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Leopold Okulicki

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Title: Leopold Okulicki  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Home Army, Warsaw Uprising, Michał Karaszewicz-Tokarzewski, Stefan Rowecki, Trial of the Sixteen
Collection: 1898 Births, 1946 Deaths, Armia Krajowa Members, Foreign Recipients of the Legion of Merit, Gold Crosses of the Virtuti Militari, People from Bochnia County, Polish Deportees to Soviet Union, Polish Generals, Polish Legionnaires (World War I), Polish People Detained by the Nkvd, Polish People of the Polish–soviet War, Polish People Who Died in Soviet Detention, Recipients of the Cross of Independence, Recipients of the Cross of Merit with Swords (Poland), Recipients of the Cross of Valour (Poland) Four Times, Recipients of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Warsaw Uprising Insurgents
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Leopold Okulicki

Leopold Okulicki
Okulicki as a young officer

General Leopold Okulicki (noms de guerre Kobra, Niedźwiadek; 1898 – 1946) was a General of the Polish Army and the last commander of the anti-German underground Home Army during World War II. He was murdered after the war by the Soviet NKVD.


  • Early life 1
  • Nazi occupation 2
  • Soviet period 3
  • Decorations 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life

Okulicki was born in November 1898 in Bratucice, Bochnia County in the Austrian section of partitioned Poland ("Galicia"). His exact date of birth is unknown as the birth record was not preserved in Polish archives and Okulicki himself used two dates: 11 November and 13 November. In 1910 he joined a local gymnasium, and after 1913 he was also an active member of the Związek Strzelecki. The following year, at the age of 16, after finishing basic military training, Okulicki passed his NCO exams. After the outbreak of World War I, in October 1915, he left school and volunteered for the Polish Legions, where he served with distinction in the 3rd Legions Infantry Regiment.

He remained in the Polish Army and fought in various units both during the Great War and the following Polish-Bolshevik War. In the interwar period he remained in the army and in 1925 graduated from the prestigious Warsaw Military Academy. Afterwards Okulicki took a post in Grodno local corps headquarters. Until the late 1930s he taught at the Infantry Training Centre in Rembertów, and became commanding officer of Polish 13th Infantry Division.

Nazi occupation

In 1939 he was made commander of one of the departments of the Polish Commander-in-Chief's Headquarters. After Lwów and became head of that area.

Soviet period

Arrested by the NKVD, the Gestapo methods are child's play.”[1] Sentenced to 10 years in the staged Trial of the Sixteen, he was murdered on 24 December 1946 in Butyrka prison. His body was burned and the ashes disposed at the New Donskoy Cemetery, Moscow, where one of his cenotaphs has been later constructed. The other one exists in Powązki Military Cemetery, Warsaw.



  1. ^
  2. ^ Monitor Polski

External links

  • Gen. Leopold Okulicki Deposition for NKVD During the Trial of the Sixteen
  • Gen. Leopold Okulicki: the Last C-i-C of the Home Army
Military offices
Preceded by
Tadeusz Bór-Komorowski
Commander of the Home Army
Succeeded by
None - AK dissolved
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