World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of extreme points of India

Article Id: WHEBN0001342939
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of extreme points of India  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Geography of India, Garo Hills, Khasi Hills, Garhwal Himalaya, List of valleys in India
Collection: Extreme Points by Country, Lists of Landforms of India, Lists of Places in India
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

List of extreme points of India

Extreme points of India marked on the map of India

The extreme points of India include the coordinates that are further north, south, east or west than any other location in India; and the highest and the lowest altitudes in the country. The northern-most and eastern-most points claimed by India are both in territory disputed between India and China. With the exception of Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin), the southern-most location of mainland India, all other extreme locations are uninhabited.

The latitude and longitude are expressed in decimal degree notation, in which a positive latitude value refers to the northern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the southern hemisphere. Similarly, a positive longitude value refers to the eastern hemisphere, and a negative value refers to the western hemisphere. The coordinates used in this article are sourced from Google Earth, which makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system. Additionally, a negative altitude value refers to land below sea level.

Contents

  • Extreme points 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Extreme points

The northernmost point that India claims lies in territory now administered by China as part of Xinjiang but once claimed by Hunza and therefore claimed by India as part of the disputed state of Jammu and Kashmir. The northernmost point administered by India lies in Jammu & Kashmir. India's claim to the whole of Kashmir is disputed by Pakistan and China, with the territory currently partitioned into Pakistan's state of Gilgit-Baltistan, the Chinese region of Aksai Chin and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir.[1] This list provides the northernmost point as claimed by India; the northern-most disputed point that is administered by India; and the northern-most undisputed point in India. This case also applies to the highest elevated regions.

India's eastern-most state is Arunachal Pradesh. Part of the state is claimed by China as "South Tibet", though administered by India, The easternmost of Indian-administered territory is located in this disputed region.[2] Consequently, this list mentions both the disputed and undisputed eastern-most points in India.

Heading Location Administrative entity Bordering entity Coordinates[nb 1] Ref
North
(disputed, administered)
Near Indira Col, Siachen Glacier Indian-administered Kashmir Xinjiang, China [3]
North
(disputed, claimed)
Dafdar in the Taghdumbash Pamir near Beyik Pass Xinjiang, China Wakhan Corridor, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan [4]
North
(undisputed)
Near Dharwas, Chamba district Himachal Pradesh Indian-administered Kashmir [5]
South Indira Point in the Nicobar Islands Andaman and Nicobar Islands Indian Ocean [4][6]
South (mainland) Cape Comorin near Kanyakumari Tamil Nadu Indian Ocean [4][7]
East
(disputed, administered)
Kibithu in Anjaw district Arunachal Pradesh Tibet, China [4][8]
East (undisputed) Near Kumki, in the Changlang district Arunachal Pradesh Kachin State, Myanmar [9]
West Guhar Moti in Kutch, near the Sir Creek Gujarat Arabian Sea [10]
Extremity Name Altitude Location State Coordinates Ref
Highest (undisputed) Kanchenjunga 8,586 m (28,169 ft) North Sikkim on the India-Nepal border Sikkim [4]
Highest (disputed) K2 8,611 m (28,251 ft) Border between Kashmir and Xinjiang Northern Areas Pakistan [4]
Highest
(undisputed and entirely within India)
Nanda Devi 7,816 m (25,643 ft) Garhwal Himalaya Uttarakhand [4]
Lowest Kuttanad −2.2 m (−7.2 ft) Alappuzha district Kerala [11]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Coordinates obtained from Google Earth. Google Earth makes use of the WGS84 geodetic reference system.

References

  1. ^ "Q&A: Kashmir dispute".  
  2. ^ "Why China claims Arunachal Pradesh". Rediff.com. 2006-11-16. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  3. ^ "Google Maps (Jammu and Kashmir)". Google. Retrieved 2014-05-11. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Thomas (2003).  
  5. ^ "Google Maps (Himachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  6. ^ "Google Maps (Kashmir)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  7. ^ "Google Maps (Tamil Nadu)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  8. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  9. ^ "Google Maps (Arunachal Pradesh)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  10. ^ "Google Maps (Gujarat)". Google. Retrieved 2008-09-11. 
  11. ^ Suchitra, M (2003-08-13). "Thirst below sea level".  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World eBook Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.