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List of largest power stations in the world

largest hydroelectric power station, and the largest power producing body ever built, at 22,500 MW.

This article lists the largest power stations in the world, the ten overall and the five of each type, in terms of current installed electrical capacity. Non-renewable power stations are those that run on coal, fuel oils, nuclear, natural gas, oil shale and peat, while renewable power stations run on fuel sources such as biomass, geothermal heat, hydro, solar energy, solar heat, tides, waves and the wind. Only the most significant fuel source are listed for power stations that run on multiple sources.

At present, the largest power generating facility ever built is the Xiluodu Dam (13,860 MW),[2] Baihetan Dam (13,050 MW)[3] and Belo Monte Dam (11,000 MW).[4]

Although currently only a proposal, the

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References

  • World's 39 largest electric power plants
  • The Top 100: The World's Largest Power Plants
  • The world's 25 biggest power plants

External links

See also

Country Largest facility Capacity
(MW)
Fuel type Location Largest unit
(name of power station)
Unit capacity
(MW)
Fuel type Location Refs
Afghanistan Naghlu 100 Hydro         [146]
Algeria Hadjret En-Nouss 1,260 Gas Skikda 440 Gas [147][148]
Argentina Yacyretá 4,050 Hydro Embalse 648 Nuclear [149][150][151]
Australia Eraring 2,880 Coal Kogan Creek 750 Coal [152][153]
Austria Simmering 1,700 Gas Dürnrohr 405 Coal [154][155]
Bangladesh Ghorasal 950 Gas Meghnaghat 450 Gas [156][157]
Belgium Doel 2,919 Nuclear Tihange Unit 3 1,065 Nuclear [158][159]
Brazil Itaipu 14,000 Hydro Angra II 1,350 Nuclear [160]
Burma Yeywa 790 Hydro   Yeywa 197 Hydro   [161]
Canada Bruce 6,300 Nuclear Darlington 881 Nuclear [55][56][162]
Chile Ventanas 875 Coal Atacama 370 Gas    
China Three Gorges 22,500 Hydro Taishan (under construction) 1,750 Nuclear [163]
Colombia San Carlos 1,240 Hydro      
Czech Republic Temelín 2,030 Nuclear Temelín 1,015 Nuclear   [164]
DR Congo Inga II 1,424 Hydro         [165]
Denmark Asnæs 1,057 Coal          
Egypt Aswan 2,100 Hydro   El-Kureimat 650 Gas    
Ethiopia Beles 460 Hydro          
France Gravelines 5,460 Nuclear Flamanville (Unit 3 – under construction) 1,600 Nuclear [32]
Germany Jänschwalde 3,000 Coal            
Ghana Akosombo 1,020 Hydro          
Hong Kong Castle Peak 4,108 Coal          
India Mundra 4,620 Coal Kudankulam 1,000 Nuclear [166]
Indonesia Suralaya 4,025 Coal Paiton 850 Coal    
Iran Damavand 2,868 Gas         [167][168]
Iraq Al-Shemal 2,100 Oil            
Israel Orot Rabin 2,590 Coal   Rutenberg 575 Coal    
Italy Alessandro Volta 3,600 Gas          
Japan Kashiwazaki-Kariwa 8,212 Nuclear Hekinan Power Station 1,000 Coal [169]
Kenya Gitaru 225 Hydro         [170]
Latvia Pļaviņas 883.5 Hydro          
Malaysia Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz 2,420 Gas   Tuanku Jaafar 750 Gas [171]
Mexico Manuel Moreno Torres 2,430 Hydro Laguna Verde 665 Nuclear   [172]
Morocco Jorf Lasfar 1,356 Coal          
Mozambique Cahora Bassa 2,075 Hydro    
Nepal Kali Gandaki 144 Hydro            
Netherlands Claus 1,900 Gas          
New Zealand Huntly 950 Coal/Gas Huntly Unit 5 400 Gas
Nigeria Egbin 1,320 Gas          
Norway Kvilldal 1,240 Hydro            
Pakistan Tarbela 3,478 Hydro          
Paraguay Itaipu 14,000 Hydro          
Peru Montaro-Tablachaca 1,008 Hydro   Ventanilla 185 Gas   [173]
Philippines Santa Rita 1,500 Gas Sual 647 Coal [174][175]
Poland Bełchatów 5,354 Coal Bełchatów 858 Coal  
Qatar Ras Qartas 2,730 Gas          
Romania Turceni 2,640 Coal Cernavodă Nuclear Power Plant 706 Nuclear    
Russia Sayano–Shushenskaya 6,400 Hydro         [22]
Rwanda Nyabarongo 28 Hydro            
Saudi Arabia Shoaiba 5,600 Fuel Oil    
Singapore Tuas 1,470 Gas Tuas 600 Oil [176][177]
South Africa Kendal 4,116 Coal Koeberg 930 Nuclear   [178]
South Korea Hanul 5,906 Nuclear         [25][26]
Spain Almaraz 2,017 Nuclear Almaraz 1,011 Nuclear [179]
Sri Lanka Kelanitissa 493 Fuel Oil Lakvijaya 300 Coal [180][181]
Sudan Roseires 1,800 Hydro         [182]
Sweden Ringhals 3,698 Nuclear         [183][184]
Switzerland Bieudron 1,269 Hydro Leibstadt Nuclear Power Plant 1,220 Nuclear [185][186]
Taiwan Taichung 5,832 Coal Kuosheng 985 Nuclear [31][187]
Tanzania Kidatu 204 Hydro         [188][189]
Thailand Mae Moh 2,180 Coal          
Turkey
Turkey
Atatürk 2,400 Hydro          
Ukraine Zaporizhia 5,700 Nuclear [27]
United Kingdom Drax 3,960 Coal          
United States Grand Coulee 6,809 Hydro Zimmer 1,460 Coal  
Venezuela Guri 10,235 Hydro          
Vietnam Sơn La 2,400 Hydro Nhon Trach-2 760 Gas   [190]
Zambia Kafue 900 Hydro          
Zimbabwe Kariba 750 Hydro          

