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List of flags of the Philippines


List of flags of the Philippines

This is the list of all the flags used and being used in the Philippines.


  • National flag 1
  • Governmental flags 2
  • Military flags 3
  • Historical national flags 4
  • Provincial flags 5
  • Municipal flags 6
  • Religious flags 7
  • Secessionist flags 8
  • Other historical flags 9
  • Flag Proposals 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12

National flag

Flag Date Use Description
1998—Present National flag of the Philippines A horizontal bicolor with equal bands of blue and red, with a triangular side object which encloses a sun with eight rays together with three stars fixed on the vertexes of the triangle.

Governmental flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the President of the Philippines The Seal of the President of the Philippines against a Blue field. The number of stars correspond to the number of provinces.
1946-1948 Flag of the President of the Philippines The Coat of arms of the Philippines against a Blue field with four stars on each corner.
Flag of the Vice President of the Philippines
Ensign of the Philippine Customs Navy Blue and White vertical bands with a white canton bearing a gold sea-lion.

Military flags

Flag Date Use Description
Only during a state of war State and War flag Same as national flag with red and blue inverted, unique among the national flags.
Naval Jack of the Philippines The "Three Stars and a Sun" emblem against a Royal Blue field.

Historical national flags

Flag Date Use Description
1535–1730 Flag used when the Philippine Islands were a part of New Spain. The Cross of Burgundy: a red saltire resembling two crossed, roughly-pruned branches, on a white field.
1730-1761 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Flag of Spain under the reign of King Felipe V.
1761-1785 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Flag of Spain under the reign of King Felipe V's grandson, King Carlos III
1762–1764 Flag during the British occupation of the Philippines, as used in occupied Manila and Cavite The flag of the British
1785–1873 Used during Spanish East Indies period. Three horizontal stripes of red, weld-yellow and red, the centre stripe being twice as wide as each red stripe with arms in the first third of the weld-yellow stripe. The arms are crowned and vertically divided, the left red field with a tower representing Castille, the right white field with a lion representing León.
1873–1874 Used by the Spanish East Indies under the First Spanish Republic. Three horizontal stripes: red, weld-yellow and red, the yellow strip being twice as wide as each red stripe with arms in the first third of the yellow stripe. Royal crown removed from arms.
1874-1898 Used during Spanish East Indies after the restoration of the Spanish monarchy. The flag of the Kingdom of Spain used prior to the First Spanish Republic was reinstated.
1897–1898 First official flag of the Phliipine republic and used during the Philippine Revolution The flag was created in Naic, Cavite and first displayed in 1897. It features an eight-rayed white sun with a mythical face on a field of red.[1]
1898–1901 Design as conceived by President Emilio Aguinaldo. The exact shade of blue is debated; three variants were used by subsequent governments. Sewn by Doña Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in Hong Kong and first flown in battle on May 28, 1898. It was formally unfurled during the Proclamation of Philippine Independence on June 12, 1898 by President Aguinaldo. It contains a mythical sun (with a face) common to many former Spanish colonies; the triangle of Masonry; the eight rays representing the provinces that first revolted and were placed under Martial Law by the Spanish at the start of the 1896 Revolution. The flag was initially unfurled with the blue stripe above, but was flown with the red stripe above at the outbreak of the Philippine-American War in 1899.
1898–1908 Flag used when the Philippine Islands were a part of the United States of America. Thirteen horizontal stripes of alternating red and white representing the original Thirteen Colonies; in the canton, white stars on a blue field, the number of stars increased as the United States expanded its territory.
1908–1912 Variant after Oklahoma became a state
1912–1946 Variant after Arizona and New Mexico achieved statehood
1919–1936 The shade of blue used here is Navy Blue, following suit from the American Flag. Design conceived by Emilio Aguinaldo remains but the shades of blue and red were adopted from the American flag. The sun's face was removed, but its stylised rays were retained.
1936–1985 Defined under Executive Order No. 23, s. 1936. The shade of blue used here is Navy Blue, following suit from the American Flag. Also used by the Commonwealth government-in-exile from 1942-1945 Specifications codified; sun further simplified, achieving its present form.
1942–1943 Used during the Japanese Occupation. The Hinomaru as it appeared until 1999: a red sun-disc, shifted 1% left of centre, on a white field.
October 14, 1943 Used during the inauguration of the Second Republic. The original design by Aguinaldo remained constant. However, the shades of blue and red varied through the years. In 1998, the flag gained its present definitive shades.
1985–1986 Altered by Executive Order No. 1010, s. 1985. The shade of blue was changed from Navy Blue to Light Blue, amidst debate on the shade used in the original flag. A pale Sky Blue was the actual colour used since it was more available at that time and not due to any specific historical precedent.
1986–1998 1936 version of the flag restored after the 1986 People Power Revolution.
1998–Present The Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines specifies the colours for the blue field Cable No. 80173; the white field, Cable No. 80001; the red field, Cable No. 80108; and the golden-yellow Stars and Sun, Cable No. 80068.[2] Colours introduced for the Centennial celebrations.

