World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Leverkusen

Article Id: WHEBN0000179598
Reproduction Date:

Title: Leverkusen  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 2015–16 Bayer 04 Leverkusen season, Rhine-Ruhr, Aachen, Sabine Moussier, Bayer Giants Leverkusen
Collection: Leverkusen, Populated Places on the Rhine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Leverkusen

Leverkusen
Morsbroich Palace
Flag of Leverkusen
Flag
Coat of arms of Leverkusen
Coat of arms
Leverkusen   is located in Germany
Leverkusen
Coordinates:
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Köln
District Urban district
Government
 • Mayor Reinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
 • Governing parties CDU / SPD / Bürgerliste
Area
 • Total 78.85 km2 (30.44 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 160,819
 • Density 2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes 0214, 02171 & 02173
Vehicle registration LEV
Website www.Leverkusen.de/English

Leverkusen (; German pronunciation: ) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf.

With about 161,000 inhabitants, Leverkusen is one of the state's smaller cities. The city is known for the pharmaceutical company Bayer and its associated sports club TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights and places of interest 2
  • International relations 3
  • Notable people 4
  • References 5
  • Sources 6
  • External links 7

History

The heart of what is now Leverkusen was a village called Wiesdorf, which dates back to the 12th century. During the Cologne War from 1583 to 1588 Leverkusen was war-ravaged. The entire area was rural until the late 19th century, when industry prompted the development that led to the city of Leverkusen, and to its becoming one of the most important centres of the German chemical industry.

The chemist Carl Leverkus, looking to build a dye factory, chose Wiesdorf in 1860. He built a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf in 1861, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891; Bayer moved its headquarters to Wiesdorf in 1912. After asset confiscation at the end of WWI it became IG Farben. The city of Leverkusen proper was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf, and was posthumously named for Carl Leverkus. The IG Farben factories were bombed by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on December 1, 1943,[2] by the RAF on August 22, 1943,[3] and by the RAF during bombing campaigns on November 19/20 and December 10/11, 1943.

In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Main sights and places of interest

Japanese Garden in front of the Bayer tower
  • BayArena is the home stadium of Bayer Leverkusen, and seats over 30,000 people.
  • The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world.
  • Freudenthaler Sensenhammer is an industrial museum.
  • Schloss Morsbroich - moated castle in the baroque style, now a museum for contemporary art.
  • Water Tower Leverkusen-Bürrig - 72.45-metre-high (237.7 ft) water reservoir containing an observation deck
  • Neuland Park - large park beside the Rhine
  • Japanese Garden - A garden created by Carl Duisberg at 1923
  • Colony of workers - historical urban district in the center of Leverkusen
  • Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit - historical Boat bridge next to the Rhine between Wiesdorf and Rheindorf
  • Mausoleum of Carl Duisberg - mausoleum in the center of the Carl Duisberg Park next to the Casino
  • NaturGut Ophoven - educational center for nature in Leverkusen-Opladen

International relations

BayArena

Leverkusen is twinned with:

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen".  
  2. ^ 322nd Dailies from 1943 - 91st Bomb Group (H). 91st Bomb Group. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  3. ^ WW2 People's War - A Bedfordshire Bomb Aimer - Part Two. BBC. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  4. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit (Twin Cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  5. ^ (Bracknell Town, part of the Bracknell Forest local authority twinned with Opladen in 1973, Opladen then incorporated with Leverkusen in 1975
  6. ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  7. ^ Contract in German and Polish
  8. ^ contract signed(in German)
  9. ^ "Profit Over Life". The Nuremberg Pharma Tribunal. 

Sources

  • Blaschke, Stefan (1999): Unternehmen und Gemeinde: Das Bayerwerk im Raum Leverkusen 1891-1914 Cologne: SH-Verlag, ISBN 3-89498-068-0 (German)
  • Archive of Leverkusen (2005): Leverkusen. Geschichte einer Stadt am Rhein. Bielefeld: Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, ISBN 3-89534-575-X (German)
  • Franz Gruß (1987): Geschichte und Porträt der Stadt Leverkusen. Leverkusen: Verlag Anna Gruß, ISBN 3-930478-03-X (German)

External links

  • City of Leverkusen (English)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.