The following table lists the largest operating power station, and the largest single generating unit within each country.

List of largest power station and unit within each country

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 London Array  United Kingdom 630 [130]
2 Greater Gabbard  United Kingdom 504 [131]
3 Anholt  Denmark 400 [132][133]
4 BARD Offshore 1  Germany 400 [134][135]
5 Walney  United Kingdom 367 [136][137]
6 Thorntonbank  Belgium 325 [138][139]
7 Sheringham Shoal  United Kingdom 315 [140][141]
8 Thanet  United Kingdom 300 [142][143]
9 Lincs  United Kingdom 270 [144]
10 Horns Rev 2  Denmark 209 [145]
Sheringham Shoal Offshore Wind Farm, one of the largest offshore wind farm at 315 MW

Offshore

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Gansu  China 5,160 [123]
2 Jaisalmer  India 1,064 [123]
3 Alta  United States 1,020 [123]
4 Shepherds Flat  United States 845 [124]
5 Roscoe  United States 781.5 [125][126]
6 Horse Hollow  United States 735.5 [127][128]
7 Capricorn Ridge  United States 662.5 [129]
Shepherds Flat Wind Farm, the fourth largest wind farm at 845 MW.

Onshore

Wind

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Aguçadoura  Portugal 2.25 [115][116]
2 Islay Limpet  United Kingdom 0.5 [117][118]
3 Mutriku Breakwater  Spain 0.3 [119][120][121]
4 SDE Sea  Israel 0.04 [122]
Aguçadoura, the largest wave farm at 2.25 MW.

Wave

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Ivanpah  United States 377 [106]
2 SEGS  United States 354 [107]
3 Solana  United States 280 [108]
4 Genesis  United States 250 [109]
5 Solaben  Spain 200
6 Solnova  Spain 150
6 Andasol  Spain 150 [110][111]
6 Extresol  Spain 150 [112][113]
9 Palma del Rio  Spain 100 [112]
9 Manchasol  Spain 100 [112]
9 Valle  Spain 100 [112][114]
Solnova, one of the largest CSP power station at 150 MWe.

Concentrated solar thermal

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Alamosa  United States   37 [102]
2 Navarra  Spain   7.8 [103]
3 Hatch  United States   5 [104]
4 Casaquemada  Spain   1.9
5 Sevilla  Spain 1.2
6 (tie) Victor Valley College CPV  United States 1
6 (tie) Questa  United States 1 [105]
Sevilla, the fifth largest CPV power station at 1.2 MW.

Concentrated photovoltaic

  1. ^ Installed capacity as of January 2014. The final capacity will be 550 MW.
Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Topaz  United States 300[note 1] [92][93]
2 Agua Caliente  United States 251.3 [94][95]
3 California Valley Solar Ranch  United States 250 [96][97][98]
4 Charanka  India 214
5 Huanghe Hydropower Golmud  China 200 [99][100][101]
Finsterwalde, one of the largest PV power stations at 80.7 MW.

Flat-panel photovoltaic

Solar power

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Sihwa Lake  South Korea 254
2 Rance  France 240
3 Annapolis Royal  Canada 20
4 Jiangxia  China 3.9 [91]
5 Kislaya Guba  Russia 1.7
Rance, second largest tidal power station at 240 MW.

