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List of Croatian flags

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List of Croatian flags

This is a list of flags which have been, or are still today, used in Croatia or by Croats.

For more information on main flags see article: Flag of Croatia

Current flags

National flag

Flag Date Use Description
December 21, 1990 – Flag of Croatia Three equal horizontal fields, red on the top, white in the middle and blue on the bottom; the national coat of arms in the center.

Presidential standard

Flag Date Use Description
November 1, 1990 – Standard of the President of Croatia A square blue field with a border of red and white squares; in the center a version of the national coat of arms and a red-white-blue ribbon with the letters "RH" (the initials of the country's full name in Croatian, Republika Hrvatska).

Maritime flags

Flag Date Use Description
Civil and state ensign of Croatia Identical to the national flag, but with 2:3 proportions.
March 1, 1999 – Naval ensign of Croatia (ensign of the Croatian Navy) Same as the civil ensign, but with two crossed anchors behind the coat of arms.
March 1, 1999 – Naval jack of Croatia A blue field with red and white border, with the national coat of arms and two crossed anchors in the center.

Historical flags

Flag Date Use Description
June 27 - December 21, 1990 Early flag of the Republic of Croatia (federal unit of Yugoslavia). In official use June 27 - December 21, 1990. Also flag of Croatian political opposition in exile 1945 - 1990 [1] Three equal horizontal fields, red on the top, white in the middle and blue on the bottom, Coat of arms of Croatia in the center of the middle field. The first field of the coat of arms was never specified in the Croatian constitution.
The flag used Republic of Croatia colors, proportions 1:2.
June 2, 1945 – June 27, 1990 Flag of Socialist Republic of Croatia (subdivision of SFR Yugoslavia). A tricolour of red, white, and blue with a (golden-rimmed) red star in the center.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
December 15, 1943 – June 2, 1945 Flag of the Federal State of Croatia (subdivision of DF Yugoslavia) and also the Croatian branch of the Yugoslav Partisans, used during World War II. A tricolour of red, white, and blue with a red star in the center of middle field.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
October 9, 1941 – March 25, 1942 "Flag of Croatian-Serbian friendship", an early flag of the Yugoslav Partisan movement Early flag of the Yugoslav Partisan movement, divided (left half Croat, right half Serb flag).
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 2:3.
November 21, 1939 – October 17, 1943 (January 21, 1941) Flag of the Banovina of Croatia (subdivision of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia). Used de facto 1939-1941; legally valid 1939-1943. A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 2:3.
1918 Flag of State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Yugoslav colors, proportions 1:2.
1860 – 1918 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (subdivision of the Austria-Hungary). Official on all levels. A tricolour of red, white, and blue.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 2:3.
1860 – 1918 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia (subdivision of the Austria-Hungary)., Internal flag, unofficial outside Croatia-Slavonia. A tricolour of red, white, and blue, with the composite coat of arms of the Triune Kingdom superimposed and centred
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 2:3.
March 8, 1852 – 1860 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (subdivision of the Austrian Empire). Official on all levels. Two bars of red and white.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 1:2.
1848 – 1852 Flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (subdivision of the Austrian Empire). Not used on the level of the Austrian Empire. A tricolour of red, white, and blue with the triune coat of arms in the center.
The flag used Croatian colors, proportions 1:2.
early 19th century – 1848 Unofficial flag of the Kingdom of Croatia (which at the time incorporated the subordinate Kingdom of Slavonia) within the Austrian Empire A tricolour of red, white, and blue.

Independent State of Croatia

Flag Date Use Description
April 30, 1941 – May 7, 1945 Flag of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). A tricolour of red, white, and blue with the Ustaše symbol in top-left corner (letter "U" surrounded by Croatian interlace) and the Croatian coat of arms (but with the first field white, as opposed to red) in the center.
The flag used Ustaše colors, proportions 2:3.
April 30, 1941 – May 7, 1945 War flag of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH). In use in Axis-occupied Croatia 1941-1945 (n.b. illegal). A tricolour of red, white, and blue and the NDH coat of arms.
The flag used Ustaše colors, proportions 2:3.
1941–1945 Standard of the Poglavnik of the Independent State of Croatia Standard of the Poglavnik of the Independent State of Croatia.
1941 - 1944/1945 Naval Ensign of the Independent State of Croatia 1941 (from 1944 Naval Jack). 2:3 squares 5×5 (total ratio 2:3)
1944–1945 Naval Jack of the Independent State of Croatia 1944 (up to 1944 Naval Ensign variant). 2:3 squares 5×5 (total ratio 2:3)
1941–1945 Flag of the Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Minister of Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Minister in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Vojskovodja (Marchal) in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Commander of the Armed Forces in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Admiral in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Vice-admiral in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Rear Admiral in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of General of the infantry, artillery, etc. in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of Lieutenant General in Independent State of Croatia.
1941–1945 Flag of General in Independent State of Croatia.

