World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia

Article Id: WHEBN0024130562
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Moesia, Cluj-Napoca, Dromichaetes, Apulon, Pistiros, Oescus, Moesi, Argedava, Romula, Dapyx
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of ancient cities in Thrace and Dacia

This is a list of ancient cities, towns, villages, and fortresses in and around Thrace and Dacia. A number of these settlements were Dacian and Thracian, but some were Celtic, Greek, Roman, Paeonian, or Persian.

A number of cities in Dacia and Thrace were built on or close to the sites of preexisting Dacian or Thracian settlements. Some settlements in this list may have a double entry, such as the Paeonian Astibo and Latin Astibus. It is believed that Thracians did not build true cities even if they were named as such; the largest Thracian settlements were large villages.[1] The only known attempt to build a polis by the Thracians was Seuthopolis.[2][3] Some of the Dacian settlements and fortresses employed the traditional Murus Dacicus construction technique.

Note: Throughout these lists, an asterisk [*] indicates that the toponym is reconstructed.


Many city names of the Dacians were composed of an initial lexical element affixed to -dava, -daua, -deva, -deba, -daba, or -dova, which meant "city" or "town" in the Dacian language.

  • Acidava[4] (Acidaua), a fortress town close to the Danube, located in today's Enoşeşti, Olt County, Romania
  • Aedava[5] (Aedeva, Aedabe, Aedeba or Aedadeba), placed by Procopius on the Danubian road between Augustae and Variana,[6] in Moesia (the present Northern Bulgaria)
  • Aiadava[6] (Aiadaba or Aeadaba, Greek: Αἰάδαβα[7]), a locality in the Remesiana region in present-day Bela Palanka, Serbia[8]
  • Aizis (Aixis, Aixim, Airzis, Azizis, Azisis, Aizisis, Alzisis, Aigis, Aigizidava*, Zizis), mentioned by Emperor Trajan in Dacica
  • Amutria (Amutrion, Amutrium, Ancient Greek: Άμοΰτζίον), a Dacian town close to the Danube, possibly today's Motru, Gorj County, Romania [9]
  • Apulon (Apoulon, Apula), a fortress city close to modern Alba-Iulia, Romania from which the Latin name of Apulum is derived
  • Arcina[4] (Arcinna), a fortress town in Wallachia
  • Arcobadara (Acrobadara) [10]
  • Argedava[11] (Argedauon, Sargedava, Sargedauon, Zargedava, Zargedauon, Ancient Greek: Αργεδαυον, Σαργεδαυον), mentioned in the Decree of Dionysopolis, potentially the dava discovered at Popeşti, a district in the town of Mihăileşti, Giurgiu County, Romania and maybe Burebista's court or capital
  • Argidava (Argidaua, Arcidava, Arcidaua, Argedava, Argedauon, Sargedava, Sargedauon, Zargedava, Zargedauon, Ancient Greek: Ἀργίδαυα, Αργεδαυον, Σαργεδαυον), potentially Burebista's court or capital, located in today's Vărădia, Caraş-Severin County, Romania
  • Arutela
  • Berzobis,[4] ancient Bârzava, Romania
  • Bregedava
  • Buricodava[4]
  • Buridava [10] (Burridava), today's Ocnele Mari, Romania
  • Buteridava [4]
  • Capidava[4] (Kapidaua), a fortress town on the southern side of the lower Danube
  • Carsidava or Karsidaua
  • Cumidava [4] (Comidava, Komidaua), ancient Râşnov, Romania
  • Danedebai, [12] a settlement
  • Dausdava (Dausadava, Dausdavua[4]), "The shrine of wolves", a fortress town close to the Danube
  • Desudaba
  • Diacum [4]
  • Dierna
  • Dinogetia, [4] located above the Danube delta
  • Docidava or Dokidaua
  • Drobeta, [4] located on the left bank of the Danube at Turnu Severin
  • Egeta [12]
  • Gatae
  • Genucla, [12] settlement located south of the Danube
  • Gildova[12] (Gildoba), located along the Vistula river
  • Giridava[12]
  • Itadeba[12] (Itadava), in northeastern Macedonia
  • Jidava,[4] near Câmpulung Muscel, Romania
  • Jidova[4]
  • Klepidaua
  • Kuimedaba
  • Malva, a Dacian settlement where Roman Romula was built
  • Marcodava (Markodaua)
  • Murideba
  • Napoca, ancient Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Nentinava[10] (Netindaua), ancient Slobozia, Romania
  • Nentivava,[4] ancient Olteniţa, Romania
  • Patridava (Patridaua)
  • Patruissa
  • Pelendava[4] (Pelendova), ancient Craiova, Romania
  • Perburidava
  • Petrodava[10] (Petrodaua), located in Piatra Neamţ
  • Piroboridava (Piroboridaua)
  • Polonda
  • Potaissa (Patavissa), ancient Turda, Romania
  • Pulpudeva, today's city of Plovdiv in Bulgaria, originally named Eumolpias by the Dacians. Philip II of Macedon conquered the area in 342-341 BC and renamed the city Philippoupolis (Greek: Φιλιππούπολις), of which the later Dacian name for the city, Pulpu-deva, is a reconstructed translation.
  • Quemedava, mentioned by Procopius in Dardania[13]
  • Ramidava (Rhamidaua)
  • Ratiaria
  • Recidava
  • Romboses
  • Rusidava[4] (Rusidava)
  • Ruconium
  • Sacidava (Sacidaba)
  • Sagadava
  • Sandava
  • Sangidaua
  • Sarmizegetusa[12] (Sarmisegetuza), Decebalus's capital and holy place
  • Sarmizegetusa Regia, the most important Dacian military, religious and political centre
  • Scaidava (Skedeba)
  • Setidava[4] (Setidaua), mentioned by Ptolemy as a thriving settlement
  • Singidava (Singidaua)
  • Sucidava[4] (Suvidava, Sukidaua), located in Corabia, Olt County, Romania
  • Susudava,[4] mentioned by Ptolemy as a thriving settlement
  • Sykidaba
  • Tamasidava (Tamasidaua)
  • Tapae, a Dacian outpost guarding Sarmisegetuza and the site of two major battles between Dacians and Romans
  • Thermidaua (Germidava[14]), a town in Dalmatia probably founded by immigrants from Dacia, mentioned by Ptolemy,[15] near Scodra[13]
  • Tirista (Tsirista[4])
  • Tsierna (Dierna[4])
  • Utidava (Utidaua)
  • Zaldapa[12]
  • Zargidava (Zargidaua)
  • Zeugma
  • Zimnicea,[4] site where Alexander the Great fought the Dacians
  • Ziridava (Ziridaua), identified archaeologically with Pecica, Arad, Romania [16]
  • Zisnedeva[4] (Zisnudeva, Zisnudeba), located in Dacian Moesia
  • Zucidaua
  • Zurobara
  • Zisnudeba
  • Zusidava