Tide

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Chief Joseph  United States 2,620
2 John Day  United States 2,160 [88]
3 Beauharnois  Canada 1,903 [89]
4 The Dalles  United States 1,779.8 [88]
5 Nathpa Jhakri  India 1,500 [90]
Chief Joseph, the largest run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station at 2,620 MW.

Run-of-the-river

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Bath County  United States 3,003 [83]
2 Huizhou  China 2,448 [84]
3 Guangdong  China 2,400 [85][86]
4 Okutataragi  Japan 1,932
5 Ludington  United States 1,872 [87]
Upper reservoir of Okutataragi Pumped Storage Power Station at 1,932 MW.

Pumped-storage

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Three Gorges  China 22,500 [1]
2 Itaipu  Brazil
 Paraguay
14,000 [9][10]
3 Xiluodu  China 13,860 [80]
4 Guri  Venezuela 10,235 [14]
5 Tucuruí  Brazil 8,370
6 Grand Coulee  United States 6,809 [19]
7 Longtan  China 6,426 [81]
8 Sayano-Shushenskaya  Russia 6,400
9 Krasnoyarsk  Russia 6,000 [82]
10 Robert-Bourassa  Canada 5,616

Conventional

Hydroelectric

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 The Geysers  United States 1,808 [74]
2 Cerro Prieto  Mexico 958 [75][76][77]
3 Hellisheiði  Iceland 303
4 Olkaria  Kenya 260
5 Darajat  Indonesia 255
6 Malitbog  Philippines 233 [78]
7 Wayang Windu  Indonesia 227 [79]
8 Kamojang  Indonesia 203
9 Navy  United States 240 [74]
Hellisheidi Power Station, the 3rd largest geothermal power station at 303 MWe.

Geothermal

  1. ^ stopped production in 2013
  2. ^ installed capacity is 1100 MW with cofiring 80% coal and 20% biomass
Rank Station Country Geographic coordinate system Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Tilbury B  United Kingdom 750[note 1] wood pellet [68][69]
2 Drax  United Kingdom 660 wood pellet [69]
3 Ironbridge B  United Kingdom 600 wood pellet [69]
4 Alholmens Kraft  Finland 265 forest residue [70]
5 Maasvlakte 3  Netherlands 220[note 2] biomass [69]
6 Połaniec  Poland 205 woodchips [69]
7 Atikokan Generating Station  Canada 205 biomass [71]
8 Rodenhuize  Belgium 180 wood pellet [72]
9 Ashdown Paper Mill  United States 157 black liquor [73]
10 Wisapower  Finland 150 [69]
Tilbury B Power Station, since 2011 the largest biofuel power station at 750 MWe.

Biomass

Renewable power stations

  1. ^ Natural gas primary fuel (78,0 %), peat secondary (11,5 %)
Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Shatura  Russia 1,500[note 1]
2 Kirov  Russia 300 [62]
3 Keljonlahti  Finland 209 [63]
4 Toppila  Finland 190 [63]
5 Haapavesi  Finland 154 [64]
6 West Offaly  Ireland 150 [65]
7 Edenderry  Ireland 120 [66]
8 Lough Ree  Ireland 100 [65]
9 Väo  Estonia 25 [67]
Shatura, largest peat-fired power station at 1,500 MW.

Peat

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Eesti  Estonia 1,615 [58][59]
2 Balti  Estonia 765 [58][59]
3 Huadian  China 100 [60]
4 Mishor Rotem  Israel 13
5 Dotternhausen Rohrbach Zement Factory  Germany   9.9 [61]
Eesti Power Station, the largest oil shale-fired power station at 1,615 MW.

Oil shale

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Kashiwazaki-Kariwa  Japan 7,965 [16][17][18]
2 Bruce  Canada 6,232 [55][56]
3 Zaporizhia  Ukraine 6,000 [27][57]
4 Hanul  South Korea 5,881 [26]
5 Hanbit  South Korea 5,875 [26]
6 Gravelines  France 5,706 [32]
7 Paluel  France 5,528 [32]
8 Cattenom  France 5,448 [32]
9 Ōi  Japan 4,710 [18]
10 Fukushima Daini  Japan 4,400 [18]
Kashiwazaki-Kariwa, the largest nuclear power station at 7,965 MWe (not currently operating)

Nuclear

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Surgut-2  Russia 5,597 [29][49]
2 Jebel Ali  United Arab Emirates 5,163 [50]
3 Futtsu  Japan 5,040 [46]
4 Kawagoe  Japan 4,802 [49]
5 Higashi-Niigata  Japan 4,600 [51]
6 Tatan  Taiwan 4,272 [52]
7 Himeji  Japan   3,992 [53]
8 Chita  Japan 3,966 [54]
9 Chiba  Japan 3,882 [46]
10 Anegasaki  Japan 3,606 [46]
Surgut-2, the largest natural gas power station at 5,600 MWe.

