World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Laodicea Combusta

Article Id: WHEBN0004425175
Reproduction Date:

Title: Laodicea Combusta  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ancient settlements in Turkey, Laodicea, Lycaonia, Kaman-Kalehöyük, Kandyba
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Laodicea Combusta

Laodicea (Greek: Λαοδίκεια), more commonly Laodicea Combusta (Greek: Λαοδίκεια Κατακεκαυμένη, Laodikeia Katakekaumenê, "Laodicea the Burned"), and later known as Claudiolaodicea, was a Hellenistic city in central Anatolia, in the region of Pisidia; its site is currently occupied by Ladik, Konya Province, in Central Anatolia, Turkey.

Laodicea was one of the five cities built by Seleucus I Nicator, and named after his mother Laodice. Its surname (Latin: Combusta) is derived by Strabo[1] (from the volcanic nature of the surrounding country), but Hamilton[2] asserts that there is not a particle of volcanic or igneous rock in the neighbourhood, and it may be added that, if such were the case, the town would rather have been called, in Greek, Laodikeia tês katakekaumenês. The most probable solution undoubtedly is that the town was at one time destroyed by fire, and that on being rebuilt it received the distinguishing surname. It was situated to the northwest of Iconium (now Konya), on the high road leading from the west coast to Melitene on the Euphrates. Some ancient authors describe it as situated in Lycaonia[3] and others as a town of Pisidia,[4] and Ptolemy[5] places it in Galatia, but this discrepancy is easily explained by recollecting that the territories just mentioned were often extended or reduced in extent, so that at one time the town belonged to Lycaonia, while at another it formed part of Pisidia. Its foundation is not mentioned by any ancient writer.

Laodicea is at Ladik, and numerous fragments of ancient architecture and sculpture have been found. Visitors in the 19th century described seeing inscribed marbles, altars, columns, capitals, friezes, and cornices dispersed throughout the streets and among the houses and burying grounds. From this it would appear that Laodicea must once have been a very considerable town. It was restored by Claudius and received the name Claudiolaodicea. There are a few imperial coins of Laodicea, belonging to the reigns of Titus and Domitian.[6]


  1. ^ xii. pp. 576, 579, xiii. pp. 626, 628, 637.
  2. ^ Researches, ii. p. 194.
  3. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium s. v.; Strabo xiv. p. 663.
  4. ^ Socrates, Hist. Eccl. vi. 18; Hierocles p. 672.
  5. ^ v. 4. § 10.
  6. ^ Sestini, Mon. Ant. p. 95 ; comp. Droysen, Gesch. des Hellen. i. p. 663, foll.


External links


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.