Historical regional flags

Flag Date Use Description
1820–1918
(official)
Flag of Dalmatia, established as the flag of the Kingdom of Dalmatia. In official use 1820-1918. Two horizontal bars of blue and gold. Proportions 1:2.
Flag of the Kingdom of Slavonia Two horizontal bars of blue and silver. Proportions 1:2
Flag of Slavonia The historical flag of the region of Slavonia.
Flag of Istria The historical flag of the region of Istria.


Historical flags (medieval)

Flag Date Use Description
1444 Flag of Croatian troops in Varna battle. Banner of Croatian soldiers (white flag with black cross) under leadership of Franko Talovac in the battle of Varna.
1444 Flag of Croatian troops in Varna battle . Banner (black flag) of Rafael Herczeg's banderium, bishop of Bosnia, in the battle of Varna.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (chessboard) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (St. Andrew's Cross) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (red with a cross) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (divided in two halves, upper is red with cross, lower is white-red) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (arpadian) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (divided on red and white with spears) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.
1526 Flag of Croatian troops in Mohacs battle. Banner of Croatian troops (Hungarian) in battle of Mohacs, carried by one of the captains of Croatian ban.

Subnational flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Bjelovar-Bilogora County A horizontal bicolor of yellow and green with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Brod-Posavina County A blue field with two diagonal white stripes and the county's coat of arms in the center.[2]
Flag of Dubrovnik-Neretva County A horizontal bicolor of red and white with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Istria County A horizontal bicolor of blue and green with the county's coat of arms in the center.[3]
Flag of Karlovac County A horizontal bicolor of red and yellow with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Koprivnica-Križevci County Orthogonally quartered red and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Krapina-Zagorje County A red field with narrow gold stripes at the top and bottom and the county's coat of arms in the center.[4]
Flag of Lika-Senj County Unequal horizontal triband of blue and white with the county's coat of arms in the center.[5]
Flag of Međimurje County A vertical bicolor of white and red with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Osijek-Baranja County Five unequal horizontal stripes of white and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center.[6]
Flag of Požega-Slavonia County Unequal horizontal triband of green and yellow with the county's coat of arms in the center.
Flag of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County A sky blue field with the county's coat of arms between two thin white horizontal stripes.[7]
Flag of Šibenik-Knin County A blue field with the county's coat of arms between two thin white horizontal stripes.[8]
Flag of Sisak-Moslavina County A blue field with narrow red and white stripes along either the hoist or the top side and the county's coat of arms in the center.[9]
Flag of Split-Dalmatia County Unequal vertical stripes of yellow and blue with the county's coat of arms in the center of the yellow part.[10]
Flag of Varaždin County Five horizontal stripes of red and white with the county's coat of arms at the hoist side.[11]
Flag of Virovitica-Podravina County Horizontal triband of blue and white with the county's coat of arms in the center.[12]
Flag of Vukovar-Srijem County Seven horizontal stripes of yellow and white with the county's coat of arms in the center.[13]
Flag of Zadar County Two white and blue horizontal stripes separated by a wavy line, with the county's coat of arms in the center.[14]
Flag of Zagreb County Five horizontal stripes of green and white with the county's coat of arms in the center.[15]
Flag of the City of Zagreb The city's coat of arms on a blue field.[16]

Other

Flag Date Use Description
1905 – 1918 Flag of the Serb-Croatian friendship A combination of the Croatian and Serbian tricolors, with a green crest of two shaking hands (not displayed).
1992 – 1994 Flag of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia A tricolor of red, white, and blue with the state's coat of arms in the center.
since 9 April 2005 Flag of the Serbs of Croatia The Serbian tricolor (a horizontal triband of red, blue and white).
Flag of the Italians of Croatia The flag of Italy (a vertical triband of green, white, and red).

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Brodsko-posavska županija: Grb i zastava (Croatian)
  3. ^ Istarska županija: Grb i zastava (Croatian)
  4. ^ Službeni Glasnik Krapinsko-Zagorske Županije, Article 9 (Croatian)
  5. ^ Ličko-senjska županija: Opći podatci (Croatian)
  6. ^ Znamenja Osječko-baranjske županije/The Symbols of Osijek-Baranja County (Croatian) (English)
  7. ^ Primorsko-goranska županija: Službena obilježja (Croatian)
  8. ^ Šibensko-kninska županija: Grb i zastava (Croatian)
  9. ^ Sisačko-moslavačka županija: Zastava i grb (Croatian) An image of the flag with horizontal stripes is shown, but the accompanying text says the red and white stripes should be vertical and at the left ("Zastava započinje s lijeva crvenom okomitom trakom").
  10. ^ Splitsko-dalmatinska županija: Grb i zastava, Article 3 (Croatian)
  11. ^ Varaždinska županija: Opće informacije (Croatian)
  12. ^ Virovitičko-podravska županija: Heraldika (Croatian)
  13. ^ Vukovarsko-srijemska županija: Osnovni podaci (Croatian)
  14. ^ Zadarske županija: Zastava i grb Zadarske županije (Croatian)
  15. ^ Zagrebačka županija: Grb i zastava (Croatian)
  16. ^ Grb i zastava Grada Zagreba (Croatian)

External links

  • Croatia - Historical Flags (1848-1918)
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