Natural gas

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Shoaiba  Saudi Arabia 5,600 [28]
2 Kashima  Japan 4,400 [45]
3 Hirono  Japan 3,800 [46]
4 Surgut-1  Russia 3,268 [47]
5 Peterhead  United Kingdom 2,177 [48]
Peterhead, the fifth largest fuel oil-fired power station at 2,177 MWe

Fuel oil

Rank Station Country Location Capacity (MW) Ref
1 Taichung  Taiwan 5,500 [30][31]
2 Tuoketuo  China 5,400 [35]
3 Bełchatów  Poland 5,354 [36][37][38]
4= Guodian Beilun  China 5,000 [39]
4= Waigaoqiao  China 5,000 [40]
4= Guohoa Taishan  China 5,000 [41]
4= Jiaxing  China 5,000 [42]
8 Paiton  Indonesia 4,870 [43][44]
9 Yingkou  China 4,840
10 Mundra  India 4,620
11 Shengtou  China 4,600
Taichung, the largest coal-fired power station, at 7,424 MWe.

Coal

Non-renewable power stations

Held record, From To Name and location Capacity Notes
1922[33] Sir Adam Beck 1, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada 450
1969[34] 1969 St. Clair Power Plant, Michigan, US 1,954
1969 1971 Lakeview Generating Station, Mississauga, Ontario Canada 2,400
1971 1984 Churchill Falls Generating Station, Labrador, Newfoundland Canada 5,428
1984 2012 Itaipu, Paraná River, on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. 14,000
2012 na China. 22,500

Timeline of the largest power plants in the world

  1. ^ Present States of Operation (All units) Reinstated Nuclear Regulation Authority
  2. ^ Will be fully recovered in 2014 after 2009 Sayano–Shushenskaya power station accident
Rank Station Country Location Capacity
(MW)
Annual generation
(TWh)
Type Notes and Refs
1 Three Gorges  China 22,500 92.2 (2014) Hydro [1][8]
2 Itaipu  Brazil
 Paraguay
14,000 98.63 (2013) Hydro [9][10][11]
3 Xiluodu  China 13,860 57.1 (estimated) Hydro [12][13]
4 Guri  Venezuela 10,235 47 (average) Hydro [14]
5 Tucuruí  Brazil 8,370 21.4 (1999) Hydro [9][12]
6 Kashiwazaki-Kariwa  Japan 7,965 60.3 (1999) Nuclear [Note 1][15][16][17][18]
Suspended (Periodic Inspection)
7 Grand Coulee  United States 6,809 21 (2008) Hydro [19][20]
8 Longtan  China 6,426 18.7 Hydro [12][21]
9 Sayano-Shushenskaya  Russia 6,400 23.5 Hydro [Note 2][22]
10 Bruce  Canada 6,300 45 (2013) Nuclear [23]
11 Krasnoyarsk  Russia 6,000 23.0 (2014) Hydro [24]
12 Hanul  South Korea 5,881 48.16 Nuclear [25][26]
13 Hanbit  South Korea 5,875   Nuclear [25][26]
14 Zaporizhia  Ukraine 5,700 48.16 (average) Nuclear [27]
15 Robert-Bourassa  Canada 5,616 Hydro
16 Shoaiba  Saudi Arabia 5,600 ? (average) Fuel oil [28]
17 Surgut-2  Russia 5,597 39.85 (2013) Natural gas [29]
18 Taichung  Taiwan 5,500 42 (average) Coal [30][31]
19 Gravelines  France 5,460 38.5 (average) Nuclear [32]
20 Churchill Falls  Canada 5,428 35 Hydro  

Top 20 largest power producing facilities

Contents

  • Top 20 largest power producing facilities 1
  • Timeline of the largest power plants in the world 2
  • Non-renewable power stations 3
    • Coal 3.1
    • Fuel oil 3.2
    • Natural gas 3.3
    • Nuclear 3.4
    • Oil shale 3.5
    • Peat 3.6
  • Renewable power stations 4
    • Biomass 4.1
    • Geothermal 4.2
    • Hydroelectric 4.3
      • Conventional 4.3.1
      • Pumped-storage 4.3.2
      • Run-of-the-river 4.3.3
      • Tide 4.3.4
    • Solar power 4.4
      • Flat-panel photovoltaic 4.4.1
      • Concentrated photovoltaic 4.4.2
      • Concentrated solar thermal 4.4.3
    • Wave 4.5
    • Wind 4.6
      • Onshore 4.6.1
      • Offshore 4.6.2
  • List of largest power station and unit within each country 5
  • See also 6
  • External links 7
  • References 8

. 87,100 MW, presumes an installed capacity up to Penzhin Tidal Power Plant Another proposal, [7][6][5]

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