Provincial flags

Most of the flags of the provinces of the Philippines are in 1:2 ratio with the provincial seal/coat-of-arms on a field of single color, although a few have designs differing from that standard.

Flag Date Use Description
Provincial flag of Bohol A tricolour with the white stripe being double the width of the blue and red stripes. Superimposed on the white stripe is the main portion of the seal of Bohol. It consists of two bolos representing the Tamblot Uprising and the Dagohoy Rebellion, the Chocolate Hills and the Sandugo between Miguel López de Legazpi and Datu Sikatuna. It also contains a little star representing Carlos P. Garcia, the only Boholano President of the Philippines (another star will be installed for every Boholano president).
Provincial flag of Batangas Horizontal tricolor of blue, white and red. The seal of the province is inscribed on the center of the flag.
Provincial flag of Bukidnon Three equal horizontal stripes; white for honesty and purity; red for commerce, courage, bravery and heroism; black for authority and a Spear and Shield.
Provincial flag of Cagayan Horizontal tricolor of blue, gold and red with the coat of arms of the province, surrounded by 29 stars, on the left side of the flag.
Provincial flag of Camarines Norte A tricolor of green, white, and yellow.
Provincial flag of Southern Leyte A green flag with a golden fringe, white cross, coconut and abaca leaves and four orchids.

Municipal flags

Like the flags of most Philippine provinces, flags of municipalities usually just bear the seal of the municipality on a single color field but there are some municipality flags that differs from the standard

Flag Date Use Description
Municipal flag of Balilihan, Bohol
Municipal flag of Garcia Hernandez, Bohol, Rizal
Municipal flag of Kalilangan, Bukidnon Blue and green horizontal stripes with a white canton bearing a sun surrounded by 14 stars
Municipal flag of Maribojoc, Bohol
Municipal flag of San Mateo, Rizal

Religious flags

Flag Date Use Description
? Flag of the Iglesia ni Cristo Flag used to represent the independent Iglesia Ni Cristo church. Official status of flag is unknown but widely used, especially by followers of the Christian denomination. The flag is a tricolor with a golden menorah at its center. No official specification on the design regarding the placement of elements.[3]

Secessionist flags

Flag Date Use Description
? Flag of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.
? (as flag of the MNLF)
2013 (as flag of the Bangsamoro Republik)
Flag of the Moro National Liberation Front and the widely unrecognized Bangsamoro Republik. Golden yellow crescent and star and a kris on a red field.

Other historical flags

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Maguindanao Sultanate A plain yellow flag
1762-1763 Flag of the Silang Revolt
18th Century Flag of the Sulu Sultanate Flag of Sulu Sultanate according to Pierre Sonnerat.
1807 Flag of the Basi Revolt
1845-1898 Provincial Ensign of the Manila
1886-1898 Provincial Ensign of Ilo-Ilo
Late 19th Century Flag of the Sulu Sultanate
1898 Flag of the Negros Revolution Banner used by Negrense revolutionaries during their revolution.
1898–1901 Flag of the Republic of Negros
1899–1903 Flag of the Republic of Zamboanga
1902-1906 Flag of the Tagalog Republic
1956-? Flag of the Free Territiory of Freedomland The flag of Freedomland, a micronation founded by Tomas Cloma in the Spratly islands.

Flag Proposals

Flag Date Use Description
National Flag Addition of a 9th ray as proposed in 1998 and 2009
National Flag Emmanuel L. Osorio's proposal. Addition of a ninth ray to represent the Muslim and indigenous people and a fourth star for Sabah.

National Flag Flag proposals made in June 12, 1995 by former President Fidel V. Ramos. Proposal to add a crescent moon to represent the Muslim community.
Municipal Flag of Bustos, Bulacan

See also


  1. ^ Flags of the Philippine Revolution
  2. ^ "The Philippine National Flag". Monuments and Heraldry division, National Historical institute. National Commission for Culture and the Arts. 
  3. ^
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