Dacian town/fortresses with unknown name

  • Ardan
  • Ardeu
  • Arpașu de Sus
  • Breaza
  • Bretea Mureșană
  • Băile Tușnad
  • Bănița
  • Cernat
  • Cetățeni
  • Cotnari
  • Covasna
  • Crăsanii de Jos
  • Crizbav
  • Cuciulata
  • Cugir
  • Cârlomănești
  • Căpâlna
  • Drajna de Sus
  • Jigodin
  • Mala Kopania
  • Marca
  • Merești
  • Moșna
  • Odorheiu Secuiesc
  • Olteni
  • Orăștie Mountains
  • Polovragi
  • Popești
  • Porumbenii Mari
  • Praid
  • Racu
  • Satu Mare (Harghita)
  • Sprâncenata
  • Stâncești
  • Sânzieni
  • Șeica Mică
  • Tășad
  • Teliu
  • Tilișca
  • Timișu de Jos
  • Turia
  • Valea Seacă
  • Zemplín


The endings -bria ("town, city"), -disza, -diza, -dizos ("fortress, walled settlement"), -para, -paron, -pera, -phara ("town, village") are from the Thracian language, as are numerous other lexical elements in this list. Strabo translated -bria as polis, but that may not be accurate.[17] Thracian -disza, -diza, and -dizos are derived from Proto-Indo-European *dheigh-, "to knead clay", hence to "make bricks", "build walls", "wall", "walls", and so on. These Thracian lexical items show a satemization of PIE *gh-. Cognates include Ancient Greek teichos ("wall, fort, fortified town", as in the town of Didymoteicho) and Avestan daēza ("wall").



  • Agathapara
  • Alaaibria
  • Athypara
  • Authiparu
  • Bazopara
  • Belaidipara
  • Bendipara
  • Beripara
  • Bespara
  • Bessapara
  • Breierophara
  • Brentopara
  • Briparon
  • Bussipara
  • Chesdupara
  • Dodoparos
  • Drabeskos, a Thracian settlement[19]
  • Gelupara
  • Isgipara
  • Keirpara
  • Kēriparōn
  • Kras(s)alopara
  • Longinopara
  • Mutzipara
  • Priskupera
  • Skaptopara
  • Skaripara
  • Stratopara
  • Subzupara[20]
  • Tranupara[21]

Forts and walled settlements



Thrace, from Strymon to Nestos

Thrace, from Nestos to Hebros

Inland Thrace

Thracian Chersonesos

Propontic Thrace

West Thracian and Dacian coast



A large number of Roman castra, towns and cities were built after the conquest of Thrace, Moesia, and Dacia. Many were constructed on top of existing Dacian and Thracian structures, often inheriting their native names, usually in a Latinized form.

Some were built near the ruins of destroyed native settlements or fortresses, and in such cases mostly Roman structures survived. All of these towns were connected on Roman road networks built throughout the region, as described in ancient sources like Ptolemy's Geographia (c. 150 AD) and Tabula Peutingeriana (2nd century AD). Many fortified settlements were also part of limes.




See also

Poetry portal



External links

  • Sorin Olteanu's Project: Linguae Thraco-Daco-Moesorum - Toponyms Section
  • Duridanov's paper on Thracian toponyms
  • Placenames in the Compilation 'notitia dignitatum' (Cnd)
  • Lists of Dacian fortresses, towns and citadels
  • Dacia
  • Dacian Map
  • Thracians & Dacians
  • Thracians 700-46 BC

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.