1945 – on the right arm. In the center there is a red enameled triangle with the letter P, as worn by Polish nationals imprisoned in the camps. The reverse bears the inscription "PRL / WIĘŹNIOM / HITLEROWSKICH / OBOZÓW KONCENTRACYJNYCH" (People's Republic of Poland to prisoners of Nazi concentration camps).

References

  • The Auschwitz Cross in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa


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