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List of flags of Bosnia and Herzegovina

 

List of flags of Bosnia and Herzegovina

This is a list of flags which have been, or are still today, used in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

For more information on current and historical national flags, see Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Contents

  • National flag 1
  • Subnational flags 2
    • Entities 2.1
    • Cantons of the Federation 2.2
  • Military flags 3
  • Historical national flags 4
  • Proposed flags 5
    • First set of proposals 5.1
    • Second set of proposals 5.2
    • Third set of proposals 5.3
  • See also 6
  • References 7

National flag

Flag Date Use Description
1998 – present Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina A blue field with a wide medium blue vertical band on the fly side with a yellow isosceles triangle abutting the band and the top edge of the flag.

Subnational flags

Entities

Flag Date Use Description
1995 – 2007 Flag of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina A vertical tricolour of red (for the Bosnian Croats), white, and green (for the Bosniaks), with a coat of arms on the wide central band on which the green arms and golden fleur-de-lys represents the Bosniaks, and the checked shield the Bosnian Croats. The Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina voted against the use of the current flag of the Federation declaring it unconstitutional.[1] On 31 March 2007, the Constitutional Court placed its decision into the "Official Gazette of Bosnia and Herzegovina" officially removing the flag and coat of arms of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.[2]
1995 – present Flag of Republika Srpska A horizontal tricolour of red, blue, and white, very similar to the flag of the Misiones Province in Argentina, reversed flag of Russia, or the flag of Serbia without the Coat of Arms (with slightly differently coloured shades).

Cantons of the Federation

Flag Date Use Description
1999 – Flag of Una-Sana Canton
2000 – Flag of Posavina Canton
1999 – Flag of Tuzla Canton
2000 – Flag of Zenica-Doboj Canton
2001 – Flag of Bosnian Podrinje Canton
2003 – Flag of Central Bosnia Canton
2004 – Flag of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton
2003 – Flag of West Herzegovina Canton
1999 – Flag of Sarajevo Canton
1996 - 1997 Flag of Canton 10 Deemed unconstitutional by the Federation Constitutional Court in 1997 because "it only represented one group".[3]

Military flags

Flag Date Use Description
1992 – 1995 Flag of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina This flag of the Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted in 1992.

Historical national flags

Flag Date Use Description
958-1377 Flag of the Banate of Bosnia The flag of the banate. A blue shield with and a white diagonal and a crown on top.
1337-1463 Flag of the Kingdom of Bosnia The flag of the kingdom appointed by king Tvrtko I. A blue flag with 6 lilies and a white diagonal.
1760s Flag of Western Herzegovina used by Bosniak landlords in border parts in southern and western Herzegovina. The flag was most commonly used in wars. It also accompanied Bosnian troops during the second siege of Hotin (Bukowina). A green field with a white crescent and star pointing toward the hoist.
1831 Flag of the Bosnian Revolt by Husein Gradaščević in the 1830s to get autonomy from the Ottoman Empire. A green field with a yellow crescent and star pointing away from the hoist.
1878 Flag of Bosnia. In 1878 Bosnia existed briefly as an independent nation. Very similar to the flag used by Husein Gradaščević's revolt of 1830: a green field with a yellow crescent and star facing away from the hoist, but with a more curved crescent, like a typical Islamic crescent moon symbol.
1878 – 1908 Flag of the Austro-Hungarian-occupied Province of Bosnia A red and yellow horizontal bicolour with a shield. The Province of Herzegovina used a similar flag but with the colors reversed (a yellow and red bicolour).
1908 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina after Austro-Hungarian annexation. A red and yellow horizontal bicolour.
1945 – 1991 Flag of the Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina within Yugoslavia Very similar to Yugoslavia's old flag. A red field (symbolizing the socialism and communism in Yugoslavia at the time) with the Yugoslav flag in the canton.
1992 – 1998 Flag of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina A white field with the Bosnian Fleur-de-lis in the centre.

Proposed flags

First set of proposals

Flag Date Use Description
Proposed, never used First alternative in the first set of proposals. Similar to the flag of the Czech Republic. A green and red horizontal bicolour with a blue triangle in the hoist.
Proposed, never used Second alternative in the first set of proposals. Similar to the flag of the United Nations. A light blue field with a branch of wheat.
Proposed, never used Third alternative in the first set of proposals. A blue field with an outline of the map of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Second set of proposals

Flag Date Use Description
Proposed, never used First alternative in the second set of proposals. A red, white, and blue diagonal tricolour with a silhouette map of Bosnia and Herzegovina within a circle of 10 gold 5-pointed stars.
Proposed, never used Second alternative in the second set of proposals. A red, white, and blue diagonal tricolour with a silhouette map of Bosnia and Herzegovina within a circle of 12 gold 5-pointed stars.
Proposed, never used Third alternative in the second set of proposals. A red, white, and blue diagonal tricolour with a yellow silhouette map of Bosnia and Herzegovina outlined in green within two green olive branches.
Proposed, never used Fourth alternative in the second set of proposals. A red, white, and blue tricolour with a yellow silhouette map of Bosnia and Herzegovina outlined in green within two green olive branches.

Third set of proposals

Flag Date Use Description
Proposed, used briefly in 1998 First alternative in the third set of proposals (the Westendorp proposals). Identical to the national flag that was adopted, but with a field of light blue that the flag of the United Nations uses.
Proposed, never used Second alternative in the third set of proposals (the Westendorp proposals). A field of light blue that the flag of the United Nations uses with three gold and two white stripes, interleaved so as to form a rectangle in the centre.
Proposed, never used Third alternative in the third set of proposals (the Westendorp proposals). A field of light blue that the flag of the United Nations uses with five gold and five white stripes, interleaved so as to form a triangle in the centre.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.ustavnisud.ba/eng/press/index.php?pid=1381&sta=3&pkat=507
  2. ^ http://www.ccbh.ba/eng/press/index.php?pid=1744&sta=3&pkat=507
  3. ^ U-11/97 at the Wayback Machine (archived April 19, 2008)
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