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List of Greco-Roman roofs

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Title: List of Greco-Roman roofs  
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Subject: Selinunte, Erechtheion, Outline of classical architecture, Cella, Paestum, Bassae, Temple of Venus and Roma, Temple of Zeus, Olympia, Basilica Ulpia, Flavian Palace
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List of Greco-Roman roofs


The list of ancient roofs comprises roof constructions from Greek and Roman architecture ordered by clear span. Most buildings in classical Greece were covered by traditional prop-and-lintel constructions, which often needed to include interior colonnades. In Sicily truss roofs presumably appeared as early as 550 BC.[1] Their potential was fully realized in the Roman period which saw over 30 m wide trussed roofs spanning the rectangular spaces of monumental public buildings such as temples, basilicas, and later churches. Such spans were thrice as large as the widest prop-and-lintel roofs and only superseded by the largest Roman domes.[2]

Greek roofing

This list is sorted by the largest clear span (in m).

Image Monument Location Region Date Type of roof Width between cella walls Clear span between colonnades Largest clear span
Temple of Olympian Zeus
(or Olympeion)
Agrigento Sicily Truss [3] 12.85 1 12.85 [4]
Temple of Heracles Agrigento Sicily 5th century BC, early Truss [3] 11.84 1 11.84 [4]
Temple E Selinunte Sicily 480/70 BC Truss [3] 11.70 1 11.70 [4]
Parthenon Athens Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 19.20 11.05 11.05 [4]
S. Biagio Agrigento Sicily Truss [3] 10.35 1 10.35 [4]
Athene Syracuse Sicily Truss [3] 19.82 1 19.82 [4]
Erechtheion Athens Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 19.80 1 19.80 [4]
Treasury of Gela Olympia Greece Truss [1] 19.68 1 19.68 [4]
Temple of Athena Alea Tegea Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 18.94 1 18.94 [4]
Temple of Zeus Olympia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 13.26 18.52 18.52 [4]
Temple C Selinunte Sicily 550 BC Truss [3] 18.50 1 18.50 [4]
Megaron Gaggera Sicily Truss [3] 18.47 1 18.47 [4]
Athenians Delos Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 18.34 1 18.34 [4]
Temple D Selinunte Sicily 540 BC Truss [3] 18.20 1 18.20 [4]
Temple of Hera Agrigento Sicily Truss [3] 17.68 1 17.68 [4]
Temple of Concordia Agrigento Sicily Prop-and-lintel [5] 17.55 1 17.55 [4]
Temple A Selinunte Sicily Truss [3] 17.50 1 17.50 [4]
4th century, Apollo Delphi Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 10.72 17.32 17.32 [4]
Temple G Selinunte Sicily Truss [3] 17.93 17.15 17.15 [4]
Temple F Selinunte Sicily 530 BC Truss [3] 17.12 1 17.12 [4]
Poseidon Isthmia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 11.7 ~7.0 ~7.0 [4]
Temple of Poseidon Sounion Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.53 1 16.53 [4]
Hera Foce del Sele Italy, Lower Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.14 1 16.14 [4]
Artemis Kalydon Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.14 1? 16.14 [4]
Kardaki Corcyra Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] ~6.0 1 ~6.0 [4]
Temple of Poseidon Paestum Italy, Lower 480/70 BC Prop-and-lintel [3] 10.85 15.9 15.9 [4]
Temple of Ceres Paestum Italy, Lower Prop-and-lintel [3] 15.70 1 15.70 [4]
Apollo Delos Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 15.70 1 15.70 [4]
Basilica Paestum Italy, Lower 550–10 BC Prop-and-lintel [3] 11.44 15.6 15.6 [4]
Tav. Pal. Metapontum Italy, Lower 15.60 1 15.60 [4]
Bouleuterion (S) Olympia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 11.07 15.53 15.53 [4]
Bouleuterion (N) Olympia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 10.80 15.40 15.40 [4]
Temple of Apollo Bassae Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.81 15.23 15.23 [4]
Rhamnous Attica Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 15.17 1 15.17 [4]
Metroon Olympia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 15.08 1 15.08 [4]
Temple of Hera Olympia Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 18.37 14.84 14.84 [4]
Temple of Hephaestus
(or Theseion)
Athens Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.24 14.74 14.74 [4]
Artemis Corcyra Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 17.37 14.1 14.1 [4]
Asclepios Epidauros Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 13.95 1 13.95 [4]
Temple of Aphaia Aegina Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 16.28 13.85 13.85 [4]
Apollo Syracuse Sicily Truss [3] 19.70 13.6 13.6 [4]
Apollo Corinth Greece Prop-and-lintel [3] 18.47 13.45 13.45 [4]


Roman roofing

This list is sorted by clear span (in m).

Image Monument Location Region Date Type of roof Clear span
Throne room of the Flavian Palace Rome Italy, Central 192 AD Truss [6] 31.67 [6]
Odeum Aosta Italy, Upper Augustan Truss [6] 30.49 [6]
Diribitorium Rome Italy, Central 117 BC Truss [6] 29.60? [6]
Coenatio Iovis Rome Italy, Central 192 AD Truss [6] 29.30 [6]
Constantine's Basilica Trier Germany 300 AD Truss [6] 26.05 [6]
Theatrum Tectum
(Odeum)
Pompeii Italy, Lower 180 BC Truss [6] 25.75 [6]
Odeon of Agrippa Athens Greece 115 BC Truss [6] 25.75 [6]
Temple of Venus and Roma Rome Italy, Central 135 AD Truss [6] 25.75 [6]
Basilica Ulpia Rome Italy, Central 113 AD Truss [6] 25.16 [6]
Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls Rome Italy, Central 385 AD Truss [6] 24.27 [6]
Old St. Peter's Basilica Rome Italy, Central 330 AD Truss [6] 23.68 [6]

See also

References

Sources

Further reading

External links

  • Traianus – Technical investigation of Roman public works
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